People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Anatomy of an Extreme Event Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Integrating risks of climate change into water management Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Probable maximum precipitation and climate change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World At War with the Weather: Manag... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Risk management and climate change Redesigning Flood Insurance Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming
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Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
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Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
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