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Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Risk management and climate change Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Redesigning Flood Insurance At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821
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Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
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Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
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Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
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Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data
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