People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Robert Krueger Worcester Polytechnic Institute second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 4 : Understanding Urban Carbon Fluxes
Andries C. Kruger South African Weather Service Global review and synthesis of trends in observed terrestrial near-surface wind speeds: Implications for evaporation
Chad Kruger Washington State University Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources Assessment of climate change impact on Eastern Washington agriculture
Jens C. Kruger SPC Geoscience Division GSD Widespread inundation of Pacific islands triggered by distant-source wind-waves
Frank Krüger ELbtalANAlyse Water Soil Monitoring ELANA The situation of PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs after the flooding of River Elbe and Mulde in 2002
K. Krüger University of Kiel Leibniz Institute of Marine Science Bi-decadal variability excited in the coupled ocean–atmosphere system by strong tropical volcanic eruptions
Michael C. Kruk ERT, Inc National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center STG, Inc. Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS) nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves nca4 chapter 8 : Coastal Effects Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4
Paul B. Krummel 0000-0002-4884-3678 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Atmospheric Research Evidence for variability of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals over the past quarter century
Thomas Krumpen 0000-0001-6234-8756 Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research Sea ice [in Arctic Report Card 2016]
Sagar Krupa University of Minnesota Department of Plant Pathology The Ozone Component of Global Change: Potential Effects on Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Yield, Product Quality and Interactions with Invasive Species
Alan J. Krupnick Resources for the Future Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation
Igor Krupnik National Museum of Natural History Arctic Studies Center The Earth Is Faster Now: Indig... Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge
Gregory A. Kruse Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Floods of September 2010 in Southern Minnesota, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5045
James J. Kruse U.S. Forest Service State and Private Forestry Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems
John Kruse University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research Alaska Inupiat subsistence and wage employment patterns: Understanding individual choice
Paul D. Krushelnycky University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Climate-associated population declines reverse recovery and threaten future of an iconic high-elevation plant
Paul J. Krusic Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability & the Global Environment Global Consequences of Land Use Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations El Niño in a changing climate
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Indigenous Peoples' food syste... Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Anatomy of an Extreme Event Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones -.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Redesigning Flood Insurance Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk management and climate change nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA At War with the Weather: Manag...
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Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
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Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change
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