People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Frans Kuenen VU University Amsterdam Department of Ecological Science Adapt or disperse: Understanding species persistence in a changing world
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Lara M. Kueppers 0000-0002-8134-3579 University of California, Merced School of Natural Sciences Biophysical considerations in forestry for climate protection
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations El Niño in a changing climate
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Daniel Kugler Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service Enhancing conservation on agricultural landscapes: A new direction for the Conservation Effects Assessment Project
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity Indigenous Peoples' food syste...
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback
Jan J. Kuiper 0000-0002-6655-9355 Netherlands Institute of Ecology Department of Aquatic Ecology How models can support ecosystem-based management of coral reefs
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Anatomy of an Extreme Event Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level
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