People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Garrit Voggesser National Wildlife Federation National Wildlife Federation Tribal Partnerships Program Cultural impacts to tribes from climate change influences on forests The impacts of climate change on tribal traditional foods nca3 chapter 12 : Indigenous Peoples, Lands, and Resources
Jürgen Vogt 0000-0003-2955-9484 European Commission Joint Research Centre Magnitude of extreme heat waves in present climate and their projection in a warming world
Manuel Vogt ETH Zurich Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics Environmental Physics Group Drivers and uncertainties of future global marine primary production in marine ecosystem models
Rolf D. Vogt University of Oslo Department of Chemistry Quantifying the Drivers of the Increasing Colored Organic Matter in Boreal Surface Waters
Erin P. Voigt U.S. National Park Service Fort Sumter National Monument U.S. National Park Service Southeast Coast Inventory and Monitoring Network Biocalcification in the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) in Relation to Long-term Trends in Chesapeake Bay pH
Nathalie Voisin 0000-0002-6848-449X Pacific Northwest National Laboratory University of Washington Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Climate change impacts on water management in the Puget Sound region, Washington State, USA Investigating the nexus of climate, energy, water, and land at decision-relevant scales: the Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA) Climate change impacts on water management and irrigated agriculture in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, USA Implications of 21st century climate change for the hydrology of Washington State The influence of large dams on surrounding climate and precipitation patterns
Richard A. Voldseth North Dakota State University School of Natural Resource Sciences Impacts of climate change on land-use and wetland productivity in the Prairie Pothole Region of North America
Richard Volk U.S. Agency for International Development Office of Water Practicing Coastal Adaptation to Climate Change: Lessons from Integrated Coastal Management
April Volke Joint Global Change Research Institute Pacific Northwest National Laboratory University of Maryland, College Park RCP4.5: a pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100
Eliane Voll Federal University of Minas Gerais Center for Remote Sensing Modelling conservation in the Amazon basin
E.M. Volodin Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Numerical Mathematics Causes and implications of persistent atmospheric carbon dioxide biases in Earth System Models Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century
W. von Bloh Long-Term Climate Commitments Projected with Climate–Carbon Cycle Models
Joachim Von Braun 0000-0001-6571-4838 Center for Development Research Department of Economic and Technical Change ZEF Climate change impacts on global food security
Jannis Von Buttlar Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry Carbon cycle extremes during the 21st century in CMIP5 models: Future evolution and attribution to climatic drivers
Anna S von der Heydt 0000-0002-5557-3282 Utrecht University Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research North Atlantic multidecadal climate variability: An investigation of dominant time scales and processes Making sense of palaeoclimate sensitivity On the state dependency of fast feedback processes in (paleo) climate sensitivity
Cedric Vonesch Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne Biomedical Imaging Group BIG Variability of winter storminess in the eastern United States during the twentieth century from tide gauges
Dag Vongraven 0000-0002-0505-7757 Norwegian Polar Institute Arctic marine mammal population status, sea ice habitat loss, and conservation recommendations for the 21st century
Lucien von Gunten 0000-0003-0425-2881 Geographical Institute of the University of Bern Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research Past Global Changes International Project Office Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction during the last millennium using multiple annual proxies
Jost von Hardenberg 0000-0002-5312-8070 Institute of Atmospheric and Climate Sciences ISAC On the key role of droughts in the dynamics of summer fires in Mediterranean Europe
Stephanie von Klot Helmholtz Centre Munich German Research Center for Environmental Health Institute of Epidemiology II Temperature, myocardial infarction, and mortality: Effect modification by individual- and area-level characteristics
Martin Von Lampe Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks
Erika von Mutius 0000-0002-8893-4515 Ludwig-Maximilians University The asthma epidemic
Knut von Salzen Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis Improved constraints on 21st-century warming derived using 160 years of temperature observations One hundred years of Arctic surface temperature variation due to anthropogenic influence
Karina von Schuckmann French National Center for Scientific Research CNRS Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography Mercator Ocean Evaluation of the global mean sea level budget between 1993 and 2014 Earth's energy imbalance and implications Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: Evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2°C global warming could be dangerous
Christoph von Stechow Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group III Technical Support Unit Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research IPCC: Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation: Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change: IPCC Working Group III Contribution to AR5
Rudolf von Steiger 0000-0002-3350-0023 International Space Science Institute Earth Gravity Field from Space...
Hans von Storch 0000-0002-5825-8069 Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Institute for Coastal Research Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta—the Netherlands as an example Regional climate models add value to global model data: A review and selected examples
Detlof von Winterfeldt University of Southern California Advances in Decision Analysis:...
A. Scott Voorhees U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Climate Change-Related Temperature Impacts on Warm Season Heat Mortality: A Proof-of-Concept Methodology Using BenMAP
Sergi Vorogushyn 0000-0003-4639-7982 Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences HESS Opinions “More efforts and scientific rigour are needed to attribute trends in flood time series”
Charles J. Vörösmarty The City College of New York Department of Civil Engineering Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations
Adam Vorsino 0000-0001-8797-2467 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service nca4 chapter 27 : Hawai‘i and US-Affiliated Pacific Islands Large-scale range collapse of Hawaiian forest birds under climate change and the need 21st century conservation options
James M. Vose U.S. Forest Service U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station North Carolina State University Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources U.S. Forest Service Southern Research Station Center for Integrated Forest Science 6.6: Forest Disturbances Across the United States Complex forest dynamics indicate potential for slowing carbon accumulation in the southeastern United States Effects of Climatic Variability and Change on Forest Ecosystems: A Comprehensive Science Synthesis for the U.S. Forest Sector Climate Change Adaptation and ... Climate Change and United Stat... 6.3: Fire Damage in Gatlinburg, Tennessee Future species composition will affect forest water use after loss of eastern hemlock from southern Appalachian forests Contributing factors for drought in United States forest ecosystems under projected future climates and their uncertainty 6.1: Climate Change Effects on Ecosystem Services nca4 chapter 6 : Forests Effects of Drought on Forests and Rangelands in the United States: A comprehensive science synthesis
Russell S. Vose 0000-0002-6669-3319 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate Projections of Future Drought in the Continental United States and Mexico An intercomparison of temperature trends in the U.S. Historical Climatology Network and recent atmospheric reanalyses 6.1: Observed Changes in Annual, Winter, and Summer Temperature 6.3: Observed Changes in the Coldest and Warmest Temperatures 6.4: Observed Changes in Cold and Heat Waves The definition of the standard WMO climate normal: The key to deriving alternative climate normals nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 3ae87b76-04af-4553-9e9c-9fe3e4bf7668 Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge Maximum and minimum temperature trends for the globe: An update through 2004 Deriving historical temperature and precipitation time series for Alaska climate divisions via climatologically aided interpolation An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network-Daily Database Possible Artifacts of Data Biases in the Recent Global Surface Warming Hiatus Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 1.7: Annually-Averaged Precipitation Trends 1.3: Surface Temperature Change nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I NOAA's Merged Land–Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis 6.9: Projected Changes in Maximum and Minimum Temperatures nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 6.8: Projected Change in Coldest and Warmest Daily Temperatures Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves The U.S. Historical Climatology Network Monthly Temperature Data, Version 2 An overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network monthly mean temperature data set, version 3 nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 8e74f576-a5af-46c0-b33a-f30072118b86 -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation Megadroughts in North America: placing IPCC projections of hydroclimatic change in a long-term palaeoclimate context 6.5: Observed Changes in the Occurrence of Record-Setting Daily Temperatures Improved Historical Temperature and Precipitation Time Series for U.S. Climate Divisions
Clifford I. Voss 0000-0001-5923-2752 U.S. Geological Survey National Research Program Seawater-flooding events and impact on freshwater lenses of low-lying islands: Controlling factors, basic management and mitigation
F. Voss U.S. Geological Survey Washington Water Science Center Identifying stakeholder-relevant climate change impacts: A case study in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, USA Climate change and Yakama Nation tribal well-being
Jochen Voss 0000-0002-2323-3814 University of Leeds School of Mathematics Challenges in quantifying Pliocene terrestrial warming revealed by data-model discord
Paul R. Voss The Howard W. Odum Institute for Research in Social Science Small-area population forecasting: borrowing strength across space and time
Apostolos Voulgarakis Columbia University Goddard Institute for Space Studies Imperial College London Department of Physics University of Patras School of Medicine Department of Public Health Environmental Microbiology Unit El Niño and health risks from landscape fire emissions in southeast Asia Shellfish-borne viral outbreaks: A systematic review Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations
Gwenaël Vourc'h National Institute of Agricultural Research UR346 Animal Epidemiology Field and climate-based model for predicting the density of host-seeking nymphal Ixodes scapularis , an important vector of tick-borne disease agents in the eastern United States
George L. Vourlitis California State University, San Marcos Evidence and Implications of Recent Climate Change in Northern Alaska and Other Arctic Regions
Nikol Voutsina University of Delaware College of Earth, Ocean, & Environment The facilitative role of Kosteletzkya pentacarpos in transitioning coastal agricultural land to wetland during sea level rise
Mathieu Vrac Center for Integrating Statistical and Environmental Science The University of Chicago A general method for validating statistical downscaling methods under future climate change Statistical downscaling of precipitation through nonhomogeneous stochastic weather typing
Peter S. Vroom Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research An Overview of Marine Biodiversity in United States Waters
Rose F. Vrtis Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Population Health Sciences Recent warming by latitude associated with increased length of ragweed pollen season in central North America
Jasper A. Vrugt 0000-0003-2599-1165 University of Callifornia, Irvine Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of California, Irvine Department of Earth System Science Predicting nonstationary flood frequencies: Evidence supports an updated stationarity thesis in the United States
H.-B. Vu University of California, Riverside Air Pollution Research Center University of California, Riverside Department of Botany and Plant Sciences University of California, Riverside Kearney Agricultural Center KARE O3 impacts on plant development: a meta-analysis of root/shoot allocation and growth
J. C. V. Vu U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Temperature and Carbon Dioxide Effects on Nutritive Value of Rhizoma Peanut Herbage
John A. Vucetich Michigan Technological University School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science Genetic rescue in Isle Royale wolves: Genetic analysis and the collapse of the population Trophic cascades in a multicausal world: Isle Royale and Yellowstone
Leah M. Vucetich Michigan Technological University School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science Genetic rescue in Isle Royale wolves: Genetic analysis and the collapse of the population
Duc J. Vugia California Department of Public Health California Department of Public Health Infectious Diseases Branch Increasing Rates of Vibriosis in the United States, 1996-2010: Review of Surveillance Data From 2 Systems Impact of 2003 State Regulation on Raw Oyster–associated Vibrio vulnificus Illnesses and Deaths, California, USA
Valery Vuglinsky Russian State Hydrological Institute SHI Past and Future Changes in Arctic Lake and River Ice
Eric D. Vugrin Sandia National Laboratories Infrastructure resilience assessment through control design Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities. Technical Report to the U.S. Department of Energy in Support of the National Climate Assessment
Jeff Vukovich Research Triangle Institute U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technical Support Document (TSD): Preparation of Emissions Inventories for the Version 6.2, 2011 Emissions Modeling Platform An expatriate red tide bloom: Transport, distribution, and persistence
Holly Vuong Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources Hosts as ecological traps for the vector of Lyme disease
Jeff Waage Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: food and agriculture
Marc Waage Denver Water Decision Support Planning Methods: Incorporating Climate Change Uncertainties Into Water Planning. Water Utility Climate Alliance White Paper Two Faces of Uncertainty: Climate Science and Water Utility Planning Methods
Rob Waara South Florida / Caribbean Inventory & Monitoring Network Coral disease following massive bleaching in 2005 causes 60% decline in coral cover on reefs in the US Virgin Islands
Colette C. C. Wabnitz University of British Columbia Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries Finding the way to the top: How the composition of oceanic mid-trophic micronekton groups determines apex predator biomass in the central North Pacific
Susan Wachter Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model—A Map-Based Multicriteria Ecological, Economic, and Community Land-Use Planning Tool: US Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5181
Yoshihide Wada 0000-0003-4770-2539 Columbia University Center for Climate Systems Research Goddard Institute for Space Studies International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Utrecht University Department of Physical Geography Ground water and climate change Evaluation of the global mean sea level budget between 1993 and 2014 Fate of water pumped from underground and contributions to sea-level rise Twentieth-Century Global-Mean Sea Level Rise: Is the Whole Greater than the Sum of the Parts? Recent changes in land water storage and its contribution to sea level variations
Jeannette E. Waddell National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 73
Alisa A. Wade National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis University of Montana Flathead Biological Station Fish and Wildlife Genomics Group University of Montana Flathead Lake Biological Station Genetic diversity is related to climatic variation and vulnerability in threatened bull trout Restoring salmon habitat for a changing climate Accounting for adaptive capacity and uncertainty in assessments of species’ climate-change vulnerability
Andrew J. Wade 0000-0002-5296-8350 University of Reading Aquatic Environments Research Centre University of Reading Department of Geography and Environmental Science University of Reading Walker Institute Future changes in atmospheric rivers and their implications for winter flooding in Britain Potential impacts of climate change on water quality and ecology in six UK rivers A review of the potential impacts of climate change on surface water quality
Timothy G. Wade National Exposure Research Laboratory U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development Empirical analysis of the influence of forest extent on annual and seasonal surface temperatures for the continental United States Combining NLCD and MODIS to create a land cover-albedo database for the continental United States Comparison of cropland and forest surface temperatures across the conterminous United States An isoline separating relatively warm from relatively cool wintertime forest surface temperatures for the southeastern United States
Timothy J. Wade National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Extreme precipitation and emergency room visits for gastrointestinal illness in areas with and without combined sewer systems: An analysis of Massachusetts data, 2003-2007 Surveillance for waterborne disease outbreaks associated with drinking water---United States, 2007--2008 Causes of outbreaks associated with drinking water in the United States from 1971 to 2006 Water quality indicators and the risk of illness at beaches with nonpoint sources of fecal contamination
Martha E. Wadsworth University of Denver Department of Psychology Coping with displacement from Hurricane Katrina: Predictors of one-year post-traumatic stress and depression symptom trajectories
Amy Wagener World Resources Institute Understanding the Ancillary Effects of Climate Change Policies: A Research Agenda
Bernd Wagner University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Carola Wagner Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries Cyanobacteria dominance: Quantifying the effects of climate change
Christopher J. Wagner Harvard School of Public Health Department of Environmental Health Interaction of the Onset of Spring and Elevated Atmospheric CO2 on Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) Pollen Production
David Wagner University of Connecticut Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Climate-associated phenological advances in bee pollinators and bee-pollinated plants Autumn, the neglected season in climate change research
Gernot Wagner Harvard University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Tipping elements and climate–economic shocks: Pathways toward integrated assessment
Michael R. Wagner Northern Arizona University Restoring ecosystem health in ponderosa pine forests of the Southwest
Sebastian Wagner 0000-0001-5603-3897 Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Institute for Coastal Research Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
Thomas Wagner 0000-0001-9149-0305 University of Graz Institute for Earth Sciences Impacts of climate change on stream flow and hydro power generation in the Alpine region
Thomas Wagner Max Planck Institute for Chemistry Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Till Wagner 0000-0003-4572-1285 University of California, San Diego How climate model complexity influences sea ice stability
Wolfgang Wagner 0000-0001-7704-6857 Vienna University of Technology Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Evaluating global trends (1988-2010) in harmonized multi-satellite surface soil moisture Trend-preserving blending of passive and active microwave soil moisture retrievals
Jan W. van Wagtendonk U.S. Geological Survey Western Ecological Research Center Yosemite-Oakhurst Field Station Climatic water deficit, tree species ranges, and climate change in Yosemite National Park
Eugene R. Wahl National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Paleoclimatology Program National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI A 1500-year reconstruction of annual mean temperature for temperate North America on decadal-to-multidecadal time scales Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I Fire-climate interactions in the American West since 1400 CE Multi-century evaluation of Sierra Nevada snowpack 6.2: Pollen-Based Temperature Reconstruction Comparative performance of paleoclimate field and index reconstructions derived from climate proxies and noise-only predictors Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
Martin Wahl 0000-0001-8703-3857 GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel Macroalgae may mitigate ocean acidification effects on mussel calcification by increasing pH and its fluctuations
Robert Wahl 0000-0003-4720-9859 Michigan Department of Community Health Michigan Climate and Health Adaptation Plan (MICHAP) 2010 – 2015 Strategic Plan
Thomas Wahl University of Siegen Research Centre University of South Florida College of Marine Science Evidence for multidecadal variability in US extreme sea level records Increasing risk of compound flooding from storm surge and rainfall for major US cities USACE adaptation approach for future coastal climate conditions Climate controls multidecadal variability in U. S. extreme sea level records
Richard A. Wahle University of Maine School of Marine Sciences Ocean and coastal acidification off New England and Nova Scotia Fisheries management in a changing climate: Lessons from the 2012 ocean heat wave in the Northwest Atlantic Climate vulnerability and resilience in the most valuable North American fishery
John Wahr 0000-0002-1330-1537 Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences CIRES University of Colorado Boulder Department of Physics University of Colorado Boulder Antarctic contribution to sea level rise observed by GRACE with improved GIA correction Sustained mass loss of the northeast Greenland ice sheet triggered by regional warming A Reconciled Estimate of Ice-Sheet Mass Balance Spread of ice mass loss into northwest Greenland observed by GRACE and GPS 11: Decrease in Greenland Ice Sheet Evidence and analysis of 2012 Greenland records from spaceborne observations, a regional climate model and reanalysis data Time-variable gravity observations of ice sheet mass balance: Precision and limitations of the GRACE satellite data Recent contributions of glaciers and ice caps to sea level rise
Timothy Waidmann 0000-0001-7221-5068 Urban Institute Excess Mortality among Blacks and Whites in the United States
Lisa Wainger University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science The Economics of Wetland Ecosystem Restoration and Mitigation: Landscape Indicators of Ecosystem Service Benefits
Michelle Wainstein Washington Sea Grant An Overview of Marine Biodiversity in United States Waters
Thomas C. Wainwright 0000-0001-5147-479X Northwest Fisheries Science Center Newport Research Station Effects of climate change on Oregon coast coho salmon: Habitat and life-cycle interactions
Thomas Waite 0000-0001-9419-1765 Public Health England Extreme Events and Health Protection Carbon monoxide poisoning and flooding: Changes in risk before, during and after flooding require appropriate public health interventions
Cameron Wake 0000-0002-5961-5902 University of New Hampshire Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space Past and future changes in climate and hydrological indicators in the US Northeast An integrated climate change assessment for the Northeast United States
Leanne Mary Wake 0000-0003-1531-6473 University of Calgary Department of Geography Twentieth-Century Global-Mean Sea Level Rise: Is the Whole Greater than the Sum of the Parts?
Mark R. Walbridge U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Enhancing conservation on agricultural landscapes: A new direction for the Conservation Effects Assessment Project
William F. Walby University of California, Davis Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Cell Biology 6.6-hour inhalation of ozone concentrations from 60 to 87 parts per billion in healthy humans
Kia C. Walcott Duke University Integrated Toxicology and Environmental Health Program The toxicology of climate change: Environmental contaminants in a warming world
Nicole E. Walczyk 0000-0001-5115-7583 Macquarie University Division of Environmental Sciences Department of Physical Geography Impacts of climate change on plant food allergens: A previously unrecognized threat to human health
George G. Waldbusser 0000-0002-8334-580X Oregon State University College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, shows negative correlation to naturally elevated carbon dioxide levels: Implications for near-term ocean acidification effects Mitigating Local Causes of Ocean Acidification with Existing Laws Ocean acidification in the coastal zone from an organism's perspective: Multiple system parameters, frequency domains, and habitats Biocalcification in the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) in Relation to Long-term Trends in Chesapeake Bay pH
Stephanie Waldhoff Joint Global Change Research Institute Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Multi-Model Framework for Quantitative Sectoral Impacts Analysis Valuing the ozone-related health benefits of methane emission controls
John R. Waldman Queens College Department of Biology City University of New York - Hunter College Prospects for Resilience: Insi... Dramatic Declines in North Atlantic Diadromous Fishes