reference : Regional distribution shifts help explain local changes in wintering raptor abundance: Implications for interpreting population trends

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Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Studies of multiple taxa across broad-scales suggest that species distributions are shifting poleward in response to global climate change. Recognizing the influence of distribution shifts on population indices will be an important part of interpreting trends within management units because current practice often assumes that changes in local populations reflect local habitat conditions. However, the individual- and population-level processes that drive distribution shifts may occur across a large, regional scale and have little to do with the habitats within the management unit. We examined the latitudinal center of abundance for the winter distributions of six western North America raptor species using Christmas Bird Counts from 1975–2011. Also, we considered whether population indices within western North America Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs) were explained by distribution shifts. All six raptors had significant poleward shifts in their wintering distributions over time. Rough-legged Hawks (Buteo lagopus) and Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) showed the fastest rate of change, with 8.41 km yr−1 and 7.74 km yr−1 shifts, respectively. Raptors may be particularly responsive to warming winters because of variable migration tendencies, intraspecific competition for nesting sites that drives males to winter farther north, or both. Overall, 40% of BCR population trend models were improved by incorporating information about wintering distributions; however, support for the effect of distribution on BCR indices varied by species with Rough-legged Hawks showing the most evidence. These results emphasize the importance of understanding how regional distribution shifts influence local-scale population indices. If global climate change is altering distribution patterns, then trends within some management units may not reflect changes in local habitat conditions. The methods used to monitor and manage bird populations within local BCRs will fundamentally change as species experience changes in distribution in response to climate change.
Author Paprocki, Neil; Heath, Julie A.; Novak, Stephen J.
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0086814
Issue 1
Journal PLOS ONE
Pages e86814
Publisher Public Library of Science
Title Regional distribution shifts help explain local changes in wintering raptor abundance: Implications for interpreting population trends
Volume 9
Year 2014
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 23689
_uuid 46f6dc39-8375-4539-9999-5161f2284c1a