reference : Strong connections, loose coupling: The influence of the Bering Sea ecosystem on commercial fisheries and subsistence harvests in Alaska

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/reference/59740c2a-5744-488b-b86c-c3d732342bf0
Bibliographic fields
reftype Journal Article
Abstract Human-environment connections are the subject of much study, and the details of those connections are crucial factors in effective environmental management. In a large, interdisciplinary study of the eastern Bering Sea ecosystem involving disciplines from physical oceanography to anthropology, one of the research teams examined commercial fisheries and another looked at subsistence harvests by Alaska Natives. Commercial fisheries and subsistence harvests are extensive, demonstrating strong connections between the ecosystem and the humans who use it. At the same time, however, both research teams concluded that the influence of ecosystem conditions on the outcomes of human activities was weaker than anticipated. Likely explanations of this apparently loose coupling include the ability of fishers and hunters to adjust to variable conditions, and the role of social systems and management in moderating the direct effects of changes in the ecosystem. We propose a new conceptual model for future studies that incorporates a greater range of social factors and their dynamics, in addition to similarly detailed examinations of the ecosystem itself.
Article Number 6
Author Haynie, Alan C.; Huntington, Henry P.
DOI 10.5751/ES-08729-210406
Issue 4
Journal Ecology and Society
Keywords Bering Sea; commercial fisheries; ecosystem studies; human-environment connections; subsistence
Pages Art. 6
Publisher The Resilience Alliance
Title Strong connections, loose coupling: The influence of the Bering Sea ecosystem on commercial fisheries and subsistence harvests in Alaska
Volume 21
Year 2016
Bibliographic identifiers
_record_number 24830
_uuid 59740c2a-5744-488b-b86c-c3d732342bf0