People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Anatomy of an Extreme Event The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Causes of the 2011–14 California drought A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Integrating risks of climate change into water management Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Redesigning Flood Insurance nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions At War with the Weather: Manag... Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 At War with the Weather: Manag... Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Risk management and climate change Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
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Michael Kunz 0000-0002-0202-9558 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders
Sofyan Kurnianto Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics
Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
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Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure