People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Anatomy of an Extreme Event Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Integrating risks of climate change into water management CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... At War with the Weather: Manag... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Risk management and climate change nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions At War with the Weather: Manag... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Redesigning Flood Insurance Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
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Michael Kunz 0000-0002-0202-9558 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
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Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure