People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk management and climate change At War with the Weather: Manag... A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA At War with the Weather: Manag... Redesigning Flood Insurance nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions
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Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
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