People


Name ORCID Organizations Publications
Michaël Kummert 0000-0003-1606-8344 Polytechnique Montreal Department of Mechanical Engineering Designing net-zero energy buildings for the future climate, not for the past
Lee Kump The Pennsylvania State University Department of Geosciences The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification
Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz Polish Academy of Sciences Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle Coping with variability and change: Floods and droughts CLIMATE CHANGE: Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?
Kenneth E. Kunkel 0000-0001-6667-7047 Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites - NC Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies Desert Research Institute Division of Atmospheric Sciences Illinois State Water Survey Midwestern Climate Center Midwestern Regional Climate Center National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Environmental Information NCEI National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center North Carolina State University University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Atmospheric Sciences 31.5: Storage Levels in the Elephant Butte Reservoir 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 2.14: Projected Precipitation Change by Season 22.3: Hydrologic Changes Across the Northern Great Plains 14.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 48.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 2.9: Projected Temperature Change by 2071-2099 (CMIP5 models) 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 45.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 9.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Florida, 1900-2013 Observational- and model-based trends and projections of extreme precipitation over the contiguous United States 2.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 18.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 18.2c-2: Observed Fall Precipitation 41.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 834f7624-40de-4a09-9ced-faaca30d4d6d 49.4: Ice Cover on Lake Mendota 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 40.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 4f071049-4952-4e2b-ac40-9942a7752382 47.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 20.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 29.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 10.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 46.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 27.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 14.2d-1: Observed Spring Precipitaton 45.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 9.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 37.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 41.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.2: Projected Change in the Number of Very Hot Days 12.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.5b: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.8: 1700 Years of Global Temperature Change from Proxy Data c6e6a4b8-840f-4d4c-9487-9699fb94dd31 3.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 35.2e: Observed Summer Precipitation 30.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 24.4: Observed Summer Temperature 19.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 20.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 34.23: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 3.2b-1: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 38.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 1. Climate of the Northeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-1 17.2b-2: Observed Summer Temperature 3.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 48.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change -.6: Extreme Precipitation Has Increased Across Much of the United States 26.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 16.3d-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 9.2b: Observed Number of Nights Below Freezing 42.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 23.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 46.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.2c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 4.3: Increasing Numbers of Cooling Degree Days 33.21: Projected Wintertime Precipitation Changes 43.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 13.4a: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.2e: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 41.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 34.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 25.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.3d: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 25.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 38.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 9.6: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 15.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 8.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.9: Proxy Temperature Reconstructions 7.8: Change in the Number of Days Within Precipitation Percentile Intervals 22.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves 14.2a-1: Observed Spring Temperature 38.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 40.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 991826ea-5f98-45f2-827e-8fdfc48d07fb 44.6: Annual Average Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 34.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 15.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 4.4: Projected Changes in Seasonal Precipitation 17.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 15.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall Using a Quality-Controlled Dataset 6.5: Projected Changes in Key Climate Variables Affecting Agricultural Productivity 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 22.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 21.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 48.7: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation nca4 chapter 19 : Southeast 3.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 6. Climate of the Northwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-6 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 43.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 32.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 19.5: Projected Change in Number of Consecutive Dry Days 40.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 20.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation Recent increases in U.S. heavy precipitation associated with tropical cyclones 26.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 15.2d: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.2b: Observed Maximum Summer Temperature 9.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 27.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 32.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights -.3: Sensitivity Analysis of Differences in Modeling Approaches 2.17: Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation 1.3: Projected Changes in U.S. Annual Average Temperatures 31.5: Storage Levels in Elephant Butte Reservoir 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 20.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Global Temperatures Continue to Rise 46.4: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2: Change in Number of Extreme Precipitation Events Seasonal and regional variations in extreme precipitation event frequency using CMIP5 Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 3. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-3 37.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Mt. Hood 5.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 16.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature Temporal variations of extreme precipitation events in the United States: 1895–2000 nca4 chapter A5 : Appendix 5: Frequently Asked Questions nca3 chapter 33 : Appendix 3: Climate Science Supplement A5.18: Short-Term Variability Versus Long-Term Trend 18.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 35.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 17.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.2: Global Temperature and Carbon Dioxide 23.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 17.5: Projected Change in Number of Nights Below 32°F 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 16.6: Kansas Palmer Drought Severity Index 13.4b: Observed Summer Precipitaton Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 8. Climate of the Pacific Islands. U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-8 42.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 25.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 34.9: Decade-Scale Changes in Average Temperature for U.S. Regions 2.6: Observed and Projected Change in Heavy Precipitation 5.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 18.2d: Observed Fall Precipitation 19.22: Projected Changes in Cooling Degree Days 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 2.8: Projected Temperature Change 1.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 30.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Global land surface extremes of precipitation: Data limitations and trends 15.3b: Observed Summer Precipitaton 50.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.9: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 48.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 22.3: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 48.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 17.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 20.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 3.2b-2: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature 18.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 35.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 44.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 16.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 43.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 47.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 3.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 5bd64870-4e8e-45cb-9b2c-83c52f5af397 21.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton SAP 3.1. Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations 19.2b: Observed Number of Hot Days 26.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 4.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 25.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.6: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 4.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 1.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 43.6: Texas Palmer Drought Severity Index 28.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 49.2d-1: Observed Winter Precipitation 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index Trends in Twentieth-Century U.S. Extreme Snowfall Seasons The response of Great Lakes water levels to future climate scenarios with an emphasis on Lake Michigan-Huron 37.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 27.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 29.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.4: Projected Global Temperatures 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.4: Emissions Levels Determine Temperature Rises 46.6: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 33.22: Projected Summertime Precipitation Changes 50.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 34.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 46.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Changes in weather and climate extremes: State of knowledge relevant to air and water quality in the United States 28.5: Nevada Palmer Drought Severity Index 8.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 7.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 45.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 1.4: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 30.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.2d: Observed Summer Precipitation 26.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 33.4: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 32.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 5. Climate of the Midwest U.S. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-5 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 20.4: Projected Precipitation Change for Puerto Rico 16.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 17.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 33.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 42.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.3: Growing Season Lengthens 25.3b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.4: Observed and Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperature 43.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 24.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 19.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 7.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 37.4d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 33.3b: Observed Annual Precipitation nca3 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate a405fab3-ee62-401c-8d93-347261d9eab9 38.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: The Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II 30.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.7: Projected Change in Daily, 20-year Extreme Precipitation 37.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 43.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 48.2: Observed Number of Very Hot Days beed84d6-d0f9-4c33-a8d3-808ed6eb6e3b 40.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 21.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 32.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 37.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 23.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 36.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 33.2a: Observed Winter Temperature 39.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 41.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 20.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 27.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 39.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 43e4c69f-2e48-4edc-ad0b-c0508a35f6d7 2.11: Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season Length 33.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 5.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 9. Climate of the Contiguous United States. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-9 49.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing U.S. temperature and drought: Recent anomalies and trends 6.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.3b: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 39.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights A5.11: Comparison of Climate Models and Observed Temperature Change 16.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 22.2: Projected Changes in Very Hot Days, Cool Days, and Heavy Precipitation 49.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 4.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 44.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana Meteorological Causes of the Secular Variations in Observed Extreme Precipitation Events for the Conterminous United States 19.5: Projected Number of Warm Nights 10.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 14.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change c8484765-3d50-48dc-a2e3-09cb56610265 30.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights A5.10: Observed and Projected Changes in Global Temperature 43.4a: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 7447d9e8-b0d8-4009-af97-fce115235283 38.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 41.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 50.4c: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama A framework for examining climate-driven changes to the seasonality and geographical range of coastal pathogens and harmful algae 2.5: Observed and Projected Change in Seasonal Precipitation usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 Appendix 1: Technical Support Document 47.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 6.7: Projected Changes in Annual Average Temperatures 5.6: Storage Levels in the Shasta Dam Reservoir 35.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation Temporal variations in frost-free season in the United States: 1895–2000 18.2: Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest 23.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 25.9: Projected Shift in Agricultural Zones 20.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 41.5: Annual Snowfall Totals at Menno 34.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.2b-1: Observed Winter Temperature 23.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 6dafc8d5-9e40-4dd6-a63d-d456ec61a551 7.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change nca3 chapter 29 : Research Needs for Climate and Global Change Assessments 30.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 18.7: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 2.10: Observed Increase in Frost-Free Season Length 6.3: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 44.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations 24.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 49.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature -.4: Significantly More Warming Occurs Under Higher Greenhouse Gas Concentration Scenarios 10.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 21.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change The Nature and Impacts of the July 1999 Heat Wave in the Midwestern United States: Learning from the Lessons of 1995 1a061197-95cf-47bd-9db4-f661c711a174 33.2b: Observed Winter Temperature 14.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 2.13: Annual Maximum Precipitation and Changes in Consecutive Dry Days 27.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.3: Texas Summer 2011: Record Heat and Drought 22.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 1.2: Global Land and Ocean Temperature Anamolies 49.2c: Observed Number of Warm Nights 37.4b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 42.6: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 4.4: Observed Summer Temperature 35.2d-2: Observed Summer Precipitation 23.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 44.4d: April 1 Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) at Ben Lomond Peak, UT 24.8: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 3.7: Lake Mead Water Level at Hoover Dam Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States? 37.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 14.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron A5.14: Temperature Change Varies by Region 19.2: Projected Change in Number of Hot Days 45.2c-a: Observed Summer Temperature 16.3a: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 38.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 19.4: Projected Change in Number of Heavy Precipitation Days 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 34.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.6: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events usgcrp-climate-human-health-assessment-2016 chapter 1 : Climate Change and Human Health 29.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States 44.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 33.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 19.4: Historical Number of Warm Nights 26.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 41.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 21.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 16.3d-2: Observed Summer Precipitaton 24.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.9: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 33.20: Projected Annually-Averaged Temperature C hange 21.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 25.10: Projected Increases in Extreme Heat A new look at lake-effect snowfall trends in the Laurentian Great Lakes using a temporally homogeneous data set 29.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 19.2: Historical Change in Freeze-Free Season Length 18.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 45.4: Observed Annual Precipitation Regional Surface Climate Conditions in CMIP3 and CMIP5 for the United States: Differences, Similarities, and Implications for the U.S. National Climate Assessment 39.2: Observed Number of Hot Days 1.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 10.4: Changes in Length of Growing Season 37.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 44.5: Utah Palmer Drought Severity Index 22.4: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 24.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 44.6: Water Levels in the Great Salt Lake at Saltair Boat Harbor 24.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 16.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 23.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 36.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 12.8: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 2.5: Projected Change in Average Annual Temperature The seasonal nature of extreme hydrological events in the northeastern United States 20.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 42.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 24.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 18.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 5.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 18.8: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 48.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 50.4a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 15.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 6.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 47.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 6.5d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 6.8: Colorado Palmer Drought Severity Index 28.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 39.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.6: When it Rains, it Pours 006264b2-8594-4e09-9430-a1d0cc056ff7 12.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 10.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 35.2d: Observed Winter Precipitation 50.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 15.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca4 chapter 21 : Midwest A5.20: Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events 10.2c: Observed Summer Precipitation 39.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 1.5: Observed and Projected Change in Global Sea Level 33.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 35.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 2.6: Projected Change in Average Annual Precipitation 30.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation cfafefc7-f04f-4cb3-8e7e-2978c92e2ae4 1.4: Projected Changes in Hottest/Coldest and Wettest/Driest Day of the Year 32.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 1.2b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 5.7: California Palmer Drought Severity Index 8.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 40.2b: Observed Number of Days Below Freezing 6.5a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 9.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2b: Observed Annual Precipitation 13.6: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 6.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 1.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 11.3: Projected Change in Number of Days with Heavy Precipitation 50.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation nca3 chapter 34 : Appendix 4: Frequently Asked Questions 8.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 27.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 12961b12-f04c-41f6-9603-cdc65291eb89 31.4d: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 22.2c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 39.3a: Observed Number of Warm Nights 41.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 26.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Noisy Basin 34.12: Measurements of Surface Temperature and Sun’s Energy 34.19: Observed and Projected U.S. Temperature Change 13.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.4a: Observed Winter Temperature 21.10: Historical and Projected Annual Number of Days Above 100°F for Chicago 36.2: Observed Summer Temperature 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 35.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 19.3: Projected Change in Number of Warm Nights 29.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 44.4c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 49.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 14.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 46.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 28.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 18.2d: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 8.1: Projected Change in Soil Moisture, End of Century, Higher Emissions 29.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 2.27: Ice Cover in the Great Lakes 46.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 31.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 49.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 7. Climate of Alaska. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-7 7.4: Observed Change in Heavy Precipitation 21.7: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 12.5: Observed Annual Precipitation 31.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 36.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 26.6: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 19.6: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 31.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 29.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 22cf98ca-20af-4fc0-ba4d-ef7234aa5be5 Reply to “Comments on ‘Monitoring and understanding trends in extreme storms: State of knowledge’” 28.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 6.6: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Tower 33.3c: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 36.6: Oklahoma Palmer Drought Severity Index 39.3b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 19.15: Projected Changes in Plant Hardiness Zones 6.5c-2: Observed Spring Precipitation 46.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 9.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 13.3a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 7.2b: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 28.6: Lake Mead Elevation at Hoover Dam 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 22.2b: Observed Number of Warm Nights 21.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 35.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 13.2a: Observed Spring Temperature 31.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 9.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 51.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 19.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 20.3: Observed and Projected Temperature Change for Puerto Rico 31.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change fe1ad9b9-3516-4623-aa66-4956ceec6891 46.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 32.2d: Observed Annual Precipitation 1.2d: Total Hurricane Events in Alabama, 1900-2013 41.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 19.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 25.1: Temperature Has Increased Across the Southwest 2d6fb90b-7d3d-4fce-8f63-36459f80d366 44.2: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 42.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 10.5: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 4.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 45.2b: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 36.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 32.2a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 27.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 7.6: Future Projection of Regional Extreme Precipitation of 2-Day Duration and 5 Year Return 45.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 10.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 25.2a: Observed Summer Temperature 2.7: Observed U.S. Temperature Change 4.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days Indicator: Heavy Precipitation 6.2b: Observed Summer Temperature 83ef5674-8aa8-40fe-8c7e-4f0ac3d140d8 3.6: Arizona Palmer Drought Severity Index 11.8: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 49.7: Annual Lake-Wide Average Water Levels for Lake Michigan-Huron 21.3: Drying Effect of Warmer Air on Plants and Soils 27.3c: Observed Annual Precipitation 50.4a-2: Observed Summer Temperature 33.2a: Observed Summer Temperature How spatially coherent and statistically robust are temporal changes in extreme precipitation in the contiguous USA? 29.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 6.5c-1: Observed Fall Precipitation 32.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days Climate Science Special Report: The Fourth National Climate Assessment: Volume I Effects of ocean warming on growth and distribution of dinoflagellates associated with ciguatera fish poisoning in the Caribbean 15.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 10.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 36.3a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 40.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods, and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge 38.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation -.1: Scenarios of Future Temperature Rise 10.3: Observed and Projected Changes in Frost-Free Season 7.3: 2-Day Precipitation Events Exceeding 5-Year Recurrence Interval Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast U.S. NOAA Technical Report 142-2 46.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 45.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 7.2d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 17.4: Projected Change in Number of Days Over 95°F 45.2c-b: Observed Winter Temperature 50.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 4.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 29.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge 14.7: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 3.3: Observed Number of Extremely Warm Nights 22.5: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 17.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 3.5: Observed Monsoon Season Precipitation 19.1: Historical Changes in Hot Days and Warm Nights 14.2c: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 19.3: Historical Change in Heavy Precipitation 44.4a: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 38.2a: Observed Number of Hot Days 17.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 37.6: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation a7c5f0aa-db53-4965-bd56-88e8f7a87a89 18.2c-1: Observed Spring Precipitation 18.5: Total Hurricane Events in Louisiana 19.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 25.2c: Observed Minimum Summer Temperature nca4 chapter 2 : Our Changing Climate 14.2b: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 1.3: Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation by Mid-Century 41.3b: Observed Number or Warm Nights 17.2c: Observed Annual Precipitation 43.4b: Observed Annual Precipitation 34.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change Trends and extremes in Northern Hemisphere snow characteristics 3.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 27.5: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events 30.5: Projected Change in Spring Precipitation 50.5: End of Season Snow Water Equivalent Depth at Lewis Lake Divide 8.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 35.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 26.4b: Observed Summer Temperature 7.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the U.S. National Climate Assessment: Part 4. Climate of the U.S. Great Plains. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 142-4 27.3d: Observed Summer Precipitaton 8.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 34.3: Observed Number of Warm Nights 16.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 23.4: Projected Increase in Number of Days Above 100°F Probable maximum precipitation and climate change 18.2c: Observed Spring Precipitation 1.16: Projected Change in Very Hot Days by 2100 in Phoenix, Arizona fbad1b23-b576-4996-a75a-3fe2a1c8dde9 24.7: Projected Change in Summer Precipitation 43.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 2.15: Newer Simulations for Projected Precipitation Change (CMIP5 models) 1.5: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level 35.4: Observed Number of Extreme Precipitation Events A surface energy budget view of the 1988 midwestern United States drought 13.3b: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 50.4b: Observed Number of Very Cold Days 31.7: New Mexico Palmer Drought Severity Index 32.3: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 10.4: Observed Annual Precipitation 18.3: Observed Number of Very Warm Nights 13.3c: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 15.3a: Observed Spring Precipitation 32.2a-1: Observed Winter Temperature 26.1: Observed and Projected Temperature Change 33.3d: Total Hurricane Events in North Carolina nca4 chapter A3 : Appendix 3: Data Tools and Scenario Products 23.1: Monitoring Precipitation Across the Southern Great Plains 12.4: Observed Number of Very Cold Nights 8.4: Projected Change in Annual Precipitation 18.2a: Observed Number of Very Hot Days 5.2a: Observed Number of Extremely Hot Days 41.7: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 5.8: Projected Change in Winter Precipitation 26fc56f4-b4e0-425b-adc8-14c6d961d558 40.4: Past and Projected Changes in Global Sea Level
Howard Kunreuther National Bureau of Economic Research University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center Wharton School of Business Department of Operations and Information Management A Methodological Approach for Pricing Flood Insurance and Evaluating Loss Reduction Measures: Application to Texas, Wharton Risk Management Center and CoreLogic, Philadelphia, PA and Santa Ana, CA Risk management and climate change Decision Processes for Low Probability Events: Policy Implications Climate Change, Insurability of Large-Scale Disasters and the Emerging Liability Challenge. NBER Working Paper 12821 Making America more resilient toward natural disasters: A call for action Redesigning Flood Insurance Catastrophe Modeling: A New Ap... At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk Analysis and Risk Management in an Uncertain World nca3 chapter 26 : Decision Support: Connecting Science, Risk Perception, and Decisions At War with the Weather: Manag... Risk, Media and Stigma: Unders...
Joe Kuntz City of Stamford Environmental Health Laboratory Predictability of swimming prohibitions by observational parameters: A proactive public health policy, Stamford, Connecticut, 1989-2004.
Kristin Kuntz-Duriseti Climate Change Science and Pol...
Nino Künzli 0000-0001-8360-080X University of Southern California Department of Preventive Medicine Health effects of the 2003 southern California wildfires on children The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age
Hans Kupfersberger 0000-0001-6952-7992 Joanneum Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Kaarle Kupiainen International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Jaise Kuriakose 0000-0002-8536-8984 The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research University of Manchester Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering What if negative emission technologies fail at scale? Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations
Pablo Kuri Morales Pablo Kuri Morales Epidemic dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Texas–Mexico border: Results of a household-based seroepidemiologic survey, December 2005
Tom Kurkowski University of Alaska Fairbanks International Arctic Research Center Consequences of changes in vegetation and snow cover for climate feedbacks in Alaska and northwest Canada
Klaus Kurtenbach Active and Passive Surveillance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi Elucidate the Process of Lyme Disease Risk Emergence in Canada
Nathan Kurtz Morgan State University CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume
Daniel Kurtzman The University of Texas at Austin Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin Jackson School of Geosciences El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Pacific Decadal Oscillation impacts on precipitation in the southern and central United States: Evaluation of spatial distribution and predictions
Michael J. Kurylo National Aeronautics and Space Administration SAP 2.4. Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
D. Kurz Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits
Raymond Kurz Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement Program The effects of seasonal variability and weather on microbial fecal pollution and enteric pathogens in a subtropical estuary
Werner Kurz 0000-0003-4576-7849 Canadian Forest Service Canadian Forestry Service Pacific Forestry Centre Natural Resources Canada second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 2 : The North American Carbon Budget second-state-carbon-cycle-report-soccr2-sustained-assessment-report chapter 9 : Forests Forest Carbon Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere Risk of natural disturbances makes future contribution of Canada's forests to the global carbon cycle highly uncertain Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change Mountain pine beetle and forest carbon feedback to climate change 9.5: Effects of Natural Disturbances on Carbon Dynamics in Canada’s Managed Forests A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World's Forests Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions, and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: A North America flux data synthesis
Jürgen Kusche 0000-0001-7069-021X University of Bonn Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Revisiting the contemporary sea-level budget on global and regional scales
Paul Kushner 0000-0002-6404-4518 University of Toronto Department of Physics The Community Earth System Model (CESM) large ensemble project: A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability
Yochanan Kushnir 0000-0003-3312-5160 Columbia University Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Would advance knowledge of 1930s SSTs have allowed prediction of the Dust Bowl drought? Have Aerosols Caused the Observed Atlantic Multidecadal Variability? Forced and Internal Twentieth-Century SST Trends in the North Atlantic Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America Variation of the North Atlantic subtropical high western ridge and its implication to Southeastern US summer precipitation Influence of local and remote SST on North Atlantic tropical cyclone potential intensity Climate change in the Fertile Crescent and implications of the recent Syrian drought
William P. Kustas 0000-0001-5727-4350 U.S. Department of Agriculture Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory Remote Sensing of the Terrestr...
M. Deniz Kustu Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Evidence of enhanced precipitation due to irrigation over the Great Plains of the United States
Lynn Kutner Precious Heritage: The Status ...
Nancy G. Kutner Emory University Department of Emergency Medicine United States Renal Data System Rehabilitation/Quality of Life Special Studies Center Missed dialysis sessions and hospitalization in hemodialysis patients after Hurricane Katrina
Werner L. Kutsch Johann Heinrich von Thunen-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Institute of Agricultural Climate Research Influence of spring and autumn phenological transitions on forest ecosystem productivity
Johan Carl Ivar Kuylenstierna Stockholm Environmental Institute University of York Environment Department Simultaneously Mitigating Near-Term Climate Change and Improving Human Health and Food Security
Alan Kuzirian Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Geology and Geophysics Extensive dissolution of live pteropods in the Southern Ocean
Svetlana I. Kuzmina Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center NIERC Arctic climate change: observed and modelled temperature and sea-ice variability Surface air temperature variability and trends in the Arctic: New amplification assessment and regionalisation
Jens Kværner Bioforsk Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
Keith A. Kvenvolden U.S. Geological Survey Methane hydrate — A major reservoir of carbon in the shallow geosphere?
Jaap Kwadijk 0000-0003-2980-2464 Deltares Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta—the Netherlands as an example
Mary Kwart Mary Kwart Vulnerability and adaptation to climate-related fire impacts in rural and urban interior Alaska
Alison G. Kwok University of Oregon School of Architecture and Environment Department of Architecture Addressing climate change in comfort standards
Jeffrey Kwok The Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of Medicine and Therapeutics Recurrent heat-related illnesses during antipsychotic treatment
Ronald Kwok 0000-0003-4051-5896 California Institute of Technology NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Decline in Arctic sea ice thickness from submarine and ICESat records: 1958-2008 Uncertainty in modeled Arctic sea ice volume CryoSat-2 estimates of Arctic sea ice thickness and volume Toward quantifying the increasing role of oceanic heat in sea ice loss in the new Arctic The thinning of Arctic sea ice Wind-driven trends in Antarctic sea-ice drift Changing Arctic Ocean freshwater pathways Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations
MinHo Kwon 0000-0002-5298-131X University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Meteorology El Niño in a changing climate
Oh-Sung Kwon University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Bridge damage and repair costs from Hurricane Katrina
Young‐Oh Kwon 0000-0002-1241-2817 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Department of Physical Oceanography The role of atmospheric forcing versus ocean advection during the extreme warming of the Northeast U.S. continental shelf in 2012
Amy D. Kyle University of California, Berkeley Environmental Health Sciences Division Understanding the cumulative impacts of inequalities in environmental health: Implications for policy
G. Page Kyle Joint Global Change Research Institute Pacific Northwest National Laboratory University of Maryland, College Park Implications of simultaneously mitigating and adapting to climate change: initial experiments using GCAM RCP4.5: a pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100 2.6: Limiting climate change to 450 ppm CO2 equivalent in the 21st century Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks Water demands for electricity generation in the U.S.: Modeling different scenarios for the water–energy nexus Impacts of rising air temperatures and emissions mitigation on electricity demand and supply in the United States: A multi-model comparison Effects of long-term climate change on global building energy expenditures
David Kyler Center for a Sustainable Coast Coastal Georgia Development Rates, Patterns, and Impacts, Presentation
Karine Laaidi Institute of Health Watch Heat–Health Warning Systems: A Comparison of the Predictive Capacity of Different Approaches to Identifying Dangerously Hot Days
Maria Laamanen Finnish Institute of Marine Research Long-term changes in summer phytoplankton communities of the open northern Baltic Sea
Ingrid T. van der Laan-Luijkxk 0000-0002-3990-6737 Wageningen University Department of Meteorology and Air Quality Warm spring reduced carbon cycle impact of the 2012 US summer drought
Zachary Labe 0000-0002-6394-7651 University of California, Irvine Department of Earth System Science Identifying anomalously early spring onsets in the CESM large ensemble project
Jayme L. Laber National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service Storm rainfall conditions for floods and debris flows from recently burned areas in southwestern Colorado and southern California
William B. Labiosa U.S. Geological Survey Tools and Methods for Evaluating and Refining Alternative Futures for Coastal Ecosystem Management—the Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011–1279, 47 p. The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model—A Map-Based Multicriteria Ecological, Economic, and Community Land-Use Planning Tool: US Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5181