Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Judith L. Kleindinst Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Suppression of the 2010 Alexandrium fundyense bloom by changes in physical, biological, and chemical properties of the Gulf of Maine Understanding interannual, decadal level variability in paralytic shellfish poisoning toxicity in the Gulf of Maine: The HAB Index
Kees Klein Goldewijk 0000-0003-2714-7507 Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency Utrecht University Biogeophysical effects of land use on climate: Model simulations of radiative forcing and large-scale temperature change RCP2.6: exploring the possibility to keep global mean temperature increase below 2°C Global carbon budget 2014 Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500–2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands
Lisa R. Kleinosky The Pennsylvania State University Center for Integrated Regional Assessment Vulnerability of Hampton Roads, Virginia to Storm-Surge Flooding and Sea-Level Rise
Myra A. Kleinpeter Tulane University Department of Medicine Tulane University School of Medicine Section of Nephrology and Hypertension Disaster preparedness for dialysis patients
M. Kleinschmidt M. Kleinschmidt Farmer perceptions of sustainable agriculture practices and drought risk reduction in Nebraska, USA
Albert M. G. Klein Tank 0000-0002-8213-4680 Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute KNMI Indices for monitoring changes in extremes based on daily temperature and precipitation data Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation Observed coherent changes in climatic extremes during the second half of the twentieth century
Kristin M. Kleisner Environmental Defense Fund National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Northeast Fisheries Science Center The effects of sub-regional climate velocity on the distribution and spatial extent of marine species assemblages Marine species distribution shifts on the U.S. Northeast Continental Shelf under continued ocean warming
Jan Kleissl 0000-0003-4364-0211 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Impact of the 2002 Canadian Forest Fires on Particulate Matter Air Quality in Baltimore City
Boris Klempa 0000-0002-6931-1224 Slovak Academy of Sciences Virology Institute Hantaviruses and climate change
Nicole Klenk York University Institute for Research and Innovation in Sustainability IRIS Effects of climate change on the distribution of invasive alien species in Canada: a knowledge synthesis of range change projections in a warming world
Neil E. Klepeis 0000-0002-6934-3242 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Indoor Environment Department University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health Division of Environmental Health Sciences The National Human Activity Pattern Survey (NHAPS): A resource for assessing exposure to environmental pollutants
Gernot Klepper Kiel Institute for the World Economy IfW Global and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions
Kier D. Klepzig U.S. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station The effectiveness of vegetation management practices for prevention and control of bark beetle infestations in coniferous forests of the western and southern United States Climate Change Adaptation and ...
Albert T. Klett U.S. Geological Survey Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Duck nest success in the Prairie Pothole Region
James D. Klett Par Associates Inc Isolating the anthropogenic component of Arctic warming
Joan A. Kleypas National Center for Atmospheric Research National Center for Atmospheric Research Environmental and Societal Impacts Group National Center for Atmospheric Research Institute for Society and the Environment Impact of anthropogenic CO 2 on the CaCO 3 system in the oceans Clarifying the role of coastal and marine systems in climate mitigation Environmental Limits to Coral Reef Development: Where Do We Draw the Line? Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs Ocean Acidification: The Other CO2 Problem
John T. Kliejunas U.S. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Climate change and forest diseases
Kelly Klima 0000-0003-4070-4961 Carnegie Mellon University Department of Engineering and Public Policy Climate change in the urban environment: Advancing, measuring and achieving resiliency
Zbigniew Klimont 0000-0003-2630-198X International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Exploring the ancillary benefits of the Kyoto Protocol for air pollution in Europe Impacts and mitigation of excess diesel-related NOx emissions in 11 major vehicle markets Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality
John Klinck 0000-0003-4312-5201 Old Dominion University Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography The value of captains’ behavioral choices in the success of the surf clam (Spisula solidissima) fishery on the US Mid-Atlantic coast: A model evaluation The Relationship Between Increasing Sea-surface Temperature and the Northward Spread ofPerkinsus marinus(Dermo) Disease Epizootics in Oysters
David I. Kline Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies The University of Queensland Global Change Institute Caribbean Corals in Crisis: Record Thermal Stress, Bleaching, and Mortality in 2005 Interactions Between Ocean Acidification and Warming on the Mortality and Dissolution of Coralline Algae A short-term in situ CO2 enrichment experiment on Heron Island (GBR)
Jeffrey D. Kline U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station US exposure to multiple landscape stressors and climate change
Keith L. Kline Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for BioEnergy Sustainability Environmental Indicators of Biofuel Sustainability: What About Context? The land use–climate change–energy nexus
Eric Klinenberg New York University Department of Sociology New York University Institute for Public Knowledge Heat Wave: A Social Autopsy of...
Jon T. Klingel New Mexico Department of Game and Fish Ecological Restoration of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Ecosystems: A Broad Perspective
Chaamala Klinger Public Health England Centre for Radiation, Chemical, and Environmental Hazards Power outages, extreme events and health: A systematic review of the literature from 2011-2012
Terrie Klinger University of Washington School of Marine and Environmental Affairs Scientific Summary of Ocean Acidification in Washington State Marine Waters. NOAA OAR Special Report #12-01-016 New ocean, new needs: Application of pteropod shell dissolution as a biological indicator for marine resource management What changes in the carbonate system, oxygen, and temperature portend for the northeastern Pacific Ocean: A physiological perspective A systematic review of ecological attributes that confer resilience to climate change in environmental restoration Exposure history determines pteropod vulnerability to ocean acidification along the US West Coast
Katherine Klink 0000-0002-0377-2378 University of Minnesota Department of Geography, Environment and Society Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves
Andreas Klinke Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology Coping with Complexity, Uncertainty and Ambiguity in Risk Governance: A Synthesis
George J. Klir Binghamton University Uncertainty Modeling and Analy...
Andrew (Anaru) Kliskey University of Alaska Anchorage Resilience and Adaptive Management Group University of Idaho Center for Resilient Rural Communities University of Idaho College of Natural Resources The science of firescapes: Achieving fire-resilient communities Walrus harvest locations reflect adaptation: A contribution from a community-based observation network in the Bering Sea Freshwater vulnerabilities and resilience on the Seward Peninsula: Integrating multiple dimensions of landscape change
Daniel Klocke 0000-0001-7405-013X European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ECMWF Max Planck Institute for Meteorology Assessment of different metrics for physical climate feedbacks Climate and carbon-cycle variability over the last millennium
Kevin Kloesel Oklahoma Mesonet The University of Oklahoma Benefits and beneficiaries of the Oklahoma Mesonet: A multisectoral ripple effect analysis 23.6: Highlighting Seasonal-Scale Extreme Events in a Transboundary Setting 1.12: Texas Desalination Plants nca4 chapter 23 : Southern Great Plains 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 23.8: Texas Desalination Plants
Richard W. Klomp National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Division of Violence Prevention Impact of 2003 power outages on public health and emergency response
Itai Kloog Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Department of Geography and Environmental Development Effect of increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide on the global threat of zinc deficiency: A modelling study
Bret Kloos University of South Carolina Alcohol and cigarette use and misuse among Hurricane Katrina survivors: Psychosocial risk and protective factors
Jeffrey M. Klopatek Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental Sciences Division Land-use Conflicts with Natural Vegetation in the United States
P. Zion Klos 0000-0002-9563-6065 University of Idaho College of Natural Resources Extent of the rain–snow transition zone in the western U.S. under historic and projected climate
Kjell Kloster Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center Fram Strait sea ice export variability and September Arctic sea ice extent over the last 80 years
Silvia Kloster Max Planck Institute for Meteorology The Land in the Earth System Potential climate forcing of land use and land cover change
Philip J. Klotzbach 0000-0001-5372-6241 Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Tropical cyclones and climate change Extremely intense hurricanes: Revisiting Webster et al. (2005) after 10 years
Bjørn Kløve 0000-0002-2353-1440 Bioforsk Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research University of Oulu Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Laboratory Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Doug Kluck 0000-0002-9698-7991 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service nca3 chapter 19 : Great Plains The Corn and Climate Report - Executive Summary nca4 chapter 22 : Northern Great Plains Climate Change, Drought and Early Warning on Western Native Lands Workshop Report
Daria Kluver 0000-0001-5568-6642 Central Michigan University Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Regionalization of snowfall frequency and trends over the contiguous United States
Richard D. Knabb National Hurricane Center Atlantic hurricane season of 2005
John A. Knaff 0000-0003-0427-1409 Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere CIRA Atlantic basin hurricanes: Indices of climatic changes
Alan K. Knapp Colorado State University Colorado State University Graduate Degree Program in Ecology Kansas State University Division of Biology Rangeland responses to predicted increases in drought extremity Variation Among Biomes in Temporal Dynamics of Aboveground Primary Production SAP 4.2. Thresholds of Climate Change in Ecosystems second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 10 : Grasslands
David E. Knapp Carnegie Institution for Science Department of Global Ecology Progressive forest canopy water loss during the 2012–2015 California drought
Eric E. Knapp U.S. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Drought, tree mortality, and wildfire in forests adapted to frequent fire Fire treatment effects on vegetation structure, fuels, and potential fire severity in western U.S. forests
Gunnar Knapp University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research How will climate change alter fishery governanceʔ Insights from seven international case studies Metrics to monitor the status of fishing communities: An Alaska state of the state retrospective 1980–2010
Kenneth R. Knapp National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS) A globally consistent reanalysis of hurricane variability and trends Trend Analysis with a New Global Record of Tropical Cyclone Intensity
Paul C. Knappenberger New Hope Environmental Services Decadal changes in summer mortality in U.S. cities Decadal changes in heat-related human mortality in the eastern United States
Rebecca C. Knibb 0000-0001-5561-0904 University of Derby Psychology The psychosocial impact of food allergy and food hypersensitivity in children, adolescents and their families: A review
Steven T. Knick U.S. Geological Survey Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center Range-wide patterns of greater sage-grouse persistence
Kali E. Kniel 0000-0003-0924-1217 University of Delaware Department of Animal and Food Sciences Food Microbiology: Fundamental...
Jochen Knies Geological Survey of Norway NGU University of Tromsø Centre for Arctic Gas Hydrate, Environment and Climate CAGE The emergence of modern sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean
Carley R. Knight The University of Southern Mississippi University Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Impacts of upstream drought and water withdrawals on the health and survival of downstream estuarine oyster populations
C. Gregory Knight The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geography The Pennsylvania State University School of International Affairs The Regional Integrated Scienc...
David B. Knight University of Virginia Department of Environmental Sciences Contribution of tropical cyclones to extreme rainfall events in the southeastern United States
Joseph F. Knight University of Minnesota Department of Forest Resources Spatiotemporal remote sensing of ecosystem change and causation across Alaska
Richard W. Knight National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center STG, Inc. The University of North Carolina at Asheville Prolonged Dry Episodes over the Conterminous United States: New Tendencies Emerging during the Last 40 Years Contemporary Changes of the Hydrological Cycle over the Contiguous United States: Trends Derived from In Situ Observations Secular Trends of Precipitation Amount, Frequency, and Intensity in the United States Changes in Intense Precipitation over the Central United States Heavy precipitation and high streamflow in the contiguous United States: Trends in the twentieth century Trends in intense precipitation in the climate record The 1995 Chicago heat wave: How likely is a recurrence?
Rosemary Knight Stanford University School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences Department of Geophysics Estimating the permanent loss of groundwater storage in the southern San Joaquin Valley, California
Tiffany M. Knight Washington University in St. Louis Department of Biology Inter-annual associations between precipitation and human incidence of West Nile Virus in the United States Plant-pollinator interactions over 120 years: Loss of species, co-occurrence, and function
Troy A. Knight College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University Environmental Studies Department The University of Arizona Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research A long-term perspective on a modern drought in the American Southeast Medieval drought in the upper Colorado River Basin
Jeff R. Knight Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research Met Office Hadley Centre Climate impacts of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Testing for the possible influence of unknown climate forcings upon global temperature increases from 1950 to 2000
Antony M. Knights University of Plymouth School of Marine Science and Engineering Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre Linking the biological impacts of ocean acidification on oysters to changes in ecosystem services: A review
Peter Knippertz Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research University of Leeds School of Earth and Environment Mineral Dust: A Key Player in ...
Dominic Kniveton 0000-0002-8643-4277 University of Sussex The devil is in the details: An investigation of the relationships between conflict, food price and climate across Africa
Jennifer D. Knoepp U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station Trends in stream nitrogen concentrations for forested reference catchments across the USA
Andrew H. Knoll 0000-0003-1308-8585 Harvard University Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology Early animal evolution: Emerging views from comparative biology and geology The evolution of modern eukaryotic phytoplankton
Joseph E. Knoll U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Dedicated herbaceous biomass feedstock genetics and development
Tricia Gorby Knoot Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Wildlife and Forestry Research Section Understanding climate adaptation on public lands in the Upper Midwest: Implications for monitoring and tracking progress
Fritz L. Knopf U.S. Geological Survey Biological Resources Division Great Plains ecosystems: past, present, and future
Melissa A. Knorr University of New Hampshire Department of Natural Resources University of New Hampshire Department of Natural Resources and the Environment Nitrogen Additions and Litter Decomposition: A Meta-Analysis Long-term pattern and magnitude of soil carbon feedback to the climate system in a warming world
Jayne Knott 0000-0002-3663-107X University of New Hampshire Assessing the effects of rising groundwater from sea level rise on the service life of pavements in coastal road infrastructure nca4 chapter 18 : Northeast
Jonathan A. Knott Purdue University Department of Forestry and Natural Resources Divergence of species responses to climate change
John English Knowles The Nature Conservancy Caribbean Program Assessing vulnerability: An integrated approach for mapping adaptive capacity, sensitivity, and exposure
John F. Knowles 0000-0002-3697-9439 University of Colorado Boulder Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research Snowmelt rate dictates streamflow
Kenneth Knowles University of Colorado Boulder Sea ice index monitors polar ice extent
Noah Knowles 0000-0001-5652-1049 Scripps Institution of Oceanography Climate Research Division U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division Projected evolution of California's San Francisco Bay-Delta-River System in a century of climate change Elevational dependence of projected hydrologic changes in the San Francisco estuary and watershed Potential effects of global warming on the Sacramento/San Joaquin watershed and the San Francisco estuary Trends in Snowfall versus Rainfall in the Western United States
Kim Knowlton 0000-0002-8075-7817 Columbia University Department of Environmental Health Sciences Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health Natural Resources Defense Council Natural Resources Defense Council Health and Environment Program Modeling of Regional Climate Change Effects on Ground-Level Ozone and Childhood Asthma Six Climate Change-Related Events In The United States Accounted For About $14 Billion In Lost Lives And Health Costs The 2006 California Heat Wave: Impacts on Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits Climate change, ambient ozone, and health in 50 US cities Projecting Heat-Related Mortality Impacts Under a Changing Climate in the New York City Region Simulating changes in regional air pollution over the eastern United States due to changes in global and regional climate and emissions Recent warming by latitude associated with increased length of ragweed pollen season in central North America nca3 chapter 9 : Human Health
Nancy Knowlton Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History Securing ocean benefits for society in the face of climate change Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems Baselines and Degradation of Coral Reefs in the Northern Line Islands Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification
Jerry W. Knox 0000-0002-0473-6440
Sara Knox U.S. Geological Survey second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 15 : Tidal Wetlands and Estuaries
Mads Faurschou Knudsen 0000-0001-5039-1773 Aarhus University Department of Geoscience Centre for Past Climate Studies Evidence for external forcing of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation since termination of the Little Ice Age
Niels Aage Tvis Knudsen Aarhus University Department of Geoscience Multi-decadal marine- and land-terminating glacier recession in the Ammassalik region, southeast Greenland
Rainer Knust Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research Climate Change Affects Marine Fishes Through the Oxygen Limitation of Thermal Tolerance
Cody L. Knutson National Drought Mitigation Center University of Nebraska-Lincoln School of Natural Resources Farmer perceptions of sustainable agriculture practices and drought risk reduction in Nebraska, USA Anatomy of an interrupted irrigation season: Micro-drought at the Wind River Indian Reservation The effects of extreme drought on climate change beliefs, risk perceptions, and adaptation attitudes
Thomas R. Knutson 0000-0003-4541-519X National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Sensitivity of tropical cyclone rainfall to idealized global-scale forcings nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions Multimodel assessment of regional surface temperature trends: CMIP3 and CMIP5 twentieth-century simulations Tropical cyclones and climate change 3.2: Attributable Warming or Cooling Influences of Anthropogenic and Natural Forcings Simulation of early 20th century global warming Dynamical Downscaling Projections of Twenty-First-Century Atlantic Hurricane Activity: CMIP3 and CMIP5 Model-Based Scenarios Prospects for a prolonged slowdown in global warming in the early 21st century Model-based assessment of the role of human-induced climate change in the 2005 Caribbean coral bleaching event nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 6.6: Assessment of Annual Surface Temperature Trends Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” Tropical cyclones and climate change 9.2: Tracks of Simulated Category 4 & 5 Tropical Cyclones 3.3: Estimates of Forcings Contributions to Temperature Change Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Warming on the Frequency of Intense Atlantic Hurricanes Impact of upper-tropospheric temperature anomalies and vertical wind shear on tropical cyclone evolution using an idealized version of the operational GFDL hurricane model Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge Global projections of intense tropical cyclone activity for the late twenty-first century from dynamical downscaling of CMIP5/RCP4.5 scenarios Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 3.1: Global Mean Temperature Change
Reto Knutti 0000-0001-8303-6700 ETH Zurich ETH Zurich Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science National Center for Atmospheric Research Anthropogenic contribution to global occurrnece of heavy-precipitation and high-temperature extremes Natural variability, radiative forcing and climate response in the recent hiatus reconciled A representative democracy to reduce interdependency in a multimodel ensemble Skill and independence weighting for multi-model assessment Observed heavy precipitation increase confirms theory and early models Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity Anthropogenic and natural warming inferred from changes in Earth’s energy balance Irreversible climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions Long-Term Climate Commitments Projected with Climate–Carbon Cycle Models Robustness and uncertainties in the new CMIP5 climate model projections Early onset of significant local warming in low latitude countries Sensitivity of carbon budgets to permafrost carbon feedbacks and non-CO 2 forcings The equilibrium sensitivity of the Earth's temperature to radiation changes A scientific critique of the two-degree climate change target Robust spatially aggregated projections of climate extremes A climate model projection weighting scheme accounting for performance and interdependence Risks of model weighting in multimodel climate projections Uncertainties in CMIP5 climate projections due to carbon cycle feedbacks Improved pattern scaling approaches for the use in climate impact studies Long-term climate implications of twenty-first century options for carbon dioxide emission mitigation Feedbacks, climate sensitivity and the limits of linear models Impact of short-lived non-CO 2 mitigation on carbon budgets for stabilizing global warming Local eigenvalue analysis of CMIP3 climate model errors Climate model genealogy: Generation CMIP5 and how we got there Communication of the role of natural variability in future North American climate
Kevin Knuuti U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the United States National Climate Assessment. NOAA Tech Memo OAR CPO-1
Jonghan Ko 0000-0001-7974-3808 U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Agricultural Systems Research Unit Climate change impacts on dryland cropping systems in the Central Great Plains, USA
Shota Kobayashi Tokyo Institute of Technology Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Global-scale projection and its sensitivity analysis of the health burden attributable to childhood undernutrition under the latest scenario framework for climate change research
Hiromi Kobori Tokyo City University Graduate School of Environmental and Information Studies Beyond seasonal climate: Statistical estimation of phenological responses to weather
Richard Kocan University of Washington School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences Synchronous Cycling of Ichthyophoniasis with Chinook Salmon Density Revealed during the Annual Yukon River Spawning Migration
Dorothy M. Koch The Earth Institute - Columbia University Goddard Institute for Space Studies Climate, health, agricultural and economic impacts of tighter vehicle-emission standards Impacts of aerosol-cloud interactions on past and future changes in tropospheric composition Improved Attribution of Climate Forcing to Emissions
Evamaria W. Koch University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science Horn Point Laboratory The value of estuarine and coastal ecosystem services Coastal ecosystem-based management with nonlinear ecological functions and values Non-linearity in ecosystem services: temporal and spatial variability in coastal protection
Frank H. Koch 0000-0002-3750-4507 North Carolina State University Department of Forestry U.S. Forest Service Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station Southern pine beetle regional outbreaks modeled on landscape, climate and infestation history An economic assessment of mountain pine beetle timber salvage in the West
George W. Koch Northern Arizona University Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research Northern Arizona University Center for Ecosystem Science and Society Northern Arizona University Department of Biological Sciences Responses of terrestrial ecosystems to temperature and precipitation change: a meta-analysis of experimental manipulation Carbon protection and fire risk reduction: toward a full accounting of forest carbon offsets Pervasive drought legacies in forest ecosystems and their implications for carbon cycle models
Joshua C. Koch 0000-0001-7180-6982 U.S. Geological Survey Alaska Science Center U.S. Geological Survey Reorganization of vegetation, hydrology and soil carbon after permafrost degradation across heterogeneous boreal landscapes  Multidecadal increases in the Yukon River Basin of chemical fluxes as indicators of changing flowpaths, groundwater, and permafrost