People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Probable maximum precipitation and climate change -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change
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