People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute El Niño in a changing climate Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity Indigenous Peoples' food syste...
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Anatomy of an Extreme Event Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 -.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length -.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Redesigning Flood Insurance Risk management and climate change A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
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Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
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Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
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Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget
Jürgen Kusche 0000-0001-7069-021X University of Bonn Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Revisiting the contemporary sea-level budget on global and regional scales
Paul Kushner 0000-0002-6404-4518 University of Toronto Department of Physics The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability
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