reference : 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981–2001

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Results for 160 samples of disaster victims were coded as to sample type, disaster type, disaster location, outcomes and risk factors observed, and overall severity of impairment. In order of frequency, outcomes included specific psychological problems, nonspecific distress, health problems, chronic problems in living, resource loss, and problems specific to youth. Regression analyses showed that samples were more likely to be impaired if they were composed of youth rather than adults, were from developing rather than developed countries, or experienced mass violence (e.g., terrorism, shooting sprees) rather than natural or technological disasters. Most samples of rescue and recovery workers showed remarkable resilience. Within adult samples, more severe exposure, female gender, middle age, ethnic minority status, secondary stressors, prior psychiatric problems, and weak or deteriorating psychosocial resources most consistently increased the likelihood of adverse outcomes. Among youth, family factors were primary. Implications of the research for clinical practice and community intervention are discussed in a companion article (Norris, Friedman, and Watson, this volume).
Author Norris, F. H.; Friedman, M. J.; Watson, P. J.; Byrne, C. M.; Diaz, E.; Kaniasty, K.
DOI 10.1521/psyc.
Date Fall
ISSN 0033-2747
Issue 3
Journal Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes
Keywords Databases, Factual; *Disasters; Humans; Life Change Events; Risk Factors; *Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology/psychology/therapy; Survivors/*psychology
Language eng
Notes Norris, Fran H Friedman, Matthew J Watson, Patricia J Byrne, Christopher M Diaz, Eolia Kaniasty, Krzysztof KO2 MH63909/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Review United States Psychiatry. 2002 Fall;65(3):207-39.
Pages 207-239
Title 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981–2001
Volume 65
Year 2002
Bibliographic identifiers
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_record_number 18147
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