People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Anatomy of an Extreme Event The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Integrating risks of climate change into water management Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk management and climate change Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Redesigning Flood Insurance At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
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Michael Kunz 0000-0002-0202-9558 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders
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