People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Yusri Yusuf Caribbean Corals in Crisis: Record Thermal Stress, Bleaching, and Mortality in 2005
V. Yusupov Extensive Methane Venting to the Atmosphere from Sediments of the East Siberian Arctic Shelf
Boaz Yuval Harvard School of Public Health Department of Tropical Public Health Duration and regulation of the developmental cycle of Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae)
Rachel Y.-W. Chang 0000-0003-2337-098X Dalhousie University Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science Harvard University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Methane emissions from Alaska in 2012 from CARVE airborne observations Cold season emissions dominate the Arctic tundra methane budget
Jeffrey E. Zabel Tufts University Department of Economics The demand for housing services
Richard W. Zabel 0000-0003-2315-0629 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Northwest Fisheries Science Center Using Time Series Analysis to Characterize Evolutionary and Plastic Responses to Environmental Change: A Case Study of a Shift toward Earlier Migration Date in Sockeye Salmon
James C. Zachos 0000-0001-8439-1886 University of California, Santa Cruz University of California, Santa Cruz Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification Rapid and sustained surface ocean acidification during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity Anthropogenic carbon release rate unprecedented during the past 66 million years
Sönke Zaehle 0000-0001-5602-7956 Laboratory of Climate and Environmental Sciences LSCE Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Carbon and nitrogen cycle dynamics in the O-CN land surface model: 1. Model description, site-scale evaluation, and sensitivity to parameter estimates Modelling the role of agriculture for the 20th century global terrestrial carbon balance Terrestrial nitrogen feedbacks may accelerate future climate change Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply
Durwood Zaelke Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development The importance of phasing down hydrofluorocarbons and other short-lived climate pollutants
Matthias Zahn 0000-0003-0137-2853 University of Reading Environmental Science Research Division Regional climate models add value to global model data: A review and selected examples
Hatice S. Zahran National Center for Environmental Health National Center for Health Statistics National Surveillance of Asthma: United States, 2001-2010 Trends in Asthma Prevalence, Health Care Use, and Mortality in the United States, 2001–2010. NCHS Data Brief. No. 94, May 2012
Julia Zaias Recreational exposure to aerosolized brevetoxins during Florida red tide events
Benjamin F. Zaitchik Johns Hopkins University Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Heat waves in the United States: Definitions, patterns and trends
Yuvenaly P. Zaitsev National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Institute of Biology of Southern Seas Odessa Branch Recent changes in the trophic structure of the Black Sea
Lauren Zajac 0000-0001-5307-903X Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai National Center for Environmental Health Acute gastrointestinal illness following a prolonged community-wide water emergency
Victor F. Zakharov Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute AARI Arctic climate change: observed and modelled temperature and sea-ice variability Global warming and Northern Hemisphere sea ice extent
Maha Zakhour University of Nantes INSERM U892 Distribution in tissue and seasonal variation of norovirus genogroup I and II ligands in oysters
Harold S. J. Zald U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Recent climate warming forces contrasting growth responses of white spruce at treeline in Alaska through temperature thresholds
Katarzyna Zamelczyk University of Tromsø Faculty of Science and Technology Department of Geosciences Enhanced modern heat transfer to the Arctic by warm Atlantic water
Andrew Zammit-Mangion 0000-0002-4164-6866 National Institute for Applied Statistics Research Australia Centre for Environmental Informatics University of Bristol School of Geographical Sciences Spatial and temporal Antarctic Ice Sheet mass trends, glacio-isostatic adjustment, and surface processes from a joint inversion of satellite altimeter, gravity, and GPS data
Craig D. Zamuda 0000-0002-1163-5365 U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Office of Policy U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis nca4 chapter 4 : Energy Supply, Delivery, and Demand 4.1: Potential Impacts from Extreme Weather and Climate Change 4.4: Examples of Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies 4.3: Electricity Generation from Selected Fuels 4.2: Projected Changes in Energy Expenditures A review of climate change vulnerability assessments: Current practices and lessons learned from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Partnership for Energy Sector Climate Resilience 4.5: Energy Sector Resilience Solutions
D. Zanchettin Max Planck Institute for Meteorology Max Planck Institute for Meteorology Ocean in the Earth System Department Bi-decadal variability excited in the coupled ocean–atmosphere system by strong tropical volcanic eruptions Enhanced 20th-century heat transfer to the Arctic simulated in the context of climate variations over the last millennium
Giuliana Zanchi Joanneum Research Is woody bioenergy carbon neutral? A comparative assessment of emissions from consumption of woody bioenergy and fossil fuel
David Zane Texas Department of State Health Services Analysis of flood fatalities in Texas
Arthur R. Zangerl University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Entomology Leaf temperature of soybean grown under elevated CO2 increases Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) population growth
Amy E. Zanne The George Washington University Department of Biological Sciences Missouri Botanical Garden Center for Conservation and Sustainable Development Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought
Antonella Zanobetti Harvard School of Public Health Environmental Epidemiology Program Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Harvard School of Public Health Department of Environmental Health Comparing exposure metrics for classifying ‘dangerous heat’ in heat wave and health warning systems Effect modification of ozone-related mortality risks by temperature in 97 US cities Who is more affected by ozone pollution? A systematic review and meta-analysis Preventing heat-related morbidity and mortality: New approaches in a changing climate Modifiers of the Temperature and Mortality Association in Seven US Cities Summer temperature variability and long-term survival among elderly people with chronic disease Disparities by Race in Heat-Related Mortality in Four US Cities: The Role of Air Conditioning Prevalence Diabetes Enhances Vulnerability to Particulate Air Pollution-Associated Impairment in Vascular Reactivity and Endothelial Function
Shelley Zansky New York State Department of Health Incidence and trends of infection with pathogens transmitted commonly through food--Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network, 10 U.S. sites, 2006-2013
Giuseppe Zappa 0000-0003-4306-7451 National Centre for Atmospheric Science University of Reading Department of Meteorology A multimodel assessment of future projections of North Atlantic and European extratropical cyclones in the CMIP5 climate models
Azar Zarrin Ferdowsi University of Mashhad The role of ice cover in heavy lake-effect snowstorms over the Great Lakes Basin as simulated by RegCM4
Colin M. Zarzycki National Center for Atmospheric Research University of Michigan Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Projecting 21st century snowpack trends in western USA mountains using variable-resolution CESM
Jorge A. Zavala 0000-0001-6265-0920 National Council for Scientific and Technical Research Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina University of Buenos Aires Chair of Biochemistry Leaf temperature of soybean grown under elevated CO2 increases Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) population growth
Erika S. Zavaleta 0000-0002-1769-6492 University of California, Santa Cruz Department of Environmental Studies Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: An Assessment of Adaptation Strategies and Scenario Development for Resource Managers. Publication number: CEC-500-2012-027 Harnessing nature to help people adapt to climate change Boreal Fire Effects on Subsistence Resources in Alaska and Adjacent Canada Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: A review of 22 years of recommendations
Christian Zdanowicz 0000-0002-1045-5063 Geological Survey of Canada Reconstructed changes in Arctic sea ice over the past 1,450 years
Charles H. Zeanah 0000-0002-7004-6819 Tulane University Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Institute of Infant & Early Childhood Mental Health Reconsideration of harm's way: Onsets and comorbidity patterns of disorders in preschool children and their caregivers following Hurricane Katrina
Paul H. Zedler Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum Large, high-intensity fire events in southern California shrublands: debunking the fine-grain age patch model
Richard E. Zeebe University of Hawai’i at Mānoa University of Hawai’i at Manoa Department of Oceanography University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology Rapid and sustained surface ocean acidification during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification Anthropogenic carbon release rate unprecedented during the past 66 million years Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity
M. J. Zeeman Progress and challenges in using stable isotopes to trace plant carbon and water relations across scales
Stephan I. Zeeman University of New England Physical forcing and nutrient conditions associated with patterns of Chl a and phytoplankton productivity in the southeastern Bering Sea during summer
Harrison B. Zeff The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering Managing water utility financial risks through third-party index insurance contracts
Scott L. Zeger 0000-0001-8907-1603 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Department of Biostatistics Ozone and short-term mortality in 95 US urban communities, 1987-2000
Joseph A. Zehnder Creighton University Department of Atmospheric Sciences Contribution of Land Use Changes to Near-Surface Air Temperatures during Recent Summer Extreme Heat Events in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area
Rebekah Zehnder Texas A&M Forest Service Forest Resource Development and Sustainable Forestry Tree mortality from an exceptional drought spanning mesic to semiarid ecoregions
Louis D. Zeidberg University of California, Los Angeles Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Natural intrusions of hypoxic, low pH water into nearshore marine environments on the California coast
Sara L. Zeigler 0000-0002-5472-769X U.S. Geological Survey nca4 chapter 18 : Northeast 18.14: Plover Case Study
Lauren Zeise California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment Cumulative Impacts: Building a Scientific Foundation Implications of global climate change for the assessment and management of human health risks of chemicals in the natural environment
Judith T. Zelikoff New York University School of Medicine Department of Environmental Medicine New York University School of Medicine Woodsmoke health effects: A review Atmospheric Brown Clouds: Regional Assessment Report with Focus on Asia
Mark D. Zelinka 0000-0002-6570-5445 Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison Evidence for climate change in the satellite cloud record
Dirk Zeller Sea Around Us University of British Columbia Fisheries Centre Large-scale redistribution of maximum fisheries catch potential in the global ocean under climate change
Sandra Zellmer University of Nebraska-Lincoln College of Law Managed Relocation: Integrating the Scientific, Regulatory, and Ethical Challenges
Mark Zeman Surdex Corporation 21.11: Meramec River Flooding photo v2
Katie Zemlick Sandia National Laboratories University of New Mexico Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering Water supply as a constraint on transmission expansion planning in the Western interconnection Geographic footprint of electricity use for water services in the western U.S
Michael Zemp 0000-0003-2391-7877 World Glacier Monitoring Service University of Zurich Department of Geography Global Glacier Change Bulletin No. 2 (2014-2015) Indicator: Arctic Glacier Mass Balance 1: Arctic Glacier Mass Balance 1: Arctic Glacier Mass Balance Indicator: Arctic Glacier Mass Balance
Charles S. Zender 0000-0003-0129-8024 University of California, Irvine University of California, Irvine Department of Earth System Science Climate controls on valley fever incidence in Kern County, California Climate effect of black carbon aerosol in a Tibetan Plateau glacier Springtime warming and reduced snow cover from carbonaceous particles Recent Northern Hemisphere tropical expansion primarily driven by black carbon and tropospheric ozone
Fanrong Zeng National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory A link between the hiatus in global warming and North American drought On the seasonal forecasting of regional tropical cyclone activity Investigating the influence of anthropogenic forcing and natural variability on the 2014 Hawaiian hurricane season [in “Explaining Extreme Events of 2014 from a Climate Perspective”] Extreme North America winter storm season of 2013/14: Roles of radiative forcing and the global warming hiatus [in “Explaining Extreme Events of 2014 from a Climate Perspective”] Multimodel assessment of regional surface temperature trends: CMIP3 and CMIP5 twentieth-century simulations The North Atlantic Oscillation as a driver of rapid climate change in the Northern Hemisphere The central role of ocean dynamics in connecting the North Atlantic Oscillation to the extratropical component of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Volcanic signals in oceans
Guang Zeng National Centre for Atmospheric Science National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research University of Cambridge Department of Chemistry Centre for Atmospheric Science Climate/chemistry feedbacks and biogenic emissions Impacts of climate change, ozone recovery, and increasing methane on surface ozone and the tropospheric oxidizing capacity Global air quality and climate
Hongcheng Zeng Tulane University Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Hurricane Katrina's carbon footprint on U.S. Gulf Coast forests
Ning Zeng University of Maryland, College Park Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science University of Maryland, College Park Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center Global carbon budget 2014 Global patterns and controls of soil organic carbon dynamics as simulated by multiple terrestrial biosphere models: Current status and future directions Carbon cycle uncertainty in the Alaskan Arctic Agricultural green revolution as a driver of increasing atmospheric CO2 seasonal amplitude
Xubin Zeng 0000-0001-7352-2764 Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Influence on severe storm development of irrigated land
John I. Zerbe U.S. Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory Thermal energy, electricity, and transportation fuels from wood
Sarah Zerbonne ICF U.S. Global Change Research Program nca4 chapter 14 : Human Health nca4 chapter 28 : Reducing Risks through Adaptation Actions nca4 chapter 13 : Air Quality
Chris E. Zervas National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Ocean Service Sea Level Rise and Nuisance Flood Frequency Changes Around the United States Sea Level Variations of the United States 1854–1999, NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 36 Cool-season sea level anomalies and storm surges along the U.S. East Coast: Climatology and comparison with the 2009/10 El Niño Modelling sea level rise impacts on storm surges along US coasts
Haibo Zhai 0000-0001-8585-9559 Carnegie Mellon University Department of Engineering and Public Policy Water Use at Pulverized Coal Power Plants with Postcombustion Carbon Capture and Storage
P. Zhai Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation
Bowen Zhang Auburn University International Center for Climate and Global Change Research Global patterns and controls of soil organic carbon dynamics as simulated by multiple terrestrial biosphere models: Current status and future directions
Chunxi Zhang 0000-0001-5102-4713 International Pacific Research Center University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Atmospheric Sciences Dynamical downscaling of the climate for the Hawaiian Islands. Part II: Projection for the late twenty-first century
Dan Zhang Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences University of Hamburg Meteorological Institute Volcanoes and ENSO in millennium simulations: Global impacts and regional reconstructions in East Asia
Dongxiao Zhang 0000-0003-4720-7503 Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Oceans JISAO National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Influence of African dust on ocean-atmosphere variability in the tropical Atlantic Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) in CMIP5 models: RCP and historical simulations
Fangmin Zhang Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Agricultural Meteorology Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology College of Applied Meteorology University of Toronto Department of Geography Attributing carbon changes in conterminous U.S. forests to disturbance and non-disturbance factors from 1901 to 2010
Feng Zhang Georgia Institute of Technology Georgia Water Resources Institute Climate Variability and Change Assessment for the ACF River Basin, Southeast US. Georgia Water Resources Institute (GWRI) Technical Report sponsored by NOAA, USGS, and Georgia EPD
Fuqing Zhang 0000-0003-4860-9985 Texas A&M University College Station Extreme rainfall in Texas: Patterns and predictability
Guang J. Zhang Scripps Institution of Oceanography A decomposition of feedback contributions to polar warming amplification
Guo Zhang China Meteorological Administration Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences National Center for Atmospheric Research Climate change impacts on the water balance of the Colorado Headwaters: High-resolution regional climate model simulations
Guodong Zhang Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Center for Food Safety Heat and drought stress during growth of lettuce ( Lactuca sativa L.) does not promote internalization of Escherichia coli O157: H7
Haiying Zhang State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science Finer resolution observation and monitoring of global land cover: first mapping results with Landsat TM and ETM+ data
Han Zhang Chinese Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modelling Finer resolution observation and monitoring of global land cover: first mapping results with Landsat TM and ETM+ data
Huai-Min Zhang National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Possible Artifacts of Data Biases in the Recent Global Surface Warming Hiatus Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Version 4 (ERSST.v4). Part I: Upgrades and intercomparisons
J. Zhang State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research Dynamics and distribution of natural and human-caused hypoxia Evidence for greater oxygen decline rates in the coastal ocean than in the open ocean
Jan Zhang University of Saskatchewan Department of Biology Long-term patterns of dissolved organic carbon in lakes across eastern Canada: Evidence of a pronounced climate effect
Jiahua Zhang Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Earth Observation and Digital Earth Sunshine dimming and brightening in Chinese cities (1955-2011) was driven by air pollution rather than clouds
Jia-Zhong Zhang 0000-0002-1138-2556 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Changes in Ocean Heat, Carbon Content, and Ventilation: A Review of the First Decade of GO-SHIP Global Repeat Hydrography
Jinlun Zhang University of Washington Applied Physics Laboratory Polar Science Center Uncertainty in modeled Arctic sea ice volume The thinning of Arctic sea ice, 1988–2003: Have we passed a tipping point? CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Kai Zhang University of Michigan Department of Environmental Health Sciences University of Michigan Department of Epidemiology The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Southwest Center for Occupational and Environmental Health Spatiotemporal analysis of heat and heat wave effects on elderly mortality in Texas, 2006–2011 Comparing exposure metrics for classifying ‘dangerous heat’ in heat wave and health warning systems
Ke Zhang 0000-0001-5288-9372 Harvard University Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology University of Montana Flathead Lake Biological Station University of Montana Numerical Terradynamic Simulation Group Changing freeze-thaw seasons in northern high latitudes and associated influences on evapotranspiration Satellite detection of increasing Northern Hemisphere non-frozen seasons from 1979 to 2008: Implications for regional vegetation growth Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply
Keqi Zhang Florida International University Department of Earth and Environment Florida International University International Hurricane Research Center Barrier Island Population along the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf Coasts
L. Zhang California Department of Public Health Environmental Health Investigations Branch Site Assessment Section The relationship of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions to the southern California wildfires of 2003
Lei Zhang University of Maryland, College Park Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering The analysis of transit-oriented development (TOD) in Washington, D.C. and Baltimore metropolitan areas
Lening Zhang National Jewish Medical and Research Center Department of Medicine University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics Wildfire smoke and respiratory symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Lin Zhang 0000-0003-2383-8431 Harvard University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Peking University Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Laboratory for Climate and Ocean-Atmosphere Sciences Sources contributing to background surface ozone in the US Intermountain West
Liping Zhang National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory The central role of ocean dynamics in connecting the North Atlantic Oscillation to the extratropical component of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation The North Atlantic Oscillation as a driver of rapid climate change in the Northern Hemisphere A global perspective on CMIP5 climate model biases
Lu Zhang Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Land and Water Potential climate change effects on groundwater recharge in the High Plains Aquifer, USA
Ming Zhang The University of Texas at Austin Can transit-oriented development reduce peak-hour congestion?
Minghua Zhang 0000-0003-1378-4652 University of California, Davis Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources Climatic Changes Lead to Declining Winter Chill for Fruit and Nut Trees in California during 1950–2099 Climate change sensitivity assessment of streamflow and agricultural pollutant transport in California's Central Valley using Latin hypercube sampling
Minghua H. Zhang State University of New York at Stony Brook School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences State University of New York at Stony Brook Historical evaluation and future prediction of eastern North American and western Atlantic extratropical cyclones in the CMIP5 models during the cool season SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations
Mingliang Zhang University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Center for Rural Mental Healthcare Research Treatment of Depression in Rural Arkansas: Policy Implications for Improving Care
Ni Zhang Evidence for interannual variability of the carbon cycle from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory Global Air Sampling Network
Ping Zhang Earth Resource Technology Inc NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Hydrospheric, Biospheric and Geophysics Division Remote sensing of the urban heat island effect across biomes in the continental USA
Rong Zhang 0000-0002-8493-6556 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory A new method for attributing climate variations over the Atlantic Hurricane Basin's main development region Have Aerosols Caused the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability? Fram Strait sea ice export variability and September Arctic sea ice extent over the last 80 years The North Atlantic Oscillation as a driver of rapid climate change in the Northern Hemisphere Enhanced warming of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean under climate change Prospects for a prolonged slowdown in global warming in the early 21st century Large fluctuations of dissolved oxygen in the Indian and Pacific oceans during Dansgaard–Oeschger oscillations caused by variations of North Atlantic Deep Water subduction Comment on “The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation without a role for ocean circulation” The central role of ocean dynamics in connecting the North Atlantic Oscillation to the extratropical component of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation
Shaoqing Zhang 0000-0003-4085-9023 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory On the seasonal forecasting of regional tropical cyclone activity Reduced interdecadal variability of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation under global warming An extreme event of sea-level rise along the Northeast coast of North America in 2009–2010
Tao Zhang Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth System Research Laboratory Earth System Research Laboratory Physical Sciences Division University of Colorado Boulder Was there a basis for anticipating the 2010 Russian heat wave? The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Forced atmospheric teleconnections during 1979–2014 Anatomy of an Extreme Event