People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Dick Kroon University of Edinburgh School of GeoSciences Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta—the Netherlands as an example
Meade B. Krosby 0000-0001-6235-7839 University of Washington Department of Biology Connectivity Planning to Address Climate Change
Charles Krueger Michigan State University Pacific Salmon: Ecology and Ma...
Oliver Krueger 0000-0002-8066-4936 University of Edinburgh School of GeoSciences Storminess over the North Atlantic and northwestern Europe—A review
Robert Krueger Worcester Polytechnic Institute second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 4 : Understanding Urban Carbon Fluxes
Andries C. Kruger South African Weather Service Global review and synthesis of trends in observed terrestrial near-surface wind speeds: Implications for evaporation
Chad Kruger Washington State University Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources Assessment of climate change impact on Eastern Washington agriculture
Jens C. Kruger SPC Geoscience Division GSD Widespread inundation of Pacific islands triggered by distant-source wind-waves
Frank Krüger ELbtalANAlyse Water Soil Monitoring ELANA The situation of PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs after the flooding of River Elbe and Mulde in 2002
K. Krüger University of Kiel Leibniz Institute of Marine Science Bi-decadal variability excited in the coupled ocean–atmosphere system by strong tropical volcanic eruptions
Michael C. Kruk ERT, Inc National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center STG, Inc. Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands nca4 chapter 8 : Coastal Effects The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS) Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves
Paul B. Krummel 0000-0002-4884-3678 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Atmospheric Research Evidence for variability of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals over the past quarter century
Thomas Krumpen 0000-0001-6234-8756 Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research Sea ice [in Arctic Report Card 2016]
Sagar Krupa University of Minnesota Department of Plant Pathology The Ozone Component of Global Change: Potential Effects on Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Yield, Product Quality and Interactions with Invasive Species
Alan J. Krupnick Resources for the Future Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector
Igor Krupnik National Museum of Natural History Arctic Studies Center Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge The Earth Is Faster Now: Indig...
Gregory A. Kruse Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Floods of September 2010 in Southern Minnesota, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5045
James J. Kruse U.S. Forest Service State and Private Forestry Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems
John Kruse University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research Alaska Inupiat subsistence and wage employment patterns: Understanding individual choice
Paul D. Krushelnycky University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Climate-associated population declines reverse recovery and threaten future of an iconic high-elevation plant
Paul J. Krusic Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity Global Consequences of Land Use
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute El Niño in a changing climate Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Indigenous Peoples' food syste... Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Anatomy of an Extreme Event Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation
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