People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Thomas Krumpen 0000-0001-6234-8756 Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research Sea ice [in Arctic Report Card 2016]
Sagar Krupa University of Minnesota Department of Plant Pathology The Ozone Component of Global Change: Potential Effects on Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Yield, Product Quality and Interactions with Invasive Species
Alan J. Krupnick Resources for the Future Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation
Igor Krupnik National Museum of Natural History Arctic Studies Center The Earth Is Faster Now: Indig... Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge
Gregory A. Kruse Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Floods of September 2010 in Southern Minnesota, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5045
James J. Kruse U.S. Forest Service State and Private Forestry Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems
John Kruse University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research Alaska Inupiat subsistence and wage employment patterns: Understanding individual choice
William A. Kruse Kruse Imaging Emergent crowns and light-use complementarity lead to global maximum biomass and leaf area in Sequoia sempervirens forests
Paul D. Krushelnycky University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Climate-associated population declines reverse recovery and threaten future of an iconic high-elevation plant
Paul J. Krusic 0000-0001-5358-9697 Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
Loeske E. B. Kruuk The Australian National University Research School of Biology University of Edinburgh Institute of Evolutionary Biology Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels
Michael Ku New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Bureau of Air Quality Analysis and Research Simulating changes in regional air pollution over the eastern United States due to changes in global and regional climate and emissions
Stevenson Kuartei Republic of Palau Ministry of Health An assessment of non-communicable diseases, diabetes, and related risk factors in the Republic of Palau: A systems perspective
Rick Kubian Parks Canada Lake Louise, Yoho and Kootenay Field Unit Resource Conservation Temperate and boreal forest mega-fires: Characteristics and challenges
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Ida Kubiszewski 0000-0003-3264-7899 The Australian National University Crawford School of Public Policy Changes in the global value of ecosystem services
Kerstin A. Kübler Swedish Museum of Natural History European phenological response to climate change matches the warming pattern
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity Global Consequences of Land Use
Lauren M. Kucirka Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Department of Surgery Assessing the global threat from Zika virus
Raphael M. Kudela 0000-0002-8640-1205 University of California, Santa Cruz Department of Ocean Sciences University of California, Santa Cruz Institute of Marine Sciences State of the California Current 2016-2017: Still anything but “normal” in the north Harmful algal blooms along the North American west coast region: History, trends, causes, and impacts An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions Initial skill assessment of the California Harmful Algae Risk Mapping (C-HARM) system
Matthias Kudella Coastal Research Center Wave attenuation over coastal salt marshes under storm surge conditions
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Christoph Kueffer ETH Zurich Department of Environmental Systems Science ETH Zurich Institute of Integrative Biology Managing the whole landscape: historical, hybrid, and novel ecosystems
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Frans Kuenen VU University Amsterdam Department of Ecological Science Adapt or disperse: Understanding species persistence in a changing world
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Lara M. Kueppers 0000-0002-8134-3579 University of California, Merced School of Natural Sciences Biophysical considerations in forestry for climate protection
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations El Niño in a changing climate
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Daniel Kugler Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service Enhancing conservation on agricultural landscapes: A new direction for the Conservation Effects Assessment Project
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Ingolf Kühn German Centre of Integrative Biodiversity Research iDiv Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research Department of Community Ecology Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Department of Geobotany and Botanical Garden No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment CINE McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity Food security in Nunavut, Canada: Barriers and recommendations Indigenous Peoples' food syste...
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback
Jan J. Kuiper 0000-0002-6655-9355 Netherlands Institute of Ecology Department of Aquatic Ecology How models can support ecosystem-based management of coral reefs
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Anatomy of an Extreme Event A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors?
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Integrating risks of climate change into water management CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Risk management and climate change nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Redesigning Flood Insurance
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients
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Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children
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Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders
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