People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Paul J. Krusic 0000-0001-5358-9697 Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment Global Consequences of Land Use Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations El Niño in a changing climate
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Indigenous Peoples' food syste... Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Anatomy of an Extreme Event
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Risk management and climate change Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions At War with the Weather: Manag... Redesigning Flood Insurance A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA At War with the Weather: Manag... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap...
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Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
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Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
D. Kurz Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits
Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change
Jürgen Kusche 0000-0001-7069-021X University of Bonn Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Revisiting the contemporary sea-level budget on global and regional scales
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Yochanan Kushnir 0000-0003-3312-5160 Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Influence of local and remote SST on North Atlantic tropical cyclone potential intensity Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the Dust Bowl drought? Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic Have Aerosols Caused the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability? Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America Variation of the North Atlantic subtropical high western ridge and its implication to Southeastern US summer precipitation
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Jens Kværner Bioforsk Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
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Mary Kwart Mary Kwart Vulnerability and adaptation to climate-related fire impacts in rural and urban interior Alaska
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MinHo Kwon 0000-0002-5298-131X University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Meteorology El Niño in a changing climate
Amy D. Kyle University of California, Berkeley Environmental Health Sciences Division Understanding the cumulative impacts of inequalities in environmental health: Implications for policy
G. Page Kyle Joint Global Change Research Institute Pacific Northwest National Laboratory University of Maryland, College Park Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: initial experiments using GCAM Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: A multi-model comparison Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks RCP4.5: a pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100 2.6: Limiting climate change to 450 ppm CO2 equivalent in the 21st century Effects of long-term climate change on global building energy expenditures Water demands for electricity generation in the U.S.: Modeling different scenarios for the water–energy nexus
David Kyler Center for a Sustainable Coast Coastal Georgia Development Rates, Patterns, and Impacts, Presentation
Karine Laaidi Institute of Health Watch Heat–Health Warning Systems: A Comparison of the Predictive Capacity of Different Approaches to Identifying Dangerously Hot Days
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Tom A. Lachlan‐Cope British Antarctic Survey Natural Environment Research Council Non‐annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent
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