reference : Exceptional twentieth-century slowdown in Atlantic Ocean overturning circulation

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reftype Journal Article
Abstract Possible changes in Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) provide a key source of uncertainty regarding future climate change. Maps of temperature trends over the twentieth century show a conspicuous region of cooling in the northern Atlantic. Here we present multiple lines of evidence suggesting that this cooling may be due to a reduction in the AMOC over the twentieth century and particularly after 1970. Since 1990 the AMOC seems to have partly recovered. This time evolution is consistently suggested by an AMOC index based on sea surface temperatures, by the hemispheric temperature difference, by coral-based proxies and by oceanic measurements. We discuss a possible contribution of the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet to the slowdown. Using a multi-proxy temperature reconstruction for the AMOC index suggests that the AMOC weakness after 1975 is an unprecedented event in the past millennium (p > 0.99). Further melting of Greenland in the coming decades could contribute to further weakening of the AMOC.
Author Rahmstorf, Stefan; Box, Jason E.; Feulner, Georg; Mann, Michael E.; Robinson, Alexander; Rutherford, Scott; Schaffernicht, Erik J.
DOI 10.1038/nclimate2554
Date 05//print
ISSN 1758-678X
Issue 5
Journal Nature Climate Change
Pages 475-480
Title Exceptional twentieth-century slowdown in Atlantic Ocean overturning circulation
Volume 5
Year 2015
Bibliographic identifiers
.publisher Nature Publishing Group
.reference_type 0
_record_number 19447
_uuid 143752b0-3899-41fe-963b-5b040305a5be