reference : Shifting paradigms in restoration of the world's coral reefs

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/reference/3d49a5b4-116d-4cc0-a075-d6357059374b
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Many ecosystems around the world are rapidly deteriorating due to both local and global pressures, and perhaps none so precipitously as coral reefs. Management of coral reefs through maintenance (e.g., marine-protected areas, catchment management to improve water quality), restoration, as well as global and national governmental agreements to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (e.g., the 2015 Paris Agreement) is critical for the persistence of coral reefs. Despite these initiatives, the health and abundance of corals reefs are rapidly declining and other solutions will soon be required. We have recently discussed options for using assisted evolution (i.e., selective breeding, assisted gene flow, conditioning or epigenetic programming, and the manipulation of the coral microbiome) as a means to enhance environmental stress tolerance of corals and the success of coral reef restoration efforts. The 2014-2016 global coral bleaching event has sharpened the focus on such interventionist approaches. We highlight the necessity for consideration of alternative (e.g., hybrid) ecosystem states, discuss traits of resilient corals and coral reef ecosystems, and propose a decision tree for incorporating assisted evolution into restoration initiatives to enhance climate resilience of coral reefs.
Author van Oppen, Madeleine J. H.; Gates, Ruth D.; Blackall, Linda L.; Cantin, Neal; Chakravarti, Leela J.; Chan, Wing Y.; Cormick, Craig; Crean, Angela; Damjanovic, Katarina; Epstein, Hannah; Harrison, Peter L.; Jones, Thomas A.; Miller, Margaret; Pears, Rachel J.; Peplow, Lesa M.; Raftos, David A.; Schaffelke, Britta; Stewart, Kristen; Torda, Gergely; Wachenfeld, David; Weeks, Andrew R.; Putnam, Hollie M.
DOI 10.1111/gcb.13647
Database Provider PubMed
Date 2017/09//
ISSN 1365-2486
Issue 9
Journal Global Change Biology
Keywords global warming; restoration; assisted evolution; hybrid ecosystems; rehabilitation; scleractinia
Language eng
Pages 3437-3448
Title Shifting paradigms in restoration of the world's coral reefs
Volume 23
Year 2017
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 22531
_uuid 3d49a5b4-116d-4cc0-a075-d6357059374b