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Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season
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