People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management? Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 North Carolina State University Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Midwestern Regional Climate Center Midwestern Climate Center Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton nca4 Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises -.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval Indicator: Heavy Precipitation -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days -.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation -.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk management and climate change nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... Redesigning Flood Insurance Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
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Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Tom Kurkowski University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
D. Kurz Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits
Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget
Jürgen Kusche 0000-0001-7069-021X University of Bonn Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Revisiting the contemporary sea-level budget on global and regional scales
Paul Kushner 0000-0002-6404-4518 University of Toronto Department of Physics The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability
Yochanan Kushnir 0000-0003-3312-5160 Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Variation of the North Atlantic subtropical high western ridge and its implication to Southeastern US summer precipitation Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the Dust Bowl drought? Have Aerosols Caused the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability? Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic Influence of local and remote SST on North Atlantic tropical cyclone potential intensity
William P. Kustas 0000-0001-5727-4350 U.S. Department of Agriculture Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory Remote Sensing of the Terrestr...
M. Deniz Kustu Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Evidence of enhanced precipitation due to irrigation over the Great Plains of the United States
Lynn Kutner Precious Heritage: The Status ...
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Svetlana I. Kuzmina Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center NIERC Arctic climate change: observed and modelled temperature and sea-ice variability Surface air temperature variability and trends in the Arctic: New amplification assessment and regionalisation
Jens Kværner Bioforsk Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Keith A. Kvenvolden U.S. Geological Survey Methane hydrate — A major reservoir of carbon in the shallow geosphere?
Jaap Kwadijk 0000-0003-2980-2464 Deltares Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta—the Netherlands as an example
Mary Kwart Mary Kwart Vulnerability and adaptation to climate-related fire impacts in rural and urban interior Alaska
Jeffrey Kwok The Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of Medicine and Therapeutics Recurrent heat-related illnesses during antipsychotic treatment
Ronald Kwok 0000-0003-4051-5896 California Institute of Technology NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Decline in Arctic sea ice thickness from submarine and ICESat records: 1958-2008 Changing Arctic Ocean freshwater pathways Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations Uncertainty in modeled Arctic sea ice volume Toward quantifying the increasing role of oceanic heat in sea ice loss in the new Arctic CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume The thinning of Arctic sea ice Wind-driven trends in Antarctic sea-ice drift
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G. Page Kyle Joint Global Change Research Institute Pacific Northwest National Laboratory University of Maryland, College Park Effects of long-term climate change on global building energy expenditures Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: A multi-model comparison Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: initial experiments using GCAM RCP4.5: a pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100 2.6: Limiting climate change to 450 ppm CO2 equivalent in the 21st century
David Kyler Center for a Sustainable Coast Coastal Georgia Development Rates, Patterns, and Impacts, Presentation
Karine Laaidi Institute of Health Watch Heat–Health Warning Systems: A Comparison of the Predictive Capacity of Different Approaches to Identifying Dangerously Hot Days
Maria Laamanen Finnish Institute of Marine Research Long-term changes in summer phytoplankton communities of the open northern Baltic Sea
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Zouhair Lachkar ETH Zurich Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics Rapid Progression of Ocean Acidification in the California Current System
Tom A. Lachlan‐Cope British Antarctic Survey Natural Environment Research Council Non‐annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent
Andrew A. Lacis Goddard Institute for Space Studies Attribution of the present-day total greenhouse effect Atmospheric CO2: Principal Control Knob Governing Earth's Temperature
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