People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Indigenous Peoples' food syste... Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Anatomy of an Extreme Event Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.8: Projected Temperature Change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Risk management and climate change Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 At War with the Weather: Manag... Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action At War with the Weather: Manag... Redesigning Flood Insurance Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.