reference : The influence of coral reefs and climate change on wave-driven flooding of tropical coastlines

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract A numerical model, XBeach, calibrated and validated on field data collected at Roi-Namur Island on Kwajalein Atoll in the Republic of Marshall Islands, was used to examine the effects of different coral reef characteristics on potential coastal hazards caused by wave-driven flooding and how these effects may be altered by projected climate change. The results presented herein suggest that coasts fronted by relatively narrow reefs with steep fore reef slopes (~1:10 and steeper) and deeper, smoother reef flats are expected to experience the highest wave runup. Wave runup increases for higher water levels (sea level rise), higher waves, and lower bed roughness (coral degradation), which are all expected effects of climate change. Rising sea levels and climate change will therefore have a significant negative impact on the ability of coral reefs to mitigate the effects of coastal hazards in the future.
Author Quataert, Ellen; Storlazzi, Curt; van Rooijen, Arnold; Cheriton, Olivia; van Dongeren, Ap
DOI 10.1002/2015GL064861
Database Provider Wiley Online Library
Date 2015/08/16/
ISSN 1944-8007
Issue 15
Journal Geophysical Research Letters
Keywords Pacific Ocean; winds and waves; Sea level; Ecosystems; coastal inundation; coral reefs; Republic of the Marshall Islands; wave runup; 4220 Coral reef systems; 1641 Sea level change; 4534 Hydrodynamic modeling; 9355 Pacific Ocean; flooding; modeling infragravity waves; reef morphology; coastal effects
Language en
Pages 6407–6415
Title The influence of coral reefs and climate change on wave-driven flooding of tropical coastlines
Volume 42
Year 2015
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 22501
_uuid 0553949a-34c0-4c15-aa80-0cceca30cffa