reference : Heavy precipitation and high streamflow in the contiguous United States: Trends in the twentieth century

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/reference/3b99e834-0057-481e-a10c-813718fd9ef3
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Changes in several components of the hydrological cycle over the contiguous United States have been documented during the twentieth century: an increase of precipitation, especially heavy and very heavy precipitation, and a significant retreat in spring snow cover extent over western regions during the last few decades. These changes have affected streamflow, including the probability of high flow. In the eastern half of the United States a significant relationship is found between the frequency of heavy precipitation and high streamflow events both annually and during the months of maximum streamflow. Two factors contributed to finding such a relation: 1) the relatively small contribution of snowmelt to heavy runoff in the eastern United States (compared to the west), and 2) the presence of a sufficiently dense network of streamflow and precipitation gauges available for analysis. An increase of spring heavy precipitation events over the eastern United States indicates with high probability that during the twentieth century an increase of high streamflow conditions has also occurred. In the West, a statistically significant reduction of snow cover extent has complicated the relation between heavy precipitation and streamflow. Increases in peak stream flow have not been observed here, despite increases in heavy precipitation events, and less extensive snow cover is the likely cause.
Author Pavel Ya. Groisman; Richard W. Knight; Thomas R. Karl
DOI 10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0219:hpahsi>2.3.co;2
Issue 2
Journal Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Pages 219-246
Title Heavy precipitation and high streamflow in the contiguous United States: Trends in the twentieth century
Volume 82
Year 2001
Bibliographic identifiers
.reference_type 0
_record_number 20922
_uuid 3b99e834-0057-481e-a10c-813718fd9ef3