reference : Climate change and human health impacts in the United States: An update on the results of the U.S. National Assessment

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract The health sector component of the first U.S. National Assessment, published in 2000, synthesized the anticipated health impacts of climate variability and change for five categories of health outcomes: impacts attributable to temperature, extreme weather events (e.g., storms and floods), air pollution, water- and food-borne diseases, and vector- and rodent-borne diseases. The Health Sector Assessment (HSA) concluded that climate variability and change are likely to increase morbidity and mortality risks for several climate-sensitive health outcomes, with the net impact uncertain. The objective of this study was to update the first HSA based on recent publications that address the potential impacts of climate variability and change in the United States for the five health outcome categories. The literature published since the first HSA supports the initial conclusions, with new data refining quantitative exposure-response relationships for several health end points, particularly for extreme heat events and air pollution. The United States continues to have a very high capacity to plan for and respond to climate change, although relatively little progress has been noted in the literature on implementing adaptive strategies and measures. Large knowledge gaps remain, resulting in a substantial need for additional research to improve our understanding of how weather and climate, both directly and indirectly, can influence human health. Filling these knowledge gaps will help better define the potential health impacts of climate change and identify specific public health adaptations to increase resilience.
Accession Number 447
Author Ebi, K.L. Mills, D.M. Smith, J.B. Grambsch, A.
Author Address Ebi, KL (reprint author), ESS LLC, 5249 Tancreti Lane, Alexandria, VA 22304 USA ESS LLC, Alexandria, VA 22304 USA Stratus Consulting Inc, Boulder, CO USA
DOI 10.1289/ehp.8880
Date SEP 2006
ISSN 0091-6765
Issue 9
Journal Environmental Health Perspectives
Keywords air pollution; climate change; extreme weather events; flooding; health impacts; heat waves; waterborne diseases; POTENTIAL IMPACTS; AIR-POLLUTION; HUMAN MORTALITY; HEAT-WAVE; AMBIENT-TEMPERATURE; DECADAL CHANGES; BIRTH-WEIGHT; VECTOR-BORNE; VARIABILITY; CITIES
Language English
Pages 1318-1324
Title Climate change and human health impacts in the United States: An update on the results of the U.S. National Assessment
Volume 114
Year 2006
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_chapter ["Ch. 3: Water Resources FINAL"]
_record_number 285
_uuid 2a41e99d-d13e-4b17-b69b-933e4ce5c692