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Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index -.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation Indicator: Heavy Precipitation -.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days -.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index -.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation nca4 Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk management and climate change Redesigning Flood Insurance Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
Kristin Kuntz-Duriseti Climate Change Science and Pol...
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Tom Kurkowski University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
D. Kurz Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits
Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data
Jürgen Kusche 0000-0001-7069-021X University of Bonn Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Revisiting the contemporary sea-level budget on global and regional scales
Paul Kushner 0000-0002-6404-4518 University of Toronto Department of Physics The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability
Yochanan Kushnir 0000-0003-3312-5160 Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Influence of local and remote SST on North Atlantic tropical cyclone potential intensity Have Aerosols Caused the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability? Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the Dust Bowl drought? Variation of the North Atlantic subtropical high western ridge and its implication to Southeastern US summer precipitation
William P. Kustas 0000-0001-5727-4350 U.S. Department of Agriculture Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory Remote Sensing of the Terrestr...
M. Deniz Kustu Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Evidence of enhanced precipitation due to irrigation over the Great Plains of the United States
Lynn Kutner Precious Heritage: The Status ...
Nancy G. Kutner Emory University Department of Emergency Medicine United States Renal Data System Rehabilitation/Quality of Life Special Studies Center Missed dialysis sessions and hospitalization in hemodialysis patients after Hurricane Katrina
Werner L. Kutsch Johann Heinrich von Thunen-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Institute of Agricultural Climate Research Influence of spring and autumn phenological transitions on forest ecosystem productivity
Johan Carl Ivar Kuylenstierna Stockholm Environmental Institute University of York Environment Department Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Alan Kuzirian Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Geology and Geophysics Extensive dissolution of live pteropods in the Southern Ocean