People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Indigenous Peoples' food syste... Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? Anatomy of an Extreme Event Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.8: Projected Temperature Change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk management and climate change At War with the Weather: Manag... Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Redesigning Flood Insurance At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.