People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Michael C. Kruk Earth Resource Technology Inc National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center STG, Inc. nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves nca4 chapter 8 : Coastal Effects On the state of the knowledge of rainfall extremes in the western and northern Pacific basin When El Niño rages: How satellite data can help water-stressed islands Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS)
Kristen M. Krumhardt 0000-0002-8980-056X University of Colorado Boulder Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research INSTAAR University of Colorado Boulder Environmental Studies Program Avoidable impacts of ocean warming on marine primary production: Insights from the CESM ensembles
Paul B. Krummel 0000-0002-4884-3678 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Atmospheric Research Evidence for variability of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals over the past quarter century
Thomas Krumpen 0000-0001-6234-8756 Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research Sea ice [in Arctic Report Card 2016]
Sagar Krupa University of Minnesota Department of Plant Pathology The Ozone Component of Global Change: Potential Effects on Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Yield, Product Quality and Interactions with Invasive Species
Alan J. Krupnick Resources for the Future Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector
Igor Krupnik National Museum of Natural History Arctic Studies Center Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge The Earth Is Faster Now: Indig...
Gregory A. Kruse Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Floods of September 2010 in Southern Minnesota, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5045
James J. Kruse U.S. Forest Service State and Private Forestry Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems
John Kruse University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research Alaska Inupiat subsistence and wage employment patterns: Understanding individual choice
William A. Kruse Kruse Imaging Emergent crowns and light-use complementarity lead to global maximum biomass and leaf area in Sequoia sempervirens forests
Paul D. Krushelnycky University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Climate-associated population declines reverse recovery and threaten future of an iconic high-elevation plant
Paul J. Krusic 0000-0001-5358-9697 Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
Loeske E. B. Kruuk The Australian National University Research School of Biology University of Edinburgh Institute of Evolutionary Biology Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels
Michael Ku New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Bureau of Air Quality Analysis and Research Simulating changes in regional air pollution over the eastern United States due to changes in global and regional climate and emissions
Stevenson Kuartei Republic of Palau Ministry of Health An assessment of non-communicable diseases, diabetes, and related risk factors in the Republic of Palau: A systems perspective
Rick Kubian Parks Canada Lake Louise, Yoho and Kootenay Field Unit Resource Conservation Temperate and boreal forest mega-fires: Characteristics and challenges
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Ida Kubiszewski 0000-0003-3264-7899 The Australian National University Crawford School of Public Policy Changes in the global value of ecosystem services
Kerstin A. Kübler Swedish Museum of Natural History European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity Global Consequences of Land Use
Lauren M. Kucirka Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Department of Surgery Assessing the global threat from Zika virus
Raphael M. Kudela 0000-0002-8640-1205 University of California, Santa Cruz Department of Ocean Sciences University of California, Santa Cruz Institute of Marine Sciences Harmful algal blooms along the North American west coast region: History, trends, causes, and impacts State of the California Current 2016-2017: Still anything but “normal” in the north An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions Initial skill assessment of the California Harmful Algae Risk Mapping (C-HARM) system
Matthias Kudella Coastal Research Center Wave attenuation over coastal salt marshes under storm surge conditions
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Christoph Kueffer ETH Zurich Department of Environmental Systems Science ETH Zurich Institute of Integrative Biology Managing the whole landscape: historical, hybrid, and novel ecosystems
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Frans Kuenen VU University Amsterdam Department of Ecological Science Adapt or disperse: Understanding species persistence in a changing world
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Lara M. Kueppers 0000-0002-8134-3579 University of California, Merced School of Natural Sciences Biophysical considerations in forestry for climate protection
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute El Niño in a changing climate Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Daniel Kugler Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service Enhancing conservation on agricultural landscapes: A new direction for the Conservation Effects Assessment Project
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Ingolf Kühn German Centre of Integrative Biodiversity Research iDiv Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research Department of Community Ecology Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Department of Geobotany and Botanical Garden No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment CINE McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Food security in Nunavut, Canada: Barriers and recommendations Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity Indigenous Peoples' food syste...
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps
Jan J. Kuiper 0000-0002-6655-9355 Netherlands Institute of Ecology Department of Aquatic Ecology How models can support ecosystem-based management of coral reefs
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Causes of the 2011–14 California drought A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Anatomy of an Extreme Event Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Integrating risks of climate change into water management Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk management and climate change A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Redesigning Flood Insurance Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action At War with the Weather: Manag... Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions At War with the Weather: Manag...
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