People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Peter Kuhry Stockholm University Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Department of Physical Geography Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon–climate feedback Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region
Jan J. Kuiper 0000-0002-6655-9355 Netherlands Institute of Ecology Department of Aquatic Ecology How models can support ecosystem-based management of coral reefs
Greg Kujawa U.S. Forest Service Forest Management Service
Elizabeth B. Kujawinski 0000-0001-8261-971X Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Molecular characterization of dissolved organic matter associated with the Greenland ice sheet
Meetpal S. Kukal 0000-0001-6589-3426 University of Nebraska-Lincoln Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the U.S. Great Plains agricultural production
Maaret Kukkonen University of Cologne Institute of Geology and Mineralogy 2.8 Million Years of Arctic Climate Change from Lake El'gygytgyn, NE Russia
Kalev Kuklane 0000-0003-3169-436X Lund University Faculty of Engineering LTH Thermal Environment Laboratory Effects of heat stress on working populations when facing climate change
Kelly R. Kukowski Texas State University Department of Biology Hydraulic responses to extreme drought conditions in three co-dominant tree species in shallow soil over bedrock
Dominik Kulakowski 0000-0002-7576-3569 Clark University Graduate School of Geography Large carbon release legacy from bark beetle outbreaks across Western United States
Abraham Kulangara Association of State and Territorial Health Officials 3rd National Climate Assessment Feedback Report. Reference Number 2011-0059
Ranjani Wasantha Kulawardhana 0000-0001-7918-7514 Texas A&M University Department of Ecosystem Science and Management Historical reconstruction of mangrove expansion in the Gulf of Mexico: Linking climate change with carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands
Kathy Kuletz U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fluxes, Fins, and Feathers: Relationships Among the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas in a Time of Climate Change
Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA Satellite, Data, and Information Service Center for Satellite Applications and Research Satellite sub-pixel rainfall variability
Manisha A. Kulkarni 0000-0002-5084-4960 University of Ottawa School of Epidemiology and Public Health Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil
Christian A. Kull 0000-0002-7516-7898 Monash University School of Geography and Environmental Science Fire in the Earth System
Jaakko Kullberg Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming
Markku Kulmala 0000-0003-3464-7825 University of Helsinki Department of Physics Global observations of aerosol–cloud–precipitation–climate interactions
Andrew Kulmatiski 0000-0001-9977-5508 Utah State University Department of Plants, Soils and Climate Woody plant encroachment facilitated by increased precipitation intensity
Scott Kulp 0000-0003-1435-7943 Climate Central Rapid escalation of coastal flood exposure in US municipalities from sea level rise Consequences of twenty-first-century policy for multi-millennial climate and sea-level change Carbon choices determine US cities committed to futures below sea level Evolving understanding of Antarctic ice‐sheet physics and ambiguity in probabilistic sea‐level projections
Arun Kumar National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center National Weather Service Environmental Modeling Center National Weather Service National Centers for Environmental Prediction Causes and predictability of the 2012 Great Plains drought Robustness of the nonlinear climate response to ENSO’s extreme phases Annual Cycle of Pacific–North American Seasonal Predictability Associated with Different Phases of ENSO Causes of the 2011–14 California drought Why Did Large Differences Arise in the Sea Surface Temperature Datasets across the Tropical Pacific during 2012? The making of an extreme event: Putting the pieces together Anatomy of an Extreme Event Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing A retrospective assessment of National Centers for Environmental Prediction climate model–based ensemble hydrologic forecasting in the western United States Hurricanes and Climate: The U.S. CLIVAR Working Group on Hurricanes
Devashish Kumar 0000-0003-1495-5089 Northeastern University Sustainability and Data Sciences Laboratory Regional and seasonal intercomparison of CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate model ensembles for temperature and precipitation
Emani Kumar ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability Meta-principles for developing smart, sustainable, and healthy cities
Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute Climatic effects of 1950–2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols – Part 2: Climate response Climatic effects of 1950-2050 changes in US anthropogenic aerosols - Part 1: Aerosol trends and radiative forcing
Roselyn Kumar 0000-0002-3940-0488 University of the South Pacific Pacific Studies Culturally grounded responses to coastal change on islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, northwest Pacific Ocean
Sanjiv Kumar Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of Historical Simulations of Intraseasonal to Decadal Variability North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections Intermodel variability and mechanism attribution of central and southeastern U.S. anomalous cooling in the twentieth century as simulated by CMIP5 models
Christian D. Kummerow Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Synthesis of public water supply use in the United States: Spatio-temporal patterns and socio-economic controls 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Redesigning Flood Insurance Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications At War with the Weather: Manag... At War with the Weather: Manag... Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Risk management and climate change Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World
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