People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation
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