People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Anatomy of an Extreme Event Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts Integrating risks of climate change into water management Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days Probable maximum precipitation and climate change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk management and climate change nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Redesigning Flood Insurance
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
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Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
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Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
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