People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Anatomy of an Extreme Event The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Causes of the 2011–14 California drought
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts Integrating risks of climate change into water management
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Redesigning Flood Insurance Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk management and climate change A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag...
Georges Kunstler 0000-0002-2544-1940 Institute for Environmental Science and Technology Research CEMAGREF Macquarie University Department of Biological Sciences National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture Mountain Ecosystems Research Unit IRSTEA UR EMGR Climate-driven change in plant–insect interactions along elevation gradients Disparity in elevational shifts of European trees in response to recent climate warming
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
Kristin Kuntz-Duriseti Climate Change Science and Pol...
Michael Kunz 0000-0002-0202-9558 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X Autonomous University of Barcelona Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies ICREA Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Tina Kunz-Plapp Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology CEDEM Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Geophysical Institute GPI Investigation of superstorm Sandy 2012 in a multi-disciplinary approach
Chao-yang Kuo 0000-0002-5261-5045 Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Kevin C. Kuo University of Michigan Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan School of Public Policy Record-setting algal bloom in Lake Erie caused by agricultural and meteorological trends consistent with expected future conditions
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Dane M. Kuppinger 0000-0003-3818-9948 Oberlin College and Conservatory Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Biology Predicting the post-fire establishment and persistence of an invasive tree species across a complex landscape
Evan R. Kuras University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Environmental Conservation Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA
Natalie Kurashima 0000-0002-5241-8025 Kamehameha Schools University of Hawai'i at Manoa Department of Botany Bringing multiple values to the table: Assessing future land-use and climate change in North Kona, Hawai’i
Lado Kurdgelashvili University of Delaware Center for Energy and Environmental Policy CEEP Estimating technical potential for rooftop photovoltaics in California, Arizona and New Jersey
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
E. K. Kurien Kerala Agricultural University Academy of Climate Change Education and Research Heat stress and dairy cow: Impact on both milk yield and composition
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Yoshiaki Kuriyama Port and Airport Research Institute Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation
Thomas A. Kurkowski Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Downscaling of climate model output for Alaskan stakeholders Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
Sofyan Kurnianto Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics
Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
D. Kurz Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits
Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere Quantifying the biophysical climate change mitigation potential of Canada's forest sector second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Relationships between individual-tree mortality and water-balance variables indicate positive trends in water stress-induced tree mortality across North America Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis
Jürgen Kusche 0000-0001-7069-021X University of Bonn Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Revisiting the contemporary sea-level budget on global and regional scales
Paul Kushner 0000-0002-6404-4518 University of Toronto Department of Physics The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability
Yochanan Kushnir 0000-0003-3312-5160 Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Climate change in the Fertile Crescent and implications of the recent Syrian drought Influence of local and remote SST on North Atlantic tropical cyclone potential intensity Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America Have Aerosols Caused the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability? Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the Dust Bowl drought? Variation of the North Atlantic subtropical high western ridge and its implication to Southeastern US summer precipitation