Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Sarah Kapnick 0000-0003-0979-3070 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Princeton University Princeton University Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Rapid attribution of the August 2016 flood-inducing extreme precipitation in south Louisiana to climate change Controls of global snow under a changed climate Managing living marine resources in a dynamic environment: The role of seasonal to decadal climate forecasts On the seasonal forecasting of regional tropical cyclone activity
Lauren Kapono Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands
Carrie Kappel 0000-0003-2507-8042 National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis Non-linearity in ecosystem services: temporal and spatial variability in coastal protection
Lydia Kapsenberg 0000-0002-7361-9061 University of California, Santa Barbara Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology Ocean pH time-series and drivers of variability along the northern Channel Islands, California, USA
Naim Kapucu 0000-0001-6163-5948 University of Central Florida Center for Public and Nonprofit Management CPNM Disaster preparedness and resilience for rural communities
S.K. Kar Regional Medical Research Centre, Bhubaneswar Rapid spread of chikungunya virus infection in Orissa: India
Bernd Kärcher 0000-0003-0278-4980 German Aerospace Center Institute of Atmospheric Physics DLR Global radiative forcing from contrail cirrus
Makan A. Karegar 0000-0001-7120-0649 University of South Florida School of Geosciences Subsidence along the Atlantic Coast of North America: Insights from GPS and late Holocene relative sea level data
Peter Kareiva National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee The Nature Conservancy Climate change's impact on key ecosystem services and the human well-being they support in the US Coastal habitats shield people and property from sea-level rise and storms U.S. Natural Resources and Climate Change: Concepts and Approaches for Management Adaptation Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and Ecosystem Services. Technical Input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity production, and tradeoffs at landscape scales SAP 4.4. Preliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources nca3 chapter 8 : Ecosystems, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment Projected climate-induced faunal change in the Western Hemisphere
Daria Karetnikov University of Maryland, College Park Center for Integrative Environmental Research The US Economic Impacts of Climate Change and the Costs of Inaction. A Review and Assessment by the Center for Integrative Environmental Research (CIER) at the University of Maryland
Tina Karimi Washington State University Department of Biological Systems Engineering Climate change and dryland wheat systems in the US Pacific Northwest Evaluating opportunities for an increased role of winter crops as adaptation to climate change in dryland cropping systems of the U.S. Inland Pacific Northwest
Y. Karimi-Zindashty Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Boreal lichen woodlands: A possible negative feedback to climate change in eastern North America
Anna Karion 0000-0002-6304-3513 Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences CIRES Earth System Research Laboratory Global Monitoring Division University of Colorado Boulder Methane emissions from Alaska in 2012 from CARVE airborne observations Cold season emissions dominate the Arctic tundra methane budget
Timo Karjalainen Finnish Forest Research Institute Joensuu Research Centre University of Eastern Finland Faculty of Science and Forestry Managing carbon sinks by changing rotation length in European forests
David M. Karl 0000-0002-6660-6721 Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education C-MORE University of Hawai’i at Manoa Department of Oceanography University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology Ecosystem structure and dynamics in the North Pacific subtropical gyre: New views of an old ocean Subtropical ocean ecosystem structure changes forced by North Pacific climate variations
Herman A. Karl Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Urban Studies and Planning U.S. Geological Survey University of New Hampshire A Dialogue, Not a Diatribe: Effective Integration of Science and Policy through Joint Fact Finding Restoring Lands - Coordinating...
Thomas Karl 0000-0003-2869-9426 National Center for Atmospheric Research National Center for Atmospheric Research Atmospheric Chemistry Division Emission factors for open and domestic biomass burning for use in atmospheric models Estimates of global terrestrial isoprene emissions using MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature)
Thomas R. Karl National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service NESDIS National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center A closer look at United States and global surface temperature change Possible Artifacts of Data Biases in the Recent Global Surface Warming Hiatus U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends SAP 3.3. Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate Contemporary Changes of the Hydrological Cycle over the Contiguous United States: Trends Derived from In Situ Observations The 1995 Chicago heat wave: How likely is a recurrence? Separating signal and noise in atmospheric temperature changes: The importance of timescale Modern Global Climate Change CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States Economic Growth in the Face of Weather and Climate Extremes: A Call for Better Data Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge Probable maximum precipitation and climate change Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States A Model to Estimate the Time of Observation Bias Associated with Monthly Mean Maximum, Minimum and Mean Temperatures for the United States Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge Trends in intense precipitation in the climate record The impact of decadal fluctuations in mean precipitation and temperature on runoff: A sensitivity study over the United States Heavy precipitation and high streamflow in the contiguous United States: Trends in the twentieth century Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” Effects of Recent Thermometer Changes in the Cooperative Station Network Secular Trends of Precipitation Amount, Frequency, and Intensity in the United States Changes in Intense Precipitation over the Central United States On the development and use of homogenized climate datasets U.S. Climate Reference Network after One Decade of Operations: Status and Assessment The global warming hiatus: Slowdown or redistribution? SAP 1.1 Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding & Reconciling Differences Maximum and Minimum Temperature Trends for the Globe
Douglas L. Karlen 0000-0001-6995-488X U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment Multilocation corn stover harvest effects on crop yields and nutrient removal Crop residue mass needed to maintain soil organic carbon levels: Can it be determined? Crop, tillage, and landscape effects on near-surface soil quality indices in Indiana
Ambarish Karmalkar 0000-0002-2940-0417 Northeast Climate Science Center Department of Geosciences Consequences of global warming of 1.5 °C and 2 °C for regional temperature and precipitation changes in the contiguous United States
Kristopher B. Karnauskas Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Understanding ENSO diversity On the dynamics of the Hadley circulation and subtropical drying North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Patrick Karney CH2M HILL Climate Services Confronting Climate Change: An Early Analysis of Water and Wastewater Adaptation Costs Through 2050
David Karnosky Michigan Technological University School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science Chemical composition and digestibility of Trifolium exposed to elevated ozone and carbon dioxide in a free-air (FACE) fumigation system
David J. Karoly 0000-0002-8671-2994 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science University of Melbourne University of Melbourne School of Earth Sciences A multiregion assessment of observed changes in the areal extent of temperature and precipitation extremes Detection and attribution of climate change: a regional perspective A multiregion model evaluation and attribution study of historical changes in the area affected by temperature and precipitation extremes Decadal Prediction Extraordinary heat during the 1930s US Dust Bowl and associated large-scale conditions
Sarah M. Karpanty 0000-0003-3831-8914 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation Smartphone technologies and Bayesian networks to assess shorebird habitat selection
Alexey Yu. Karpechko 0000-0003-0902-0414 Finnish Meteorological Institute Arctic Space Centre University of East Anglia Climatic Research Unit Attribution of polar warming to human influence Stratospheric influence on tropospheric climate change in the Northern Hemisphere
Valerie J. Karplus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions constraint? Implications for energy and climate policy in the United States
Mikhail Karpytchev 0000-0003-1632-9372 Littoral, Environment and Societies LIENSs Long-term sea level trends: Natural or anthropogenic?
Catherine Karr University of Washington Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences University of Washington, Seattle Department of Pediatrics Preparing for climate change in Washington State Public health impacts of climate change in Washington State: projected mortality risks due to heat events and air pollution
Jill Karsten National Science Foundation
Krista A. Karstensen Earth Resources Observation and Science Center U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Mid-Continent Geographic Science Center National Climate Assessment Technical Report on the Impacts of Climate and Land Use and Land Cover Change Land change variability and human–environment dynamics in the United States Great Plains Flooding in the United States Midwest. USGS Professional Paper 1775
Vagarappa M. Karunagaran M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation The Asian Tsunami: A Protective Role for Coastal Vegetation
Kristin Kaschner Current and Future Patterns of Global Marine Mammal Biodiversity
G. Kaser University of Innsbruck Institute of Geography Mass balance of glaciers and ice caps: Consensus estimates for 1961–2004
Shakil Bin Kashem University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign School of Earth, Society and Environment Department of Geography and Geographic Information Science Planning for climate adaptation: Evaluating the changing patterns of social vulnerability and adaptation challenges in three coastal cities
Daniel M. Kashian Wayne State University Effects of biotic disturbances on forest carbon cycling in the United States and Canada
Prasad S. Kasibhatla Duke University Nicholas School of the Environment Georgia Institute of Technology School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Global fire emissions and the contribution of deforestation, savanna, forest, agricultural, and peat fires (1997–2009) Growth of Continental-Scale Metro-Agro-Plexes, Regional Ozone Pollution, and World Food Production
Eric S. Kasischke Environmental Research Institute of Michigan University of Maryland Department of Geographical Sciences University of Maryland, College Park Department of Geography Potential shifts in dominant forest cover in interior Alaska driven by variations in fire severity Uncertainty in estimating carbon emissions from boreal forest fires Alaska’s changing fire regime — implications for the vulnerability of its boreal forests Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change Observations and assessment of forest carbon dynamics following disturbance in North America The role of fire in the boreal carbon budget Recent changes in the fire regime across the North American boreal region—Spatial and temporal patterns of burning across Canada and Alaska
Frank Kaspar 0000-0001-8819-8450 Max Planck Institute for Meteorology Model and Data Group A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Stephen Kasperski 0000-0002-2636-8618 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Alaska Fisheries Science Center Income diversification and risk for fishermen Using socioeconomic and fisheries involvement indices to understand Alaska fishing community well-being Assessing climate change vulnerability in Alaska's fishing communities
Jeanne X. Kasperson Brown University Alan Shawn Feinstein World Hunger Program Clark University Center for Technology, Environment, and Development Clark University George Perkins Marsh Institute Stockholm Environmental Institute A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science Assessing the vulnerability of coastal communities to extreme storms: The case of Revere, MA., USA The Social Amplification of Risk: A Conceptual Framework
Roger E. Kasperson Clark University Center for Technology, Environment, and Development Clark University George Perkins Marsh Institute Clark University Graduate School of Geography Stockholm Environmental Institute Stockholm Environment Institute, UK Communicating Risks to the Pub... A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science The Social Amplification of Ri... Assessing the vulnerability of coastal communities to extreme storms: The case of Revere, MA., USA The Social Amplification of Risk: A Conceptual Framework Adaptation to climate change in the Northeast United States: opportunities, processes, constraints
Jennifer M. Kassakian Industrial Economics, Inc. State and local governments plan for development of most land vulnerable to rising sea level along the US Atlantic coast
Jude H. Kastens Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program The University of Kansas Department of Mathematics Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought
Alice Kaswan Center for Progressive Reform University of San Francisco School of Law Climate Change and the Puget Sound: Building the Legal Framework for Adaptation
Robert Kates Robert W. Kates The University of Maine Transformational adaptation when incremental adaptations to climate change are insufficient nca3 chapter 16 : Northeast
Etsushi Kato 0000-0001-8814-804X Institute of Applied Energy IAE Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology National Institute for Environmental Studies Center for Global Environmental Research Global carbon budget 2014 Greening of the Earth and its drivers An emission pathway for stabilization at 6 Wm −2 radiative forcing
Seiji Kato Hampton University Center for Atmospheric Sciences NASA Langley Research Center Covariance between Arctic sea ice and clouds within atmospheric state regimes at the satellite footprint level Toward optimal closure of the Earth's top-of-atmosphere radiation budget Defining top-of-the-atmosphere flux reference level for earth radiation budget studies An update on Earth's energy balance in light of the latest global observations
Caroline A. Katsman 0000-0001-7297-0311 Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute Global Climate Division Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute KNMI Projecting twenty-first century regional sea-level changes Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta—the Netherlands as an example Mechanisms behind the temporary shutdown of deep convection in the Labrador Sea: Lessons from the great salinity anomaly years 1968–71
Katsuro Katsumata 0000-0002-4683-7610 Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology Changes in Ocean Heat, Carbon Content, and Ventilation: A Review of the First Decade of GO-SHIP Global Repeat Hydrography
Arie Kattenberg Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute KNMI The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary
Vladimir M. Kattsov Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory Intrinsic versus forced variation in coupled climate model simulations over the Arctic during the twentieth century Considerations in the Selection of Global Climate Models for Regional Climate Projections: The Arctic as a Case Study Trends in Arctic sea ice extent from CMIP5, CMIP3 and observations
Ira R. Katz 0000-0001-6755-9739 Philadelphia VA Medical Center University of Pennsylvania Department of Psychiatry On the inseparability of mental and physical health in aged persons: Lessons from depression and medical comorbidity
Marisa Katz Staying afloat: How federal recognition as a Native American tribe will save the residents of Isle de Jean Charles, Louisiana
Miriam E. Katz Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Department of Geological Sciences The evolution of modern eukaryotic phytoplankton The Phanerozoic record of global sea-level change
Richard W. Katz 0000-0002-0267-8953 National Center for Atmospheric Research National Center for Atmospheric Research Environmental and Societal Impacts Group National Institute of Mathematics Applied to Geosciences Extreme events in a changing climate: Variability is more important than averages Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge Teleconnections Linking Worldw... Stochastic modeling of the effects of large-scale circulation on daily weather in the southeastern US Statistics of extremes in climate change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves Statistics of extremes in hydrology US billion-dollar weather and climate disasters: Data sources, trends, accuracy and biases Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge Non-stationary extreme value analysis in a changing climate
J. Boone Kauffman U.S. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Whole-island carbon stocks in the tropical Pacific: Implications for mangrove conservation and upland restoration
Matthew J. Kauffman 0000-0003-0127-3900 University of Wyoming Department of Zoology and Physiology Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Are wolves saving Yellowstone's aspen? A landscape‐level test of a behaviorally mediated trophic cascade
Bradley J. Kaufman The Fire Department of the City of New York FDNY Impact of Citywide Blackout on an Urban Emergency Medical Services System
Darrell S. Kaufman 0000-0002-7572-1414 Northern Arizona University School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
Jay Kaufman 0000-0003-1606-401X McGill University Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health Review article: Vulnerability to heat-related mortality: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression analysis
Joel D. Kaufman 0000-0003-4174-9037 University of Washington Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Environmental factors in cardiovascular disease
Les S. Kaufman Caribbean Corals in Crisis: Record Thermal Stress, Bleaching, and Mortality in 2005
Robert K. Kaufmann 0000-0002-5670-7027 Boston University Center for Energy and Environmental Studies Boston University Department of Earth and Environment Boston University Department of Geography Evidence for a significant urbanization effect on climate in China Climate response to rapid urban growth: Evidence of a human-induced precipitation deficit Anthropogenic and natural causes of climate change
Pekka E. Kauppi 0000-0003-1735-756X University of Helsinki A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests
Harsimran Kaur Washington State University Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Agro-ecological class stability decreases in response to climate change projections for the Pacific Northwest, USA
Sujay S. Kaushal 0000-0003-0834-9189 Chesapeake Biological Laboratory Rising stream and river temperatures in the United States
Chris Kavalec California Energy Commission 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report. Publication Number: CEC-100-2011-001-CMF
Darren M. Kavanagh The Nature Conservancy Connectivity Planning to Address Climate Change
Tony Kavanaugh Allergy Associates of La Crosse Recent warming by latitude associated with increased length of ragweed pollen season in central North America
Ilias G. Kavouras Desert Research Institute University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Particulate dust emission factors from unpaved roads in the U.S.–Mexico border semi-arid region
Argyro Kavvada University of Maryland, College Park Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science AMO’s structure and climate footprint in observations and IPCC AR5 climate simulations
Michio Kawamiya Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology Research Institute for Global Change Causes and implications of persistent atmospheric carbon dioxide biases in Earth System Models
Kenji Kawamura 0000-0003-1163-700X University of Bern Department of Climate and Environmental Physics High-resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000–800,000 years before present Supporting evidence from the EPICA Dronning Maud Land ice core for atmospheric CO2 changes during the past millennium
Kimitaka Kawamura Hokkaido University Institute of Low Temperature Science Alkenone and boron-based Pliocene pCO2 records
Aya Kawasaki Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry The course of PTSD, major depression, substance abuse, and somatization after a natural disaster
Hiʻilei Kawelo Paepae O Heʻeia nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands
David Kay Aberystwyth University Department of Geography and Earth Sciences River Basin Dynamics and Hydrology Research Group Extreme water-related weather events and waterborne disease An attempt to quantify the health impacts of flooding in the UK using an urban case study
Gillian Kay Met Office Hadley Centre Climate and land use change impacts on global terrestrial ecosystems and river flows in the HadGEM2-ES Earth system model using the representative concentration pathways
Jennifer E. Kay Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences CIRES National Center for Atmospheric Research National Center for Atmospheric Research Climate and Global Dynamics Division University of Colorado Boulder Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences The Arctic’s rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability How predictable is the timing of a summer ice-free Arctic? The boundary layer response to recent Arctic sea ice loss and implications for high-latitude climate feedbacks Observational constraints on Arctic Ocean clouds and radiative fluxes during the early 21st century Cloud influence on and response to seasonal Arctic sea ice loss Inter-annual to multi-decadal Arctic sea ice extent trends in a warming world Influence of internal variability on Arctic sea-ice trends
Robert C. Kay Adaptive Futures Climate Change and the Coast: ...
Jack Kaye National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Climate Assessment Indicators: Background, Development, and Examples. A Technical Input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment Report.
Jason P. Kaye The Pennsylvania State University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Using cover crops to mitigate and adapt to climate change. A review
Margot W. Kaye Colorado State University Department of Forest Science Expansion of forest stands into tundra in the Noatak National Preserve, northwest Alaska
Stuart Kaye 0000-0003-4498-5537 Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security Routledge Handbook on Maritime...
Serpil Kayin U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Assessment of projected temperature impacts from climate change on the U.S. electric power sector using the Integrated Planning Model®
Z. E. Kayler Progress and challenges in using stable isotopes to trace plant carbon and water relations across scales
Nikhil Kaza The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of City and Regional Planning Urban form and air quality in the United States
Aleksandra Kaźmierczak 0000-0001-6704-1892 University of Salford Research Institute for the Built and Human Environment Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using Green Infrastructure: A literature review
Ueda Kazue Ueda Kazue The Orphan Tsunami of 1700—Japanese Clues to a Parent Earthquake in North America. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1707
Binita KC The University of Georgia Department of Geography Climate change vulnerability assessment in Georgia
Samir K. C. Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Human Capital World Population and Human Cap...
Xinda Ke 0000-0002-0074-2982 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Quantifying impacts of heat waves on power grid operation
Xinli Ke 0000-0002-2184-8815 Huazhong Agricultural University College of Land Management The impact analysis of water body landscape pattern on urban heat island: A case study of Wuhan City
Kandy L. Keacher U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Wildlife Services Program Cold weather and the potential range of invasive Burmese pythons
Bruce A. Keafer Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Suppression of the 2010 Alexandrium fundyense bloom by changes in physical, biological, and chemical properties of the Gulf of Maine Understanding interannual, decadal level variability in paralytic shellfish poisoning toxicity in the Gulf of Maine: The HAB Index
Benton Kealii Pang U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands
Christopher R. Keane University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences Disparities and access to healthy food in the United States: A review of food deserts literature
John J. Keane U.S. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Wildfire impacts on California spotted owl nesting habitat in the Sierra Nevada Tamm Review: Management of mixed-severity fire regime forests in Oregon, Washington, and Northern California
Robert E. Keane U.S. Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station U.S. Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory nca4 chapter 6 : Forests Smoke consequences of new wildfire regimes driven by climate change Relative effects of climate change and wildfires on stream temperatures: a simulation modeling approach in a Rocky Mountain watershed Ecological effects of large fires on US landscapes: benefit or catastrophe? Restoring fire-prone Inland Pacific landscapes: Seven core principles