People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Redesigning Flood Insurance At War with the Weather: Manag... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk management and climate change Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
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