People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Tina Wright Massachusetts League of Community Health Centers Emergency preparedness for vulnerable populations: People with special health-care needs
Jeffrey H. Writer 0000-0002-8585-8166 University of Colorado Boulder Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering U.S. Geological Survey Wildfire Effects on Source-Water Quality: Lessons from Fourmile Canyon Fire, Colorado, and Implications for Drinking-Water Treatment Water treatment implications after the High Park Wildfire, Colorado
Alexandra Wrobel Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission Using traditional ecological knowledge as a basis for targeted forest inventories: Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) in the US Great Lakes region
Melissa L. Wrzesien 0000-0003-4958-9234 The Ohio State University Byrd Polar Research Center How much runoff originates as snow in the western United States, and how will that change in the future?
Baosheng Wu 0000-0002-7149-0276 Tsinghua University Sustainable sediment management in reservoirs and regulated rivers: Experiences from five continents
Caiping Wu Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research Sustainable sediment management in reservoirs and regulated rivers: Experiences from five continents
Chang-fu Wu 0000-0003-2244-1934 National University of Taiwan Department of Public Health Mortality risk attributable to high and low ambient temperature: A multicountry observational study
Chaoyang Wu 0000-0001-6163-8209 University of Toronto Department of Geography and Planning Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis
Chi-Ju Wu 0000-0002-9998-4657 Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research The impact of the revised sunspot record on solar irradiance reconstructions
Chin-Ching Wu Water outage increases the risk of gastroenteritis and eyes and skin diseases
Chin H. Wu 0000-0001-8393-1940 University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Response of water temperatures and stratification to changing climate in three lakes with different morphometry Modeling oxythermal stress for cool-water fishes in lakes using a cumulative dosage approach Effects of changing climate on ice cover in three morphometrically different lakes
Chunxia Wu University of California, Davis Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources Million trees Los Angeles canopy cover and benefit assessment
Di Wu Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Vulnerability of the US western electric grid to hydro-climatological conditions: How bad can it get? Quantifying impacts of heat waves on power grid operation
Donghai Wu Peking University College of Urban and Environmental Sciences Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science Temperature increase reduces global yields of major crops in four independent estimates
Dong L. Wu 0000-0002-3490-9437 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Increasing evaporation amounts seen in the Arctic between 2003 and 2013 from AIRS data Arctic low cloud changes as observed by MISR and CALIOP: Implication for the enhanced autumnal warming and sea ice loss Verification of air/surface humidity differences from AIRS and ERA-Interim in support of turbulent flux estimation in the Arctic
F. Wu University of Pittsburgh Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Climate change impacts on mycotoxin risks in US maize
Haixia Wu State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Public health co-benefits of greenhouse gas emissions reduction: A systematic review
Huan Wu NASA Goddard Space Flight Center University of Maryland, College Park Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center ESSIC Restoring salmon habitat for a changing climate
Jianguo Wu 0000-0002-1182-3024 Arizona State University Landscape Ecology and Modeling Laboratory Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Arizona State University School of Sustainability Global change and the ecology of cities Effects of urbanization on plant flowering phenology: A review
Jianhong Wu York Dahdaleh Institute for Global Health Research Centre for Disease Modelling York University Department of Mathematics and Statistics Estimated effects of projected climate change on the basic reproductive number of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis
Jianyong Wu 0000-0002-5864-3186 Emory University Department of Environmental Health Estimation and uncertainty analysis of impacts of future heat waves on mortality in the eastern United States
Jiunn-Lin Wu 0000-0003-4046-8196 National Chung Hsing University Department of Computer Science and Engineering Modeling the impact of climate variability on diarrhea-associated diseases in Taiwan (1996–2007)
Jun Wu University of California, Irvine Program in Public Health University of California, Irvine School of Medicine Department of Epidemiology University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children Associations of meteorology with adverse pregnancy outcomes: A systematic review of preeclampsia, preterm birth and birth weight The relationship of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions to the southern California wildfires of 2003
JunJie Wu Oregon State University Department of Applied Economics Irrigation decisions for major West Coast crops: Water scarcity and climatic determinants Impacts of climate change on land-use and wetland productivity in the Prairie Pothole Region of North America Rural-urban interdependence: A framework integrating regional, urban, and environmental economic insights
Liguang Wu Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Implications of tropical cyclone power dissipation index
Lixin Wu Qingdao Collaborative Innovation Center of Marine Science and Technology Qingdao Collaborative Innovation Center of Marine Science and Technology Physical Oceanography Laboratory A global perspective on CMIP5 climate model biases Increased frequency of extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming
May Wu Argonne National Laboratory Consumptive Water Use in the Production of Ethanol and Petroleum Gasoline – 2011 Update. ANL/ESD/09-1 – Update
Qigang Wu 0000-0002-6958-867X Nanjing University School of Atmospheric Sciences Significant anthropogenic-induced changes of climate classes since 1950
Ren-Jie Wu National Taiwan University Department of Atmospheric Sciences Fate of water pumped from underground and contributions to sea-level rise
Shiang-Yuh Wu Clark County Department of Air Quality Impacts of future climate and emission changes on U.S. air quality
Shiliang Wu Harvard University John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Michigan Technological University Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Michigan Technological University Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences Effect of CO2 inhibition on biogenic isoprene emission: Implications for air quality under 2000 to 2050 changes in climate, vegetation, and land use Impacts of future climate change and effects of biogenic emissions on surface ozone and particulate matter concentrations in the United States Effects of 2000–2050 global change on ozone air quality in the United States
Shuang-Ye Wu 0000-0002-4215-6607 Harvard University Atmospheric Chemistry Modeling Group The Pennsylvania State University Center for Integrated Regional Assessment The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geography University of Dayton Department of Geology Potential impacts of sea-level rise on the Mid- and Upper-Atlantic Region of the United States Vulnerability of coastal communities to sea-level rise: a case study of Cape May County, New Jersey, USA Multimodel estimates of intercontinental source-receptor relationships for ozone pollution
Shunquan Wu
Siming Wu Harvard University Harvard University John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Effect of changes in climate and emissions on future sulfate-nitrate-ammonium aerosol levels in the United States A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations
Tongwen Wu 0000-0001-5187-9121 Beijing Climate Center Causes and implications of persistent atmospheric carbon dioxide biases in Earth System Models Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century
Trong-Neng Wu Water outage increases the risk of gastroenteritis and eyes and skin diseases
Xiaotian Wu York Dahdaleh Institute for Global Health Research Centre for Disease Modelling York University Department of Mathematics and Statistics Estimated effects of projected climate change on the basic reproductive number of the Lyme disease vector Ixodes scapularis
Ye Wu Argonne National Laboratory Energy Systems Division Aerosol trends over China, 1980–2000
You Wu Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology Climate, Environment and Sustainability Center University of Maryland, College Park Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center ESSIC Determining climate effects on US total agricultural productivity
Yun Wu North Carolina State University Forest biomass supply in the southeastern United States - implications for industrial roundwood and bioenergy production
Zhaohua Wu 0000-0003-1660-0724 Florida State University Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies Increasing flooding hazard in coastal communities due to rising sea level: Case study of Miami Beach, Florida
Zhuoting Wu Northern Arizona University Merriam-Powell Center for Environmental Research Northern Arizona University Department of Biological Sciences Responses of terrestrial ecosystems to temperature and precipitation change: a meta-analysis of experimental manipulation
Donald J. Wuebbles 0000-0002-4496-9513 National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee National Science Foundation University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences U.S. Global Change Research Program USGCRP ef594029-9a66-4564-8f1c-ec2852bb55ff nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions An integrated climate change assessment for the Northeast United States nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate Regional climate change projections for Chicago and the US Great Lakes Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States climate-science-special-report chapter A : Observational Datasets Used in Climate Studies Introduction: Assessing the effects of climate change on Chicago and the Great Lakes An asynchronous regional regression model for statistical downscaling of daily climate variables climate-science-special-report chapter 11 : Arctic Changes and their Effects on Alaska and the Rest of the United States nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States An integrated framework for quantifying and valuing climate change impacts on urban energy and infrastructure: A Chicago case study Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 -.2: Confidence / Likelihood Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 Assessing General Circulation Model Simulations of Atmospheric Teleconnection Patterns 33.25: Increasing Model Resolution Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 1.1: Indicators of Warming from Multiple Datasets 02b21e9f-f63c-43c9-8157-e6a58f4f7681 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 Change in ozone air pollution over Chicago associated with global climate change climate-science-special-report Executive Summary climate-science-special-report chapter 4 : Climate Models, Scenarios, and Projections nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 34.10: Early Scientists who Established the Scientific Basis for Climate Change Climate Change and Energy Supply and Use. Technical Report to the U.S. Department of Energy in Support of the National Climate Assessment -.1: NCA Regions Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment
David Wuertz National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center 34.8: Temperature Trends, 1900-2012 An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network monthly mean temperature data set, version 3 14d6d5e3-f40d-42fe-b4eb-b0e2a66f4260 NOAA's Merged Land–Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis
Michael Wulder 0000-0002-6942-1896 Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Recent rates of forest harvest and conversion in North America
Abigail Seadler Wulf 0000-0003-0635-0055 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Earth Science Division second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report Highlights
Annelies D. Wulf Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Section of Emergency Medicine Post-traumatic stress disorder in an emergency department population one year after Hurricane Katrina
Brande B. H. Wulff 0000-0003-4044-4346 John Innes Centre Genomic innovation for crop improvement Speed breeding is a powerful tool to accelerate crop research and breeding
Stan Wullschleger 0000-0002-9869-0446 Oak Ridge National Laboratory 6ed82135-1133-4efc-a39c-e4d92462a78e 3.21: CARVE and NGEE Arctic campaigns
Jan Wunder Multi-centennial tree-ring record of ENSO-related activity in New Zealand
Carl Wunsch Massachusetts Institute of Technology Nonlinear threshold behavior during the loss of Arctic sea ice Abyssal recipes II: Energetics of tidal and wind mixing
Jonathan Wurtele Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California, Berkeley Berkeley Earth Temperature Averaging Process
Amber Wutich Arizona State University School of Human Evolution and Social Change Decision-Making under Uncertainty for Water Sustainability and Urban Climate Change Adaptation
Marcia Wyatt University of Colorado Boulder Department of Geological Sciences Isolating the anthropogenic component of Arctic warming
Carina Wyborn 0000-0002-4314-347X University of Montana W.A. Franke College of Forestry & Conservation University of Montana Connecting knowledge with action through coproductive capacities: Adaptive governance and connectivity conservation nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions
Karen F. Wyche 0000-0003-2299-319X National Child Traumatic Stress Network Terrorism, Disaster and Children National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism START The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness
William Wyckoff Montana State University Seems like I hardly see them around anymore: Historical geographies of riparian change along the Wind River
Jason C. Wyda Marine Biological Laboratory Ecosystems Center The effects of eelgrass habitat loss on estuarine fish communities of southern New England
Stephen A. Wyka 0000-0003-4884-7641 University of New Hampshire Department of Biological Sciences Emergence of white pine needle damage in the northeastern United States is associated with changes in pathogen pressure in response to climate change
Bruce Wylie 0000-0002-7374-1083 Earth Resources Observation and Science Center U.S. Geological Survey Spatiotemporal remote sensing of ecosystem change and causation across Alaska Establishing water body areal extent trends in interior Alaska from multi-temporal Landsat data Distribution of near-surface permafrost in Alaska: Estimates of present and future conditions Development of a 2001 National Land-Cover Database for the United States
Bruce Wyman National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections
Miriam Wyman Utah State University Department of Environment and Society Race and wildfire risk perceptions among rural forestland owners in north-central Florida
Peter Wyn-Jones Aberystwyth University Department of Geography and Earth Sciences Extreme water-related weather events and waterborne disease
Timothy T. Wynne National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science Interannual Variability of Cyanobacterial Blooms in Lake Erie
Klaus Wyrtki University of Hawai’i at Manoa Department of Oceanography El Niño—The Dynamic Response of the Equatorial Pacific Oceanto Atmospheric Forcing
Donald J. Wysocki Oregon State University Extension Service Development of dryland oilseed production systems in northwestern region of the USA
Mark Wysocki Older people and climate change: Vulnerability and health effects
Kerry Wyss Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Wythe Texas Water Resources Institute Community Water Systems Recovering From the Drought: Lessons Learned; Plans Made
Marguerite A. Xenopoulos Trent University Department of Biology University of Notre Dame Department of Biological Sciences Going with the flow: Using species–discharge relationships to forecast losses in fish biodiversity Coextirpation of host-affiliate relationships in rivers: the role of climate change, water withdrawal, and host-specificity
Lan Xia Yunnan University School of Resource Environment and Earth Science Department of Atmospheric Sciences Storminess over the North Atlantic and northwestern Europe—A review
Youlong Xia National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center Continental-scale water and energy flux analysis and validation for the North American Land Data Assimilation System project phase 2 (NLDAS-2): 1. Intercomparison and application of model products Assessment of simulated water balance from Noah, Noah-MP, CLM, and VIC over CONUS using the NLDAS test bed
Yu Xia Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group I Technical Support Unit Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis
George Xian 0000-0001-5674-2204 Arctic Slope Regional Corporation Research and Technology Solutions ASRC Federal InuTeq Earth Resources Observation and Science Center A comprehensive change detection method for updating the National Land Cover Database to circa 2011 Completion of the 2011 National Land Cover Database for the conterminous United States—Representing a decade of land cover change information Completion of the 2006 national land cover database for the conterminous United States
Jianjun Xiang The University of Adelaide School of Public Health Health impacts of workplace heat exposure: An epidemiological review
Jingfeng Xiao University of New Hampshire Complex Systems Research Center Terrestrial biosphere models need better representation of vegetation phenology: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis
Lihua Xiao 0000-0001-8532-2727 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases The First Association of a Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis Death With Culturable Naegleria fowleri in Tap Water From a US Treated Public Drinking Water System Primary amebic meningoencephalitis deaths associated with sinus irrigation using contaminated tap water Fatal Naegleria fowleri infection acquired in Minnesota: Possible expanded range of a deadly thermophilic organism
Mu Xiao 0000-0002-7437-0739 University of California, Los Angeles Department of Geography Perspectives on the causes of exceptionally low 2015 snowpack in the western United States Dramatic declines in snowpack in the western US How much groundwater did California's Central Valley lose during the 2012–2016 drought?
Qingfu Xiao University of California, Davis Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources Million trees Los Angeles canopy cover and benefit assessment
Xia Xiao Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Atmospheric Physics State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction during the last millennium using multiple annual proxies
Zhiqiang Xiao Beijing Normal University State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science Greening of the Earth and its drivers
Wei Xiaorong Northwest A&F University State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau Global pattern of soil carbon losses due to the conversion of forests to agricultural land
Pingping Xie National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction The version-2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979–present)
Shang-Ping Xie 0000-0002-3676-1325 Chinese Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography International Pacific Research Center Ocean University of China Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography Ocean University of China Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction and Climate Laboratory Qingdao Collaborative Innovation Center of Marine Science and Technology Scripps Institution of Oceanography Scripps Institution of Oceanography CASPO Division University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Meteorology North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections Interdecadal modulation of El Niño amplitude during the past millennium Contribution of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation to twentieth-century global surface temperature trends Overlooked possibility of a collapsed Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in warming climate The global warming hiatus: Slowdown or redistribution? Wave- and Anemometer-Based Sea Surface Wind (WASWind) for Climate Change Analysis North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Global warming–induced changes in El Niño teleconnections over the North Pacific and North America Sea surface temperature variability: Patterns and mechanisms Early 20th-century Arctic warming intensified by Pacific and Atlantic multidecadal variability Recent global-warming hiatus tied to equatorial Pacific surface cooling
Yingying Xie 0000-0002-7759-6178 University of Connecticut Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Green-up of deciduous forest communities of northeastern North America in response to climate variation and climate change
Yulong Xie 0000-0001-5579-482X Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Vulnerability of the US western electric grid to hydro-climatological conditions: How bad can it get?
Zuxin Xie Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Atmospheric Physics Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia RCE-TEA Model analysis of long-term trends of aerosol concentrations and direct radiative forcings over East Asia
Jia Xing 0000-0001-8387-9687 National Exposure Research Laboratory State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Unexpected benefits of reducing aerosol cooling effects Ozone trends across the United States over a period of decreasing NOx and VOC emissions
Jun Xiong National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ames Research Center Oak Ridge Associated Universities ORAU Downscaled climate projections suitable for resource management
Xu Xiong Tulane University Department of Epidemiology Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine Postpartum mental health after Hurricane Katrina: A cohort study Experience of Hurricane Katrina and reported intimate partner violence Disasters and perinatal health: A systematic review Hurricane Katrina and Perinatal Health Hurricane Katrina-related maternal stress, maternal mental health, and early infant temperament Hurricane Katrina experience and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression among pregnant women Loss of resources and hurricane experience as predictors of postpartum depression among women in southern Louisiana Exposure to Hurricane Katrina, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Birth Outcomes
Zhe Xiong Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Atmospheric Physics Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia RCE-TEA A study of dust radiative feedback on dust cycle and meteorology over East Asia by a coupled regional climate-chemistry-aerosol model
Aijun Xiu The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Institute for the Environment The Center for Environmental Modeling for Policy Development CEMPD Projecting wildfire area burned in the south-eastern United States, 2011–60
Elena Xoplaki Geographical Institute of the University of Bern Justus Liebig University Department of Geography Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Climate in Medieval Times Revisited
Baiqing Xu Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research Climate effect of black carbon aerosol in a Tibetan Plateau glacier
Bing Xu Beijing Normal University College of Global Change and Earth System Science Finer resolution observation and monitoring of global land cover: first mapping results with Landsat TM and ETM+ data
Chonggang Xu 0000-0002-0937-5744 Los Alamos National Laboratory Earth and Environmental Sciences Division University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences Multi-scale predictions of massive conifer mortality due to chronic temperature rise Potential effects of interaction between CO2 and temperature on forest landscape response to global warming
Feng Xu University of New Hampshire Department of Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences University of New Hampshire Graduate Program in Genetics University of New Hampshire Northeast Center for Vibrio Disease and Ecology Genetic characterization of clinical and environmental Vibrio parahaemolyticus from the Northeast USA reveals emerging resident and non-indigenous pathogen lineages
Hongzhou Xu Florida International University International Hurricane Research Center The role of mangroves in attenuating storm surges
Huating Xu Hohai University College of Hydrology and Water Resources Michigan State University Department of Geography, Environment, and Spatial Sciences Contribution of temperature and precipitation anomalies to the California drought during 2012–2015
Hui Xu 0000-0003-2994-4892 University of Michigan School for Environment and Sustainability Sensitivity to climate change of land use and management patterns optimized for efficient mitigation of nutrient pollution