People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Anatomy of an Extreme Event The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Integrating risks of climate change into water management
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk management and climate change Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Redesigning Flood Insurance Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients
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Michael Kunz 0000-0002-0202-9558 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
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Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
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