People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Paul B. Krummel 0000-0002-4884-3678 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Atmospheric Research Evidence for variability of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals over the past quarter century
Thomas Krumpen 0000-0001-6234-8756 Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research Sea ice [in Arctic Report Card 2016]
Sagar Krupa University of Minnesota Department of Plant Pathology The Ozone Component of Global Change: Potential Effects on Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Yield, Product Quality and Interactions with Invasive Species
Alan J. Krupnick Resources for the Future Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation
Igor Krupnik National Museum of Natural History Arctic Studies Center Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge The Earth Is Faster Now: Indig...
Gregory A. Kruse Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Floods of September 2010 in Southern Minnesota, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5045
James J. Kruse U.S. Forest Service State and Private Forestry Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems
John Kruse University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research Alaska Inupiat subsistence and wage employment patterns: Understanding individual choice
William A. Kruse Kruse Imaging Emergent crowns and light-use complementarity lead to global maximum biomass and leaf area in Sequoia sempervirens forests
Paul D. Krushelnycky University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Climate-associated population declines reverse recovery and threaten future of an iconic high-elevation plant
Paul J. Krusic 0000-0001-5358-9697 Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
Loeske E. B. Kruuk The Australian National University Research School of Biology University of Edinburgh Institute of Evolutionary Biology Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels
Michael Ku New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Bureau of Air Quality Analysis and Research Simulating changes in regional air pollution over the eastern United States due to changes in global and regional climate and emissions
Stevenson Kuartei Republic of Palau Ministry of Health An assessment of non-communicable diseases, diabetes, and related risk factors in the Republic of Palau: A systems perspective
Rick Kubian Parks Canada Lake Louise, Yoho and Kootenay Field Unit Resource Conservation Temperate and boreal forest mega-fires: Characteristics and challenges
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Ida Kubiszewski 0000-0003-3264-7899 The Australian National University Crawford School of Public Policy Changes in the global value of ecosystem services
Kerstin A. Kübler Swedish Museum of Natural History European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment Global Consequences of Land Use Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity
Lauren M. Kucirka Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Department of Surgery Assessing the global threat from Zika virus
Raphael M. Kudela 0000-0002-8640-1205 University of California, Santa Cruz Department of Ocean Sciences University of California, Santa Cruz Institute of Marine Sciences An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions Harmful algal blooms along the North American west coast region: History, trends, causes, and impacts Initial skill assessment of the California Harmful Algae Risk Mapping (C-HARM) system State of the California Current 2016-2017: Still anything but “normal” in the north
Matthias Kudella Coastal Research Center Wave attenuation over coastal salt marshes under storm surge conditions
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Christoph Kueffer ETH Zurich Department of Environmental Systems Science ETH Zurich Institute of Integrative Biology Managing the whole landscape: historical, hybrid, and novel ecosystems
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Frans Kuenen VU University Amsterdam Department of Ecological Science Adapt or disperse: Understanding species persistence in a changing world
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Lara M. Kueppers 0000-0002-8134-3579 University of California, Merced School of Natural Sciences Biophysical considerations in forestry for climate protection
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute El Niño in a changing climate Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Daniel Kugler Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service Enhancing conservation on agricultural landscapes: A new direction for the Conservation Effects Assessment Project
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Ingolf Kühn German Centre of Integrative Biodiversity Research iDiv Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research Department of Community Ecology Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Department of Geobotany and Botanical Garden No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment CINE McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Indigenous Peoples' food syste... Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity Food security in Nunavut, Canada: Barriers and recommendations
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback
Jan J. Kuiper 0000-0002-6655-9355 Netherlands Institute of Ecology Department of Aquatic Ecology How models can support ecosystem-based management of coral reefs
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Anatomy of an Extreme Event Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Integrating risks of climate change into water management Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days Probable maximum precipitation and climate change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk management and climate change Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Redesigning Flood Insurance A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
Kristin Kuntz-Duriseti Climate Change Science and Pol...
Michael Kunz 0000-0002-0202-9558 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders
Sofyan Kurnianto Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics
Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure