reference : Whither the weather? Climate change and conflict

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/reference/069f4158-18f0-475d-a33e-8b21a935be8c
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Until recently, most writings on the relationship between climate change and security were highly speculative. The IPCC assessment reports to date offer little if any guidance on this issue and occasionally pay excessive attention to questionable sources. The articles published in this special issue form the largest collection of peer-reviewed writings on the topic to date. The number of such studies remains small compared to those that make up the natural science base of the climate issue, and there is some confusion whether it is the effect of ‘climate’ or ‘weather’ that is being tested. The results of the studies vary, and firm conclusions cannot always be drawn. Nevertheless, research in this area has made considerable progress. More attention is being paid to the specific causal mechanisms linking climate change to conflict, such as changes in rainfall and temperature, natural disasters, and economic growth. Systematic climate data are used in most of the articles and climate projections in some. Several studies are going beyond state-based conflict to look at possible implications for other kinds of violence, such as intercommunal conflict. Overall, the research reported here offers only limited support for viewing climate change as an important influence on armed conflict. However, framing the climate issue as a security problem could possibly influence the perceptions of the actors and contribute to a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Author Gleditsch, Nils Petter
DOI 10.1177/0022343311431288
Issue 1
Journal Journal of Peace Research
Keywords armed conflict,climate change,security,war
Pages 3-9
Title Whither the weather? Climate change and conflict
Volume 49
Year 2012
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 22075
_uuid 069f4158-18f0-475d-a33e-8b21a935be8c