People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.8: Projected Temperature Change Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation Probable maximum precipitation and climate change fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation
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