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Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Anatomy of an Extreme Event Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.8: Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk management and climate change Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Redesigning Flood Insurance At War with the Weather: Manag... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions
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Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
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Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
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Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
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Paul Kushner 0000-0002-6404-4518 University of Toronto Department of Physics The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability
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Svetlana I. Kuzmina Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center NIERC Surface air temperature variability and trends in the Arctic: New amplification assessment and regionalisation Arctic climate change: observed and modelled temperature and sea-ice variability
Jens Kværner Bioforsk Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Keith A. Kvenvolden U.S. Geological Survey Methane hydrate — A major reservoir of carbon in the shallow geosphere?
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Mary Kwart Mary Kwart Vulnerability and adaptation to climate-related fire impacts in rural and urban interior Alaska
Alison G. Kwok University of Oregon School of Architecture and Environment Department of Architecture Addressing climate change in comfort standards
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Ronald Kwok 0000-0003-4051-5896 California Institute of Technology NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Toward quantifying the increasing role of oceanic heat in sea ice loss in the new Arctic Uncertainty in modeled Arctic sea ice volume Changing Arctic Ocean freshwater pathways Wind-driven trends in Antarctic sea-ice drift The thinning of Arctic sea ice Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume Decline in Arctic sea ice thickness from submarine and ICESat records: 1958-2008
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MinHo Kwon 0000-0002-5298-131X University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Meteorology El Niño in a changing climate
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