People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Paul B. Krummel 0000-0002-4884-3678 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Atmospheric Research Evidence for variability of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals over the past quarter century
Thomas Krumpen 0000-0001-6234-8756 Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research Sea ice [in Arctic Report Card 2016]
Sagar Krupa University of Minnesota Department of Plant Pathology The Ozone Component of Global Change: Potential Effects on Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Yield, Product Quality and Interactions with Invasive Species
Alan J. Krupnick Resources for the Future Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector
Igor Krupnik National Museum of Natural History Arctic Studies Center The Earth Is Faster Now: Indig... Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge
Gregory A. Kruse Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Floods of September 2010 in Southern Minnesota, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5045
James J. Kruse U.S. Forest Service State and Private Forestry Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems
John Kruse University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research Alaska Inupiat subsistence and wage employment patterns: Understanding individual choice
Paul D. Krushelnycky University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences Climate-associated population declines reverse recovery and threaten future of an iconic high-elevation plant
Paul J. Krusic 0000-0001-5358-9697 Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia
David S. Kubien University of Toronto Department of Botany Quo vadis C4? An ecophysiological perspective on global change and the future of C4 plants
Michael Kuby 0000-0002-7988-5766 Arizona State University nca3 chapter 5 : Transportation
Paul Kucera National Center for Atmospheric Research The Great Colorado Flood of September 2013
Christopher A. Kucharik University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences Department of Agronomy University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment Global Consequences of Land Use Direct human influence on atmospheric CO2 seasonality from increased cropland productivity
Mali'o Kudis Brown University Department of Geological Sciences Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin
Gaku Kudo 0000-0002-6488-818X Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Early onset of spring increases the phenological mismatch between plants and pollinators
Norma J. Kuehn Booz Allen Hamilton Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants Volume 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Revision 2, November 2010. DOE/NETL-2010/1397
Matthew Kuehnert 0000-0001-5390-0465 National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Office of Blood, Organ, and Other Tissue Safety Current practices and evaluation of screening solid organ donors for West Nile virus
Amy J. Kuenzi The University of Arizona School of Renewable Natural Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Science Brush mouse (Peromyscus boylii) population dynamics and hantavirus infection during a warm, drought period in southern Arizona
Ilsa Kuffner 0000-0001-8804-7847 U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Geological Survey Florida Integrated Science Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies Decreased abundance of crustose coralline algae due to ocean acidification A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations
Jong-Seong Kug Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute Changes in El Niño and La Niña teleconnections over North Pacific–America in the global warming simulations El Niño in a changing climate
Richard K. Kugblenu U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Case Series: Chikungunya and dengue at a forward operating location
Kiersten J. Kugeler National Center for Zoonotic Vector-Borne and Enteric Disease Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases Surveillance for Lyme disease--United States, 1992-2006
Katrina Fischer Kuh Pace University The Law Adaptation to Climate ...
Norbert Kühl University of Bonn Steinmann Institute for Palaeobotany A model-data comparison of European temperatures in the Eemian interglacial
Peter Kuhn Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Biotech Center Alaskan wild berry resources and human health under the cloud of climate change
Harriet V. Kuhnlein Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment McGill University School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition Arctic indigenous peoples experience the nutrition transition with changing dietary patterns and obesity Indigenous Peoples' food syste...
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Anatomy of an Extreme Event Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions Probable maximum precipitation and climate change nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.8: Projected Temperature Change Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk management and climate change At War with the Weather: Manag... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... At War with the Weather: Manag... nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Redesigning Flood Insurance Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...