People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise
Michio Kumagai 0000-0002-0648-3061 Ritsumeikan University Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Anatomy of an Extreme Event Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture How do various maize crop models vary in their responses to climate change factors? Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Ravind Kumar Fiji Meteorological Service An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the western Pacific
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production Similar estimates of temperature impacts on global wheat yield by three independent methods
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Integrating risks of climate change into water management Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights climate-science-special-report chapter 7 : Precipitation Change in the United States 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 15 : Potential Surprises: Compound Extremes and Tipping Elements 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement climate-science-special-report chapter 6 : Temperature Changes in the United States 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies climate-science-special-report chapter 9 : Extreme Storms 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 climate-science-special-report chapter 8 : Droughts, Floods, and Wildfires 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation climate-science-special-report chapter 1 : Our Globally Changing Climate 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation