People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Holly R. Prendeville U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Assessing vulnerabilities and adapting to climate change in northwestern U.S. forests
I. Colin Prentice British Antarctic Survey Imperial College London Grantham Institute for Climate Change Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry University of Bristol School of Earth Sciences University of Bristol Programme in Quantifying and Understanding the Earth System Evaluation of the terrestrial carbon cycle, future plant geography and climate-carbon cycle feedbacks using five Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs) Beyond Predictions: Biodiversity Conservation in a Changing Climate Global Biogeochemical Cycles i... Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems Global Consequences of Land Use Fire in the Earth System
Steve M. Presley Texas Tech University Department of Environmental Toxicology Texas Tech University The Institute of Environmental and Human Health Potential impacts of climate change on the ecology of dengue and its mosquito vector the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus)
Jeffrey P. Prestemon 0000-0001-8850-5668 U.S. Forest Service U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station Forestry Sciences Laboratory North Carolina What is the price of catastrophic wildfire? Economic optimisation of wildfire intervention activities Evaluating alternative prescribed burning policies to reduce net economic damages from wildfire An economic assessment of mountain pine beetle timber salvage in the West US forest products in the global economy Projecting wildfire area burned in the south-eastern United States, 2011–60 Effect of fire prevention programs on accidental and incendiary wildfires on tribal lands in the United States 6.4: Wildfires—Changes in Area Burned and Cost nca4 chapter 6 : Forests
M. Katherine Presto U.S. Geological Survey Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Numerical modeling of the impact of sea-level rise on fringing coral reef hydrodynamics and sediment transport
Benjamin Lee Preston 0000-0002-7966-2386 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory Climate Change Science Institute Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental Sciences Division RAND Corporation Limits to adaptation Adapting to climate change through local municipal planning: barriers and challenges Developing a Framework for Regional Integrated Assessment Modeling A geospatial dataset for U.S. hurricane storm surge and sea-level rise vulnerability: Development and case study applications Adaptation opportunities and constraints in coupled systems: Evidence from the U.S. energy-water nexus nca4 chapter 26 : Alaska Improving the usability of integrated assessment for adaptation practice: Insights from the U.S. southeast energy sector second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 6 : Social Science Perspectives on Carbon Local path dependence of US socioeconomic exposure to climate extremes and the vulnerability commitment Putting vulnerability to climate change on the map: A review of approaches, benefits, and risks Climate adaptation planning in practice: an evaluation of adaptation plans from three developed nations nca4 chapter 17 : Sector Interactions, Multiple Stressors, and Complex Systems
Kurt T. Preston U.S. Department of Defense 16.3: U.S. Military Relief Efforts in Response to Typhoon Haiyan nca4 chapter 16 : Climate Effects on U.S. International Interests
Pedro Preto Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Geological Sciences Dynamic simulations of potential methane release from East Siberian continental slope sediments
Jules Pretty 0000-0002-3897-6581 University of Essex Department of Biological Sciences The future of the global food system Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people
Karina Preussel German Federal Environmental Agency Department of Drinking Water Treatment Distribution of three alien cyanobacterial species (Nostocales) in northeast Germany: Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, Anabaena bergii and Aphanizomenon aphanizomenoides
Michael Previdi 0000-0001-7701-1849 Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Timing and seasonality of the United States ‘warming hole’
David J. Prezant The Fire Department of the City of New York FDNY Bureau of Health Services Montefiore Medical Center Division of Pulmonary Medicine Effects of the August 2003 blackout on the New York City healthcare delivery system: A lesson for disaster preparedness
A. Price Long-Term Climate Commitments Projected with Climate–Carbon Cycle Models
David T. Price Canadian Forest Service Natural Resources Canada Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis Carbon cycle uncertainty in the Alaskan Arctic Revisiting projected shifts in the climate envelopes of North American trees using updated general circulation models
Jason Price Industrial Economics, Inc. Multi-Model Framework for Quantitative Sectoral Impacts Analysis Climate change risks to US infrastructure: Impacts on roads, bridges, coastal development, and urban drainage Assessment of climate change adaptation costs for the U.S. road network
Jeff Price American Bird Conservancy California State University, Chico Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of East Anglia School of Environmental Sciences Global crop yield response to extreme heat stress under multiple climate change futures Nonlinear dynamics in ecosystem response to climatic change: Case studies and policy implications Quantifying the benefit of early climate change mitigation in avoiding biodiversity loss Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants
Jonathan P. Price University of Hawai‘i at Hilo Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences Online rainfall atlas of Hawai‘i
Kevin P. Price Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program The University of Kansas Department of Geography Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought
Mary V. Price University of California, Riverside Department of Biology The Ecology of Place: Contribu...
Matthew Price 0000-0001-5637-9230 Medical University of South Carolina Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center The associations between loss and posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms following Hurricane Ike
Nichole N. Price 0000-0001-6773-3215 Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography Diel Variability in Seawater pH Relates to Calcification and Benthic Community Structure on Coral Reefs Ocean and coastal acidification off New England and Nova Scotia
S. Price The Technology Path to Deep Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cuts by 2050: The Pivotal Role of Electricity
Susan J. Prichard University of Washington College of Forest Resources Fuel treatments reduce the severity of wildfire effects in dry mixed conifer forest, Washington, USA
Gabriella Pridjian Tulane University Department of Epidemiology Tulane University Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Exposure to Hurricane Katrina, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Birth Outcomes Hurricane Katrina-related maternal stress, maternal mental health, and early infant temperament Loss of resources and hurricane experience as predictors of postpartum depression among women in southern Louisiana Postpartum mental health after Hurricane Katrina: A cohort study Hurricane Katrina experience and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression among pregnant women
Maria R. Prieto 0000-0002-1692-9821 Swansea University Department of Geography Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
Catherine Prigent Laboratory for Studies of Radiation and Matter in Astrophysics and Atmospheres Contribution of anthropogenic and natural sources to atmospheric methane variability
Daniel Primack Boston University Department of Biology Herbarium specimens demonstrate earlier flowering times in response to warming in Boston
Richard B. Primack Boston University Department of Biology Leaf-out phenology of temperate woody plants: From trees to ecosystems Autumn, the neglected season in climate change research Herbarium specimens demonstrate earlier flowering times in response to warming in Boston Bird migration times, climate change, and changing population sizes Record-breaking early flowering in the eastern United States Beyond seasonal climate: Statistical estimation of phenological responses to weather
Jurgenne H. Primavera Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Department Coastal ecosystem-based management with nonlinear ecological functions and values Non-linearity in ecosystem services: temporal and spatial variability in coastal protection
Martin Prince 0000-0003-1379-7146 King’s College London Institute of Psychiatry Health Services and Population Research Department No health without mental health
Peter P. Principe National Exposure Research Laboratory Environmental Services Division Quantifying Coral Reef Ecosystem Services. EPA/600/R-11/206
Kristy Pringle University of Leeds School of Earth and Environment Large contribution of natural aerosols to uncertainty in indirect forcing
Ronald G. Prinn Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Global Change Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences Massachusetts Institute of Technology Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Net Emissions of CH4 and CO2 in Alaska: Implications for the Region's Greenhouse Gas Budget Development and application of earth system models Evidence for variability of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals over the past quarter century
Cindy A. Prins University of Florida College of Medicine University of Florida College of Public Health and Health Professions Department of Epidemiology The effects of heat stress and its effect modifiers on stroke hospitalizations in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
Simon Prinsenberg Fisheries and Oceans Canada Bedford Institute of Oceanography Fracture of summer perennial sea ice by ocean swell as a result of Arctic storms
Mitchell J. Prinstein University of Miami Department of Psychology The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Children's postdisaster trajectories of PTS symptoms: Predicting chronic distress Symptoms of posttraumatic stress in children after Hurricane Andrew: A prospective study
Stephen A Prior U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National Soil Dynamics Laboratory Effects of elevated carbon dioxide and increased temperature on methane and nitrous oxide fluxes: evidence from field experiments
Melissa Prior-Parks The Pew Charitable Trusts Vessels, risks, and rules: Planning for safe shipping in Bering Strait
Stephen Prisley 0000-0002-7393-7879 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University College of Natural Resources and Environment Scenarios of land use and land cover change in the conterminous United States: Utilizing the special report on emission scenarios at ecoregional scales
Hamish Pritchard British Antarctic Survey British Geological Survey Natural Environment Research Council Understanding ice-sheet mass balance: progress in satellite altimetry and gravimetry A Reconciled Estimate of Ice-Sheet Mass Balance
Michael Pritchard University of Washington Department of Atmospheric Sciences Robustness and sensitivities of central U.S. summer convection in the super-parameterized CAM: Multi-model intercomparison with a new regional EOF index
James Pritchett Colorado State University University of Washington College of Forest Resources Quantification Task, a Description of Agriculture Production and Water Transfers in the Colorado River Basin: A Report to the CRB Water Sharing Working Group and the Walton Family Foundation
Jeffrey L. Privette National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends
Brian G. Prochazka U.S. Geological Survey Western Ecological Research Center Dixon Field Station Wildfire, climate, and invasive grass interactions negatively impact an indicator species by reshaping sagebrush ecosystems
Bernadette D. Proctor U.S. Census Bureau Income and Poverty in the United States: 2014
Suzanne E. Proctor National Center for Health Statistics Healthy People 2010 Criteria for Data Suppression
Vânia Proença 0000-0001-8245-357X University of Lisbon Biodiversity Scenarios: Projections of 21st Century Change in Biodiversity and Associated Ecosystem Services. A Technical Report for the Global Biodiversity Outlook 3
C. Edward Proffitt Florida Atlantic University at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute Department of Biological Sciences Postglacial expansion pathways of red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle, in the Caribbean Basin and Florida
Kelly Proffitt Montana State University Department of Ecology U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Marine Mammals Management Effects of sea ice extent and food availability on spatial and temporal distribution of polar bears during the fall open-water period in the Southern Beaufort Sea
Linda S. Prokopy 0000-0001-7076-0046 Purdue Climate Change Research Center Purdue University Department of Forestry and Natural Resources The effects of extreme drought on climate change beliefs, risk perceptions, and adaptation attitudes Climate change beliefs, risk perceptions, and adaptation behavior among midwestern U.S. crop farmers Useful to usable: Developing usable climate science for agriculture Understanding Corn Belt farmer perspectives on climate change to inform engagement strategies for adaptation and mitigation
Isolde Prommer International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Regional, national, and spatially explicit scenarios of demographic and economic change based on SRES
David L. Propst The University of New Mexico Department of Biology The University of New Mexico Museum of Southwestern Biology Consecutive wildfires affect stream biota in cold- and warmwater dryland river networks
Joseph M. Prospero 0000-0003-3608-6160 University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Global-scale attribution of anthropogenic and natural dust sources and their emission rates based on MODIS Deep Blue aerosol products
Nancy G. Prouty 0000-0002-8922-0688 U.S. Geological Survey Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center Vulnerability of coral reefs to bioerosion from land-based source of pollution
Mark J. Provancha The Bionetics Corporation Effects of the December 1983 and January 1985 freezing air temperatures on select aquatic poikilotherms and plant species of Merritt Island, Florida.
Jennifer F. Provencher 0000-0002-4972-2034 University of Victoria Department of Biology Discontinuous change in ice cover in Hudson Bay in the 1990s and some consequences for marine birds and their prey
Antonello Provenzale 0000-0003-0882-5261 National Resource Council Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources CNR IGG On the key role of droughts in the dynamics of summer fires in Mediterranean Europe
David G. Proverbs 0000-0002-3297-2205 University of West England Centre for Floods, Communities and Resilience An exploration of factors affecting the long term psychological impact and deterioration of mental health in flooded households
Terry Prowse Environment Canada University of Victoria Department of Geography Water and Climate Impacts Research Centre River-ice hydrology in a shrinking cryosphere The atmospheric role in the Arctic water cycle: A review on processes, past and future changes, and their impacts Past and Future Changes in Arctic Lake and River Ice River-ice break-up/freeze-up: A review of climatic drivers, historical trends and future predictions
Francis Paul Prucha Marquette University Department of History The Dawes Act and the Allotmen...
Natasha Prudent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Environmental Health A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change: Summary [Brochure] A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change: A Report Outlining the Research Needs on the Human Health Effects of Climate Change Climate change and human health
Guillaume Prudent-Richard AECOM Australia Pty Ltd Private Sector Engagement in Adaptation to Climate Change: Approaches to Managing Climate Risks
Christel Prudhomme 0000-0003-1722-2497 Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Health effects of drought: A systematic review of the evidence
John H. Prueger 0000-0002-7768-5760 U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment Temperature extremes: Effect on plant growth and development
Tom Pruitt U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Technical Service Center U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Water and Environmental Resources Division U.S. Bureau of Reclamation An Enhanced Archive Facilitating Climate Impacts and Adaptation Analysis Assessing reservoir operations risk under climate change Reclamation Managing Water in the West. SECURE Water Act Section 9503(c) - Reclamation Climate Change and Water 2011 A framework for assessing flood frequency based on climate projection information West-Wide Climate Risk Assessments: Bias-Corrected and Spatially Downscaled Surface Water Projections, Technical Memorandum No. 86-68210-2011-01
Alexander Prusevich University of New Hampshire Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space Earth Systems Research Center Joint analysis of stressors and ecosystem services to enhance restoration effectiveness
Melissa Prusinski New York State Department of Health Bureau of Communicable Disease Control Geographical and environmental factors driving the increase in the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis
F. F. Pruski Federal University of Viçosa Department of Agricultural Engineering Runoff and soil-loss responses to changes in precipitation: A computer simulation study Expected climate change impacts on soil erosion rates: A review Climate-induced changes in erosion during the 21st century for eight U.S. locations
Carla Pruzzo University of Genoa Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences (DISTAV) University of Genoa Department for the Study of the Territory and its Resources DIPTERIS Long-term effects of ocean warming on the prokaryotic community: Evidence from the vibrios Ocean Warming and Spread of Pathogenic Vibrios in the Aquatic Environment
Sara C. Pryor 0000-0003-4847-3440 National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee Indiana University Bloomington Atmospheric Science Program Indiana University Bloomington Department of Geography Indiana University Bloomington Department of Geological Sciences Indiana University Bloomington Cornell University Understanding Climate Change: ... Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves nca3 chapter 18 : Midwest Wind speed trends over the contiguous United States Climate Change in the Midwest:... How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? Development of daily precipitation projections for the United States based on probabilistic downscaling Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment nca4 chapter 4 : Energy Supply, Delivery, and Demand High-resolution projections of climate-related risks for the Midwestern USA
Rachel Przeslawski Geoscience Australia Forecasting marine invasions under climate change: Biotic interactions and demographic processes matter
Norbert P. Psuty 0000-0002-4239-1818 New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Sandy Hook Cooperative Research Programs Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences Barrier Islands: Coupling Anthropogenic Stability with Ecological Sustainability Responding to coastal change: Creation of a regional approach to monitoring and management, northeastern region, U.S.A
Bing Pu National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Princeton University Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences The University of Texas at Austin Department of Geological Sciences Early warning of summer drought over Texas and the south central United States: spring conditions as a harbinger of summer drought Projection of American dustiness in the late 21st century due to climate change
Katie Puckett Katie Puckett Design for Climate Change...
Carolyn Pucko The University of Vermont Department of Plant Biology A rapid upward shift of a forest ecotone during 40 years of warming in the Green Mountains of Vermont
Robin C. Puett Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health Exposure to particulate air pollution and cognitive decline in older women
Klaus J. Puettmann Oregon State University Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society From management to stewardship: Viewing forests as complex adaptive systems in an uncertain world
Jeffrey Pugh National Oceanography Centre New data systems and products at the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level
Scott A. Pugh U.S. Forest Service Forest Resources of the United States, 2007. General Technical Report WO-78
Thomas A. M. Pugh 0000-0002-6242-7371 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research University of Birmingham School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences Greening of the Earth and its drivers Climate analogues suggest limited potential for intensification of production on current croplands under climate change Assessing agricultural risks of climate change in the 21st century in a global gridded crop model intercomparison Consistent negative response of US crops to high temperatures in observations and crop models Regional disparities in the beneficial effects of rising CO2 concentrations on crop water productivity
Lilian Pukk 0000-0001-9653-8291 Estonian University of Life Sciences Department of Aquaculture Parasite infection and decreased thermal tolerance: Impact of proliferative kidney disease on a wild salmonid fish in the context of climate change
Jose Pulido Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Department of Surgery Division of Urology Assessment of the combination of temperature and relative humidity on kidney stone presentations
Manuel Pulido-Velazquez 0000-0001-7009-6130 Polytechnic University of Valencia Research Institute of Water and Environmental Engineering University of California, Davis Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics University of California, Davis Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems Climate Warming and Water Management Adaptation for California
Juliet R.C. Pulliam 0000-0003-3314-8223 National Institutes of Health Fogarty International Center University of Florida Department of Biology University of Florida Emerging Pathogens Institute A systematic review of mathematical models of mosquito-borne pathogen transmission: 1970-2010
Alexander Pulsipher Clark University George Perkins Marsh Institute Clark University Graduate School of Geography A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science
Trenton C. Pulsipher Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Impacts of climate change on energy consumption and peak demand in buildings: A detailed regional approach 21st century United States emissions mitigation could increase water stress more than the climate change it is mitigating
Roger S. Pulwarty National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth System Research Laboratory National Integrated Drought Information System National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration The University of the West Indies Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences CIRES The Nature Conservancy Drought and Water Crises: Inte... nca4 chapter 28 : Reducing Risks through Adaptation Actions Climate change and water resources management: A federal perspective. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1331 Climate Change, Drought and Early Warning on Western Native Lands Workshop Report Decadal Prediction Caribbean islands in a changing climate Adaptation challenges in complex rivers around the world: The Guadiana and the Colorado Basins 20.18: Climate Risk Management Organizations nca4 chapter 20 : U.S. Caribbean National Climate Assessment Indicators: Background, Development, and Examples. A Technical Input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment Report. Drought Preparedness for Tribes in the Four Corners Region. Report from April 2010 Workshop. Tucson, AZ: Climate Assessment for the Southwest. 3.1: Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disaster Events in the United States Hurricanes: Climate and Socioe... nca4 chapter 3 : Water
Michael J. Puma Columbia University Center for Climate Systems Research Goddard Institute for Space Studies Effects of irrigation on global climate during the 20th century Irrigation as an historical climate forcing
Jonathan W. Pundsack University of New Hampshire Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations
Caleb Pungowiyi Caleb Pungowiyi Indigenous frameworks for observing and responding to climate change in Alaska
Andre E. Punt University of Washington School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences Multi-model inference for incorporating trophic and climate uncertainty into stock assessments Evaluating the impact of ocean acidification on fishery yields and profits: The example of red king crab in Bristol Bay A comparison of fisheries biological reference points estimated from temperature-specific multi-species and single-species climate-enhanced stock assessment models Effects of long-term exposure to ocean acidification conditions on future southern Tanner crab (Chionoecetes bairdi) fisheries management
Anthony Purcell 0000-0001-5289-3902 The Australian National University Research School of Earth Sciences Sea level and global ice volumes from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene
Kevin M. Purcell National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Southeast Fisheries Science Center Beaufort Laboratory Fleet behavior is responsive to a large-scale environmental disturbance: Hypoxia effects on the spatial dynamics of the northern Gulf of Mexico shrimp fishery
Deepa S. Pureswaran Canadian Forest Service Laurentian Forestry Centre Climate-induced changes in host tree–insect phenology may drive ecological state-shift in boreal forests
Ariaan Purich Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Marine and Atmospheric Research Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Oceans and Atmosphere Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus Factors contributing to record-breaking heat waves over the Great Plains during the 1930s Dust Bowl
David R. Purkey National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Stockholm Environment Institute - US Center University of Washington School of Oceanography Department of Physical Oceanography Water Management Adaptations to Prevent Loss of Spring-Run Chinook Salmon in California under Climate Change Warming of global abyssal and deep Southern Ocean waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to global heat and sea level rise budgets Climate warming, water storage, and Chinook salmon in California’s Sacramento Valley Robust analysis of future climate change impacts on water for agriculture and other sectors: a case study in the Sacramento Valley
Joseph L. Purswell U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Poultry Research Unit Physiological responses of feedlot heifers provided access to different levels of shade
Karis Puruncajas University of Washington Urban Ecology Research Laboratory Snohomish Basin 2060 Scenarios. Adapting to an Uncertain Future. Decision Support for Long Term Provision of Ecosystem Services in the Snohomish Basin, WA.
Drew W. Purves Microsoft Research Cambridge Computational Ecology and Environmental Science Group Quantifying variation in forest disturbance, and its effects on aboveground biomass dynamics, across the eastern United States
Ari Pussinen European Forest Institute EFI Managing carbon sinks by changing rotation length in European forests