People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Robert Krueger Worcester Polytechnic Institute second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 4 : Understanding Urban Carbon Fluxes
Andries C. Kruger South African Weather Service Global review and synthesis of trends in observed terrestrial near-surface wind speeds: Implications for evaporation
Chad Kruger Washington State University Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources Washington State University Puyallup Research and Extension Center Assessment of climate change impact on Eastern Washington agriculture Estimating climate change effects on grazing management and beef cattle production in the Pacific Northwest
Jens C. Kruger SPC Geoscience Division GSD Widespread inundation of Pacific islands triggered by distant-source wind-waves
Frank Krüger ELbtalANAlyse Water Soil Monitoring ELANA The situation of PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs after the flooding of River Elbe and Mulde in 2002
K. Krüger University of Kiel Leibniz Institute of Marine Science Bi-decadal variability excited in the coupled ocean–atmosphere system by strong tropical volcanic eruptions
Michael C. Kruk Earth Resource Technology Inc National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center STG, Inc. nca4 chapter 8 : Coastal Effects Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS) Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2
Paul B. Krummel 0000-0002-4884-3678 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Atmospheric Research Evidence for variability of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals over the past quarter century
Thomas Krumpen 0000-0001-6234-8756 Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research Sea ice [in Arctic Report Card 2016]
Sagar Krupa University of Minnesota Department of Plant Pathology The Ozone Component of Global Change: Potential Effects on Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Yield, Product Quality and Interactions with Invasive Species
Alan J. Krupnick Resources for the Future Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector
Igor Krupnik National Museum of Natural History Arctic Studies Center The Earth Is Faster Now: Indig... Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge
Gregory A. Kruse Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Floods of September 2010 in Southern Minnesota, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5045
James J. Kruse U.S. Forest Service State and Private Forestry Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems
John Kruse University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research Alaska Inupiat subsistence and wage employment patterns: Understanding individual choice
Paul D. Krushelnycky University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Climate-associated population declines reverse recovery and threaten future of an iconic high-elevation plant
Paul J. Krusic 0000-0001-5358-9697 Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment Global Consequences of Land Use Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute El Niño in a changing climate Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Daniel Kugler Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service Enhancing conservation on agricultural landscapes: A new direction for the Conservation Effects Assessment Project
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Indigenous Peoples' food syste... Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Dominik Kulakowski Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Anatomy of an Extreme Event Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.8: Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought
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