People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days -.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval -.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature -.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend Indicator: Heavy Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation Probable maximum precipitation and climate change nca4 Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk management and climate change Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Redesigning Flood Insurance A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821
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Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis
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