People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Anatomy of an Extreme Event Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 2.8: Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Redesigning Flood Insurance At War with the Weather: Manag... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions At War with the Weather: Manag... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Risk management and climate change Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
Kristin Kuntz-Duriseti Climate Change Science and Pol...
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Tom Kurkowski University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
D. Kurz Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits
Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis Quantifying the biophysical climate change mitigation potential of Canada's forest sector Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data
Jürgen Kusche 0000-0001-7069-021X University of Bonn Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Revisiting the contemporary sea-level budget on global and regional scales
Paul Kushner 0000-0002-6404-4518 University of Toronto Department of Physics The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability
Yochanan Kushnir 0000-0003-3312-5160 Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Have Aerosols Caused the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability? Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic Variation of the North Atlantic subtropical high western ridge and its implication to Southeastern US summer precipitation Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the Dust Bowl drought? Climate change in the Fertile Crescent and implications of the recent Syrian drought Influence of local and remote SST on North Atlantic tropical cyclone potential intensity
William P. Kustas 0000-0001-5727-4350 U.S. Department of Agriculture Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory Remote Sensing of the Terrestr...
M. Deniz Kustu Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Evidence of enhanced precipitation due to irrigation over the Great Plains of the United States
Lynn Kutner Precious Heritage: The Status ...
Nancy G. Kutner Emory University Department of Emergency Medicine United States Renal Data System Rehabilitation/Quality of Life Special Studies Center Missed dialysis sessions and hospitalization in hemodialysis patients after Hurricane Katrina
Werner L. Kutsch Johann Heinrich von Thunen-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Institute of Agricultural Climate Research Influence of spring and autumn phenological transitions on forest ecosystem productivity
Johan Carl Ivar Kuylenstierna Stockholm Environmental Institute University of York Environment Department Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Alan Kuzirian Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Geology and Geophysics Extensive dissolution of live pteropods in the Southern Ocean
Svetlana I. Kuzmina Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center NIERC Surface air temperature variability and trends in the Arctic: New amplification assessment and regionalisation Arctic climate change: observed and modelled temperature and sea-ice variability
Jens Kværner Bioforsk Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Keith A. Kvenvolden U.S. Geological Survey Methane hydrate — A major reservoir of carbon in the shallow geosphere?
Jaap Kwadijk 0000-0003-2980-2464 Deltares Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta—the Netherlands as an example
Mary Kwart Mary Kwart Vulnerability and adaptation to climate-related fire impacts in rural and urban interior Alaska
Alison G. Kwok University of Oregon School of Architecture and Environment Department of Architecture Addressing climate change in comfort standards
Jeffrey Kwok The Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of Medicine and Therapeutics Recurrent heat-related illnesses during antipsychotic treatment
Ronald Kwok 0000-0003-4051-5896 California Institute of Technology NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Wind-driven trends in Antarctic sea-ice drift Decline in Arctic sea ice thickness from submarine and ICESat records: 1958-2008 CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume The thinning of Arctic sea ice Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations Changing Arctic Ocean freshwater pathways Toward quantifying the increasing role of oceanic heat in sea ice loss in the new Arctic Uncertainty in modeled Arctic sea ice volume
Hyun Han Kwon 0000-0003-4465-2708 Chonbuk National University Department of Civil Engineering Columbia Water Center The future role of dams in the United States of America
MinHo Kwon 0000-0002-5298-131X University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Meteorology El Niño in a changing climate
Oh-Sung Kwon University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Bridge damage and repair costs from Hurricane Katrina
Young‐Oh Kwon 0000-0002-1241-2817 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Physical Oceanography The role of atmospheric forcing versus ocean advection during the extreme warming of the Northeast U.S. continental shelf in 2012
Amy D. Kyle University of California, Berkeley Environmental Health Sciences Division Understanding the cumulative impacts of inequalities in environmental health: Implications for policy
G. Page Kyle Joint Global Change Research Institute Pacific Northwest National Laboratory University of Maryland, College Park Effects of long-term climate change on global building energy expenditures Water demands for electricity generation in the U.S.: Modeling different scenarios for the water–energy nexus Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks RCP4.5: a pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100 2.6: Limiting climate change to 450 ppm CO2 equivalent in the 21st century Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: initial experiments using GCAM Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: A multi-model comparison