reference : A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract There is strong evidence that global climate change over the last several decades has caused shifts in species distributions, species extinctions, and alterations in the functioning of ecosystems. However, because of high variability on short (i.e., diurnal, seasonal, and annual) timescales as well as the recency of a comprehensive instrumental record, it is difficult to detect or provide evidence for long-term, site-specific trends in ocean temperature. Here we analyze five in situ datasets from Florida Keys coral reef habitats, including historic measurements taken by lighthouse keepers, to provide three independent lines of evidence supporting approximately 0.8 °C of warming in sea surface temperature (SST) over the last century. Results indicate that the warming observed in the records between 1878 and 2012 can be fully accounted for by the warming observed in recent decades (from 1975 to 2007), documented using in situ thermographs on a mid-shore patch reef. The magnitude of warming revealed here is similar to that found in other SST datasets from the region and to that observed in global mean surface temperature. The geologic context and significance of recent ocean warming to coral growth and population dynamics are discussed, as is the future prognosis for the Florida reef tract.
Author Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Lidz, Barbara H.; Hudson, J. Harold; Anderson, Jeffrey S.
DOI 10.1007/s12237-014-9875-5
Date May 01
ISSN 1559-2731
Issue 3
Journal Estuaries and Coasts
Pages 1085-1096
Title A century of ocean warming on Florida Keys coral reefs: Historic in situ observations
Type of Article journal article
Volume 38
Year 2015
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 24343
_uuid 1ea5ba53-3e63-45ad-ae18-ce49750ea571